Chant From A Minaret How Would Someone From The Middle East Classify This Music

Middle Eastern music

Music from the Middle East, including music from the Arabic-, Turkish-, and Persian-speaking worlds. Although there are three primary languages and related cultural distinctions, the music may be viewed as an one great heritage because of the uniting feature of Islam, which unites all three languages and cultures. The fact that Islam has historically regarded music to be troublesome has resulted in a dearth of religious ceremonial music, but it has had no effect on secular music, which has even been enriched by a strong religious strain as a result of this.

Folk music and art music vary less in the Middle East than in other parts of the world, in part because folk music, like art music, has long been the domain of professionals (including many women), and in part because the two traditions are built on concepts that are quite similar.

Similarities may also be seen in rhythmic treatment, which is strongly tied to the principles of prosody while also utilising rhythmic modes known as qt in Arabic.

The melodic and tonal architecture of performances, which is based on a system of modes known as maqmin Arabic, is the same in both folk and art-music traditions, and is based on the same system of modes.

When playing in the prepared sections, melodic instruments such as the theny (flute), zorn (double-reed instrument), d (short-necked lute), and sanr (trapezoidal zither) play in unison with the solo line; when playing in the improvised sections, they repeat it one or two beats behind.

It is well known that the Middle East is a significant supplier of musical instruments for other regions of the world.

Virginia Gorlinski has changed and updated this article in the most recent version.

Art and Music of the Middle East

The art of the Middle East is steeped in thousands of years of human history, and it is as diverse as the various artists who contribute to its creation. Numerous Middle Eastern painters come from tiny towns or nomadic tribes, where they have learned their craft through generations of family and friends. The practice of these arts is a means of conserving those talents as well as their cultural legacy. Take a look at some of the artistic achievements made by the Middle East, ranging from modern works that represent a dynamic and changing time to classical architecture and Byzantine paintings, to name a few examples.

It is also the birthplace of three main world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, all of which are based in the country. Despite its great cultural significance, most of the art that emerges from the Middle East has been influenced by it in some way.

Middle Eastern Art in Architecture

The architecture of the Middle East has a particular and one-of-a-kind aesthetic appeal. There are no architectural structures that are too insignificant to be adorned with lovely details; no palace or magnificent mausoleum is exempt from this rule. Also, because of the hot heat, it is useful, since it is created with open areas to allow for air circulation. Middle Eastern architecture is influenced by the ancient civilizations that built and developed the region, such as the Sumerians, the Byzantines, and the Persians, as well as contemporary cultures (also known as theAchaemenid Empire).

  1. Dome architecture is one of the most recognizable architectural characteristics of Middle Eastern architecture.
  2. Arches are another architectural element that may be seen in many Middle Eastern structures.
  3. Domes may be found in ancient Persian architecture, and arches have been utilized in the region for far older than that, dating back to the Sumerian city-states of the early days of civilization.
  4. From the time of the Mesopotamians and ancient Egyptians, these soothing spots have provided a welcome respite from the desert and have been a part of Middle Eastern culture and architecture ever since.
  5. Although mosaics are not unique to the Middle East, the elaborate tilework that can be found on many of the region’s buildings is a distinctive aspect of the region’s architectural style.
  6. The world’s earliest mosaic, discovered in a Sumerian structure, dates back to around 3000 BC.
  7. Mosaics can be made from a number of materials, not simply tiles, as shown below.

Even modern materials like as bottle caps may be used to create a bright and intriguing pattern when trying your hand at mosaic creating if you want to give it a shot.

Handmade Rugs: A Textile Art

Carpet weaving has been practiced for thousands of years and is an ancient art form. Inscriptions from the ancient period of the Persian Empire talk of the exquisite carpets that were woven in the region that is now known as modern-day Iran. These beautiful carpets crossed the Silk Road and were displayed in the palaces of nobility throughout Eurasia and the Middle East. The Pazyryk Carpet, the world’s oldest surviving carpet, was discovered in a tomb in Siberia and is now known as the Pazyryk Carpet.

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Carpets manufactured by contemporary artisans in the Middle East are still stunning works of art today.

Rasam Arabzadeh is a modern carpet artist who works in a variety of mediums.

Music of the Middle East

Carpet weaving has been practiced for hundreds of years and is an art form in its own right.. Persian Empire records mention exquisite carpets that were woven in what is now the country of Iran, and these rugs are still in existence today. Ornate carpets like this crossed the Silk Road and were used to decorate the residences of European aristocrats. The Pazyryk Carpet, which was discovered in a tomb in Siberia, is the world’s oldest carpet still in existence. Historically, it was built about 500 BC and made use of techniques that have led scholars to believe it was of Persian origin.

For their creations, they employ historical procedures and natural, traditional colours.

In order to connect the old cultural history to the new and ever-changing world of today, he employs classic carpet techniques to create carpets with contemporary themes.

Share Your Family’s Middle Eastern Art on FamilySearch

In your everyday life, do you come across any instances of Middle Eastern art? It’s possible that your family possesses a handcrafted rug or that you know how to play a traditional instrument—or that you have an ancestor’s calligraphic writing in your possession! Whatever art has had an impact on your life, upload it to FamilySearch Memories to preserve your and your ancestors’ abilities!

Music in the Middle East

Music is a common component among the people of the Middle East and North Africa, despite the fact that the region is frequently divided by political, ideological, and sectarian strife (MENA). Those who are fluent in the language of the spirit and the heart are well-known across the region, and their fame endures long after the lives of the composers, singers, and musicians have passed away. If you are in your nation or overseas, you will be joined by Umm Kulthum (Egypt), Mohammed Abdu (Saudi Arabia), Lutfi Bushnaq (Tunisia), Fairouz (Lebanon), Nazem al-Ghazali (Iraq), and a long list of other people and organizations.

  1. Fanack is a multimedia production company based in Cairo, Egypt.
  2. According to scholars, music in the Middle East was derived from the melodies and rhymes that tribes and clans would sing to each other at night when traveling around the region.
  3. In addition to their rhymes, the words of songs carried a great deal of meaning.
  4. The Bedouin tribes were also responsible for transporting cultural messages from and to nearby villages.
  5. Despite the language and cultural diversity that have been connected with it, this music has melded into an one magnificent legacy, owing to Islam, which has served as its uniting factor.
  6. This was restricted to Athan and Quran reading in general, and these rites were accompanied by musical gestures (without thinking it to be pure music in its core).
  7. During the Abbasid Caliphate, the contributions of Ziryab helped to considerably advance Middle-Eastern music through a series of modifications, which were made possible by the advent of Islam.
  8. As a result, the region entered a golden age of artistic riches and cultural advancement that would last for decades.
  9. Arabs have had extensive musical collectives, a documented and written musical history, and well-trained musicians and vocalists who have made musical life quite lively at the royal court, amongst other things.

During this time period, one of the most prominent artists was Abu-Nasr Al-Farabi, who was instrumental in the formation of the musical tradition in the Islamic world through his work “Kitab al-Musiqa al-Kabir.” Historically, the Ottoman Empire was one of the most prestigious times in terms of musical culture, and it continues to be so today.

The systematization of their music was one of the most significant musical developments to occur throughout the thirteenth-century period.

Traditional Middle Eastern Music and Islamic Music

Music from the Middle East, particularly traditional Middle Eastern music and Islamic music The Arab-Persian legacy and the strong influence of Islam are at the heart of the Middle East’s traditional music, which, despite its variety, has some aspects in common with music from other parts of the world. Islam’s origins, teachings, and growth are all covered. The origins, teachings, and historical evolution of Islam, which is considered to be the defining religion of the Near and Middle East (and hence its music), may be valuable for a better understanding of the cultural and spiritual traditions of the Near and Middle East (and thus its music).

  • Muslims believe that the Arab prophet Muhammad was born in the city of Makka -Mecca in approximately 570 AD and that Islam was founded by him.
  • Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad’s prophetic calling and enlightenment occurred at the age of 40, when an angel Gabriel came to him while sitting in a cave on Mount Hira and instructed him to recite the Quran (Qur’an), which is Allah’s divinely inspired word.
  • In this God, there are no shapes or sorts; he is the creator of everything, omniscient and almighty, and he sits as the ultimate judge over all individuals.
  • Muslim devotion to Islam is based on the most obvious of facts: Islam is a purely monotheistic religion of submission to which Muslims unreservedly surrender.
  • Muhammad was on the earth from 610 until his death in 632, delivering God’s word.
  • Therefore, the Qur’an came into being, which includes the “real and unchained” word of God to the people, contained in 114 chapters (suras) that explain what to do and how to live.
  • Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, the merciful, the compassionate, the merciful, the merciful, the merciful, the merciful, the merciful, the merciful, the merciful!
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Thank you!” Despite the fact that the Qur’an is written in cultured classical Arabic, some Orthodox Muslims do not acknowledge its translations into other languages, claiming that such translations alter the “true divine meaning.” Muhammad and his students, of course, drew on some of the previous religious teachings in developing the text of the Qur’an, particularly the Old Testament, the Torah, and, to a lesser extent, the New Testament, in order to create the Qur’an (Gospels).

  1. In many ways, however, the Qur’an differs fundamentally from the Bible; for example, it does not acknowledge the notion of the Holy Trinity, and Jesus is merely one of the prophets, whereas the Bible recognizes all six prophets.
  2. The term “Muslimthen” refers to a person who confesses Islam and adheres to its teachings.
  3. A Muslim’s entire life is governed by Sharia (the “way to the Source” – life), which is founded on the principles of the Qur’an and controls both his religious and civic activities.
  4. In the daily life of Muslims, there are five ritual activities that are performed: The Shahada’s confession: “There is no deity but Allah, and Muhammad is Allah’s Prophet” is repeated here.
  5. Five times a day, pray in the direction of Mecca.
  6. Donate a set proportion of your earnings to a charitable organization.
  7. Keep the mandated fast, which is especially important during Ramadan.
  8. At the very least, make a trip to Mecca once in your lifetime.
  9. Mosques are often distinguished by their imposing appearance and beautiful decorative embellishment.

Muhammad suffered misunderstanding and persecution at Mecca during the early years of his prophetic ministry, and as a result, in 622, he fled to Jatrib, which later became known as al-Madin – the city of the prophet -Medina, which means “the city of the prophet.” This historic year for Muslims is often regarded as the start of the Islamic period, which began in 632 CE.

  1. The ancient sanctuary of the Kaaba, which Muhammad dedicated to Allah, serves as the spiritual heart of the Muslim holy city of Mecca and serves as its religious focal point.
  2. As a result of Muhammad’s unexpected death in 632, disagreements erupted over the succession (caliphate) in both the religious and secular spheres: whether the prophet’s successor should be the ruler – the caliph orcaliph, or if the heir of religion should be theimam.
  3. Sunni Muslims have embraced the concept of a democratically elected position.
  4. The Sunni branch of Islam continues to represent a moderate orientation that is open to tolerance and advancement until the current day.
  5. Hasan and Hussein, Muhammad’s grandchildren, were born as a result of their union.
  6. The death of his son Hassan followed, and his brother Hussein was appointed as the next imam, but he was assassinated in 680 as well.
  7. It is their belief that Ali and his successors are real and infallible instructors who possess divine skills.

There has long been a connection between Shiites (or those who exploit their misguided religious fervor and intolerance) and acts of violence and resistance to development in the Arab world.

The Islamic Church, in contrast to the Catholic Church, was significantly more tolerant to religions other than Christianity during the Middle Ages, which is noteworthy.

In India, for example, the Mughal Empire was well-known for its peaceful cohabitation with Hindus.

Islamic mysticism, which grew into a movement known as Sufism, was extremely influential in the growth of Islam and the preservation of its cultural history.

Due to the fact that these mystics dressed in plain woolen garments in contrast to the showy secular apparel, the term “Sufi” is derived from the Arabic word “Sufi,” which means “wool.” …………………………………………………………………………

  • Azan(adhan) -singing calling of muezines from minarets accompanied by a drumbeat. “Allah is wonderful!”
  • “I admit that there are no deities outside of Allah and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah”
  • “Up to prayer!”
  • “Up to a good task!”
  • “Allah is awesome!” It is customary to repeat each call two or three times. Kas da is a traditional poetry form
  • M�vashah-anthemicunit
  • In the Sufi tradition, Zikhr (or Zikhra) is an exalting religious ritual linked with hymns of praise for God, the Prophet Muhammad, and the renowned Soy saints. Religious hymns from the Mavala period. Songs sung by the Ilahi choir Quavali-Sufi songs are sung in this style. Epics are heroic or love stories that are sung aloud. Central Asia is the region where they are most common. The epicKeroglu is the most well-known of them.
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Instruments of Middle Eastern music that have been passed down through generations Ney- oriental reed or bamboo longitudinal flute with 6 front and 1 rear holes, available in a variety of lengths (up to about 60 cm). It is said to have originated in ancient Egypt and is now found across the Middle East, where it is considered to be one of the fundamental instruments of the Persian-Arabic musical heritage. The traditional Arabic lute is on the way out. Tanbura is a lute with a long neck. Kanun is a multi-stringed zither from Turkey (75 strings) Kemence is a tiny violin that is played similarly to a cello.

Some typical instruments of traditional Middle Eastern music:
TarahKemenceRabab Ney- flutes of various lengthsKanun
Out Tombak

In Dervish rituals, Tombak (also known as DumbekorZarb) is a single-membrane vertical drum, which is sometimes accompanied with a big flat Persian frame drum known as Dafceramic body. Zikr Mazhar is a single-membrane drum played by men. Kudim is a tiny timpani instrument. Clavichords (Halile) Dutar is a double-stringed lute from Central Asia. Satij Gijak performs with string instruments. In Iran, Azerbaijan, and Armenia, the T r-lute is a long-necked lute that is popular. Rabab is a traditional Persian-Afghan lute with five main strings and thirteen sympathetic strings, as well as sliding frets, and it is played with a bow.

  1. It is believed that an IndianSarodevolved from a rabab…
  2. Hossein Omoumi plays the ney flute; Tombak plays the daf; Madjid Khaladj plays the daf.
  3. Sima Bina sings, while Hossein Omoumi plays the ney flute.
  4. Madjid Khaladj is the author of the Tombak.
  5. Tariqua is the music of Turkish singing dervishes, and it is a type of folk music.
  6. Samir and Visar take the lute to Jumbar Maval, a collection of mysterious Egyptian tunes.
  7. Abida Keroglu sings Turkmen epic songs, and more will be added in the future.

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In Dervish rituals, Tombak (also known as DumbekorZarb) is a single-membrane vertical drum, which is sometimes accompanied with a big flat Persian frame drum called Dafceramic body. Single-membrane drum called Zikr Mazhar A miniature timpani instrument known as a Kudim. Climaxes (Halile): Dutar is a two-stringed lute from Central Asia. Instruments of the stringed variety by Satij Gijak It is common in Iran, Azerbaijan, and Armenia to play the tr-lute, which is long-necked. It has sliding frets and has five main strings and thirteen sympathetic strings, like a traditional Persian-Afghan lute.

A rabab was the ancestor of an IndianSarod.

Dastgah, Asfahar, and Esfahan style Persian vocal-instrumental classical music Sima Bina sings; Hossein Omoumi plays the ney flute.

Madjid Khaladj is the author of the Tombak (The Tomb).

Tariqua is the Turkish music of singing dervishes. Sam Tamas is a Palestinian musician and composer. Samir and Visar take the lute to Jumbar Maval, an Egyptian magical song. Sufi tunes quavali by Baba Bulehah The following songs will be added: Abida Keroglu-Turkmen epic tunes Ullmann, Vojtech

NP Posted

Tombak (also known asDumbekorZarb) – single-membrane vertical drum, frequently with Dafceramic body – big flat Persian frame drum, widely used in Dervish rituals Drum with a single membrane (Zikr Mazhar) Kudim – a tiny timpani instrument Cymbals (Halile) The dutar is a double-stringed lute from Central Asia. Satij Gijak is a string instrument player. T r – a long-necked lute that is common in Iran, Azerbaijan, and Armenia, and Rabab is a traditional Persian-Afghan lute with 5 main strings and 13 sympathetic strings, as well as sliding frets.

  • The lute is used for the ringing strumming that is hallmark of Arabic music.
  • Dastgah and Avaz style Persian classical instrumental music Hossein Omoumi plays the ney flute, while Tombak and Daf are played by Madjid Khaladj.
  • Madjid Der is a tar.
  • Azan-Muezins from the Syrian city of Aleppo.
  • Tamas is a Palestinian band that performs music.
  • Qavaali Sufi Songs by Baba Bulehah Abida Keroglu sings Turkmen epic tunes, and more will be added.

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