Oceanic music and dance – Hawaii
“Hawaiian music,” as it is often known, is the consequence of acculturation that began in the early nineteenth century and was considerably boosted by the introduction (about 1820) of Christian hymn melodies to the islands. In Hawaii, theukulele, which is so intimately associated with this almost totally Western style of singing, is a local variant of the Portuguesebragha, a miniature guitar that was brought to the island in 1879. An version of the European guitar with metal strings (known as the Hawaiian or steel guitar), it is played by stopping the strings with a metal bar (also known as the steel guitar).
What has been defined as common Polynesian features are evident in their artistic traits, which are well within the scope of the genre.
Acculturation, which began in the early nineteenth century and was significantly aided by the introduction of Christian hymn melodies (c. 1820), resulted in what is commonly referred to as “Hawaiian music.” When it comes to this almost exclusively Western style of singing, theukulele is a local variation of the Portuguesebragha, a miniature guitar that was brought to Hawaii in approximately 1879. An version of the European guitar with metal strings (known as the Hawaiian or steel guitar), it is played by stopping the strings with a metal bar (known as the Hawaiian or steel guitar).
What has been defined as common Polynesian features are evident in their aesthetic traits, which are within acceptable boundaries.
Despite having lost much of their instrumental music to acculturation, the Maori of New Zealand have kept many of their ancient chants and dances, which are categorised according to their purpose and the contents of the text. For example, lullabies, laments, incantations, love songs, historical or genealogical recitations (patere), and dancing songs are some of the more well-known forms of music in New Zealand (haka). Their recitation or singing is either done with exaggerated vocalizations or on restricted melodic lines that undulate around a center tone (oro).
Any polyphony in a performance is seen as a flaw in the execution.
As a result, chants are typically sung by two or more vocalists who alternate taking breaths at different points throughout the performance.
Compared to any other region of the world, western Polynesia’s musical traditions are more known than those of any other region. Music of Samoa, Tonga, Bellona Island (an outlying Polynesian territory in the Solomon Islands), Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna, and Tuvalu is the subject of descriptive monographs accessible from the library. Western Polynesia may be distinguished as a distinct musical province within Polynesia because of the high degree of stylistic and terminological consistency that exists amongst the islands.
- No specific accounts of dances have been found, but the vocal techniques included recitation in heightened speech and chant with drone polyphony (which was popular across Polynesia) and triadic melodies matching those of the Solomon Islands.
- Pentatonic Christian melodies were presented by them, which were marked by two-part contrapuntal polyphony that resulted from overlapping antiphony (contrasting groups of singers).
- By 1900, it appears to have established itself as the main musical style in Tuvalu, including both religious and secular subjects.
- By 1960, four-part harmony was the practically exclusive form of church, school, and dancing melodies, with the exception of a few exceptions.
- Traditional practices are being practiced today by members of the elder generations, despite the fact that there has been some outside interest that has spurred a tiny revival movement.
Dieter Christensen is a Danish architect and designer. Adrienne L. Kaeppler’s full name is Adrienne L. Kaeppler Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica
Na Leo Hawai’i: Musics of Hawai’i
Soundscapes Japanese and Korean music is popular in Hawai’i. Asians and Pacific Islanders make up the bulk of the population of the Hawaiian islands. Music has always played a crucial part in the lives of all of these groups. Mele, or chanting, was the most significant method of preserving the memory of gods and the actions of strong individuals in early Hawai’ian history. Today, Hawaiians continue to utilize music to define themselves and to celebrate aloha ‘aina, or love of the land, as well as to express their cultural identity.
The first Hawaiians recorded their literature via memory rather than writing, according to historians. They created and preserved an enormous oral legacy, a body of literature that included every aspect of Hawaiian culture and history. Mele, or ancient Polynesian and Hawaiian chants, preserved thousands of years of ancient Polynesian and Hawaiian history. Besides recording the daily lives of the Hawaiian people, chants also captured their love of the land, their sense of comedy or tragedy, and the heroic character of their leaders.
Mele oli andmele hula are the two broad types into which they may be divided.
Mele oli also relates myths and folklore, as well as recounting historical occurrences.
Introduced to Hawaii in the nineteenth century, Western string instruments and Christian hymns (orhimeni), orhimeni, changed older forms of Hawaiian music and offered ingredients for the development of new musical genres. Congregationalist missionary Hiram Bingham established “singing schools” at the location of Kawaiaha’o Church on the island of Oahu around 1820, according to historical records. He taught native Hawaiians how to sing Western hymns and Western music. They stressed communal singing, with everyone actively participating rather than passively listening to a selected choir, as was the case at these “singing schools.” In the tradition of Protestant hymns, the Reverend Bingham and others produced Hawaiian hymns using previously composed tunes, often copying a whole song from another source.
Himeni have managed to keep the beauty of the Hawaiian language alive.
Hawaiian cowboys from Spain and Mexico who worked on the various cattle ranches scattered around the islands were the first to introduce the guitar to the islands. ‘Alu’ brought with them a playing style that had an impact on the evolution of the game (slack-key guitar). Slack-key guitar is considered by some to be as important in Hawaii as the flamenco guitar is in Spain and the Delta blues guitar is in Mississippi. Music played in the slack key is a distinctively Hawaiian blend of traditional Hawaiian vocal techniques and elements of Western music that is only found in Hawaii.
When strummed, the six strings of a slack-key guitar are loosened, or “slackened,” resulting in an open chord when strummed. Without the use of tablature or charts, this extraordinary and innovative technique is usually learnt by imitation.
Hawaiian music places a strong emphasis on the voice. Many Hawaiian songs incorporate falsetto, which is referred to as leo ki’eki’e, a phrase that was first used in Hawaiian in 1973. Falsetto singing, which is most commonly employed by men, is a technique that allows them to sing notes that are above their normal vocal range. During the shift from the standard vocal register to the falsetto range, the voice makes a distinctive break that distinguishes it. In Western falsetto singing, the singer strives to make the transition between registers as seamless as possible while maintaining the highest possible pitch.
Yodeling is a technique in which the vocalist exaggerates the break by repeating it again and over.
Given that a comparable split between registers, known as the ha’iha’i, is utilized as an ornament in some ancient chanting techniques, the falsetto may have been a natural and pleasant vocal technique for early Hawaiians.
The establishment of a plantation-based economy brought various ethnic groups to Hawaii, each with its own musical traditions to share with the community. Immigrants from Puerto Rico, Portugal, China, Okinawa, Korea, Japan, and the Philippines were among those who came to the United States. Each of these immigrant cultures has made a contribution to the cultural life of the islands by performing their music at gatherings for the community. The samples on the right show how music from Japan, Puerto Rico, and China has influenced the soundscape of Hawaii in positive ways.
The Evolution Of Native Hawaiian Music
The emergence of a plantation-based economy brought additional ethnic groups to Hawaii, each with its own musical traditions to share. Immigration from countries such as the United States and Puerto Rico; Portugal; China; Okinawa; Korea; Japan; and the Philippines; were among those who arrived. Each of these immigrant cultures has made a contribution to the cultural life of the islands by performing their music at events for the local community. The samples on the right show how music from Japan, Puerto Rico, and China has influenced the soundscape of Hawaii in various ways.
Hawaiian music, like many other types of music, has its beginnings in chants that were enhanced by the pounding of drums from centuries ago. Early Hawaiians would recite and repeat historical stories in a rhythmic chant in an attempt to preserve the cultural past passed down from their ancestors. This made the stories easier to recall and therefore repeat, and it also made the stories easier to remember and repeat. Given that these stories predates written communication by hundreds, if not thousands, of years, this “gimmick” for recalling the stories was quite essential indeed.
In Hawaii, the first instruments were gourds and drums made from hollowed-out logs with shark skins wrapped over them, which were then played with sticks.
The origins of Hawaiian music are unknown before the mid-to-late 1800s, according to historical records.
A Portuguese immigrant named Joao Fernandes is said to have had such mastery of this instrument that observers would describe his fingers as “flying around the fretboard like tiny fleas.” As a result, the Hawaiian successor to the braguinha was given the name uke, which means “jumping fleas” in Hawaiian.
The guitar, which was brought to the Big Island by not only the Portuguese but also the Mexican Caballeros, who came to tend livestock and earned the title of “Paniolo” in the process.
One Island variant is the slack key guitar, a tuning and playing technique that originated in the Islands and has garnered followers all over the world.
The tale behind the steel guitar was that a sailor attempted to compress and slide over the strings with his comb, and as a result, produced a pleasing sound in the process.
The popularity of Hawaiian music would skyrocket when English words were set to Hawaiian rhythm and instrumentation, giving rise to the most well-known genre of Hawaiian music, known as “Hapa Haole.” Although original Hawaiian music was performed in the Hawaiian language, its popularity would skyrocket when English words were set to Hawaiian rhythm and instrumentation, giving rise to the most well-known genre of Hawaiian music, known as “Hapa Haole.” When a radio show called “Hawaii Calls,” hosted by Webley Edwards and broadcasting from the Moana Hotel in Waikiki, first went on the airwaves in the 1930s, it did two things: it increased the number of tourists visiting the islands and it brought Hawaiian music into the living rooms of thousands of people on the mainland of the United States of America.
Hawaii Music: Traditions and Styles
Art and Entertainment in HawaiiMusical Instruments Over the ages, the traditions and styles of Hawaiian music have changed and developed.
Hawaii Music: Traditions and Styles
The music of the Hawaiian islands has been influenced by the cultures of a wide range of diverse ethnic groups over the centuries. Previously to the entrance of Europeans, the Polynesians had developed their own traditions of song and dance, which were mostly employed for religious celebrations. Various instruments and song styles were introduced to the islands by Europeans when they first arrived, and these eventually shaped the sounds of Hawaiian music.
Ancient Hawaiian folk music served a variety of functions, including praising the gods and goddesses, distinguishing ancestry (mele koihonua), and recounting mythical stories, among others. When the Hawaiian language was first encountered by Europeans, the wordmele referred to any artistic utterance; nevertheless, it now properly translates as “song.” Folk music was frequently performed in conjunction with games, festivals, and other joyous occasions. They were used to communicate a variety of feelings, such as concern about something, affection, or to request a favor from someone.
Mele inoa (for naming a kid), Mele pule (for praying), and Mele he’e nalu (for surfing) are all examples of chants that may be utilized in the Hawaiian culture.
Cultural performances such as ormele oli andmele hula were featured in religious events, as well as music and dance.
There were strict restrictions maintained during the mele chants, and the mele performers (haku mele) were composers who received considerable training before giving their performances to the assembled crowd of people.
Modern Music Styles
Hawaiians have long preferred their own musical genres, but they have also been open to music from other parts of the world.
- Jazz has become so popular in the Hawaiian islands that an annual festival dedicated to this musical genre is held on the islands every year. The following are some of the most renowned Hawaiian jazz musicians: Gabe Baltazar (sax), Robert Shinoda, Tim Tsukiyama, DeShannon Higa (trumpet), Danny Del Negro, Abe Weistein (sax), David Choy (saxophone), Rich Crandall (piano), Abe Lagrimas Jr. (drums), John Kolivas (bass), and Adam Baron (drums). Hawaiian hip hop was initially introduced to the Hawaiian islands in the early 1980s, when hip hop music began to gain popularity in other parts of the world. Hawaii’s A.M. radio station began broadcasting hip hop music during prime time on January 1, 2011. Various radio personalities, notably Kavet the Catalyst of the LightSleepers camp, who held a radio program at the University of Hawaii, made efforts to keep Hawaiian hip hop on the airwaves
- Kavet the Catalyst of the LightSleepers camp
- And Kavet the Catalyst of the LightSleepers camp. Jawaiiani is a type of Hawaiian reggae music that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s and early 1970s and spread across the islands. In recent years, the genre of reggae music has gained enormous popularity around the world. When reggae music became popular in the 1990s, Hawaiians and other islanders began incorporating it into their traditional music. By the end of the decade, Jawaiian music had gained such widespread popularity that it had come to dominate the islands’ music scene.
Hawaii commemorates its musical traditions and many musical genres by hosting a variety of musical events and festivals throughout the year, which are listed below. Here are some of the most well-known music events that take place on the Aloha Islands every year:
- The Merry Monarch Music Festival is an international meeting of hula groups from all around the world. Steel Drum Festivals: The Big Island Slack Key Guitar Festival, the Steel Guitar Association Festival, and the Gabby Pahinui/Atta Isaacs Slack Key Guitar Festival are all held on the Big Island of Hawaii. A prominent musical festival that attracts a large number of tourists and visitors to the Hawaiian islands during the month of April is known as Aloha Week. The Moloka’i Music Festival, which takes place around Labor Day and is popular with both locals and visitors. The Hawaii International Jazz Festival, which began in 1993 and takes place on the Hawaiian islands of Maui, Kauai, and Oahu, presents performers from across the world.
Hula groups from all over the world come together for the Merry Monarch Music Festival. Steel Drum Festivals: The Big Island Slack Key Guitar Festival, the Steel Guitar Association Festival, and the Gabby Pahinui/Atta Isaacs Slack Key Guitar Festival are all held on the Big Island of Hawaii; It is during the month of April that Aloha Week takes place, a celebrated musical festival that brings a large number of tourists and visitors to the islands. When the Moloka’i Music Festival takes place during Labor Day weekend, it is quite popular with both locals and visitors alike.
This festival, which was established in 1993 and takes place on the Hawaiian islands of Maui, Kauai, and Oahu, showcases acts from across the world.
Hawaiian Culture and Music – 793 Words
Hawaiian is one of a kind among the fifty states, particularly in terms of its indigenous music tradition, which is still performed and continues to attract audiences to this day. Sacred chanting, song, and dance in Hawaii are not only important aspects of daily life on the island, but they have also emerged as cultural icons and deep representations of nature and religion in the state. Hawaii has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the arrival of early Polynesian inhabitants who carried their cultures and religions with them to the islands.
- Hawaii was first colonized by Polynesian pioneers as early as the fourth millennium BCE…
- The pantheon of gods consisted of a few important deities, among which were Kane, Ku, Kanaloa, and lono, among others.
- They are frequently included into worship services and are utilized in conjunction with dancing to exalt the spirits of the natural world who live there.
- She is also known as the goddess of fire and volcanoes, and as a result of this, she is greatly venerated in the Hawaiian tradition.
- It wasn’t until the contemporary era, when Western influences began to develop and visitors began to flock to the country, that music began to be enjoyed for recreational purposes.
- When it comes to songs or pieces, oli and mele are the terms used to describe them; there are two basic sorts of meles.
- These melodies (meles) have been passed down by oral tradition for hundreds of years, and the chanting in these meles may be distinguished by the use of tremolo (small, quick fluctuations in pitch), as well as a deep vocal tone, among other characteristics.
Hawaiian Music and Dances
Traditional and more recent popular types of Hawaiian music are represented, ranging from native folk to rock to hip hop. Hawaiian music has played an important role in the history and culture of the islands. Although it is a smaller state than the rest of the United States, Hawaii has made a significant musical contribution to the country and the globe at large, introducing traditional forms such as slack-key guitar to the rest of the world and producing several soundtracks for Hollywood films.
A significant portion of traditional Hawaiian music is represented through chanting.
It has long been assumed that Hawaiian music had a significant effect on the unification of the other Polynesian islands.
The Merrie Monarch Hula Festival, the Big Island Slack Key Guitar Festival, the Gabby Pahinui/Atta Isaacs Slack Key Guitar Festival, the Steel Guitar Association Festival, as well as Aloha Week and the Moloka’i Music Festival, are just a few of the festivals and events that take place throughout the year to celebrate Hawaiian music.
The ukulele, a tiny guitar-like instrument that can be played with either finger picking or strumming techniques, is perhaps the most well-known of the instruments used in Hawaiian music.
However, because of its widespread popularity and historical association with the Hawaiian people and culture, it has come to be recognized as a form of music that is uniquely associated with the islands.
Ukuleles are available in four sizes: soprano, concert, tenor, and baritone. Ukuleles are also available in a variety of colors.