March on the Pentagon – Wikipedia
|March on the Pentagon|
|Part of theOpposition to the Vietnam War|
|Protesters face troops guarding the Pentagon|
|Date||October 21, 1967|
|Location||Washington D.C.,United States|
|Goals||Attempted levitation of the Pentagon|
|Resulted in||Protesters disbanded|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
- Committee for the Prohibition of Violent Extremism in the United States
- Abbie Hoffman, Allen Ginsberg, Jerry Rubin, Gary Snyder, and Michael Bowen are among the writers who have contributed to this collection.
In 1967, a major rally against the Vietnam War took place on the grounds of the Pentagon on October 21, 1967. More than 100,000 people turned out for a demonstration near the Lincoln Memorial as part of the protest. Later, around 50,000 people marched across the city to The Pentagon, resulting in a clash with paratroopers on duty at the Pentagon. The demonstrations were extremely controversial, and one of the most iconic photographs from the event was of a protester stuffing roses into a paratroopers’ gun.
Michael Bowen’s painting studio in San Francisco was the setting for a gathering of countercultural leaders commemorating the Human Be-In on the evening of January 14, 1967. Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, Timothy Leary, and Jerry Rubin were among the visitors in Bowen’s room that night. It would not be long before the small group came up with the idea of staging a protest march to the Pentagon, at which point Gary Snyder would suggest that the Pentagon needed to be exorcised and Michael Bowen would propose that the march’s goal should be to actually levitate the building; however, the plan would fall apart after that.
Having previously worked in the civil rights movement, Abbie Hoffmann just joined Mobe after a brief hiatus.
He was the only one in the meeting who asserted that the Pentagon would be really levitated, whilst the others just stated that it would be “levitated” for the sake of creating a sensation.
During a rally at the Lincoln Memorial on October 21, 1967, the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam officially launched the protest movement. The guests represented a varied range of socioeconomic classes, including middle-class professionals, clergy, hippies, and black activists. This was the first rally, which was sparked by a musical performance by counterculture folk singer Phil Ochs, and featured serious as well as humorous statements. When John Lewis of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) requested a moment of quiet in remembrance of Che Guevara, David Dellinger would declare the end of nonviolent protest to the Vietnam War.
Protesters marched from the Lincoln Memorial to the Pentagon, where they were met by police.
Abbie Hoffman, not to be deterred, pledged to levitate the Pentagon, stating that he would attempt to utilize psychic energy to elevate the Pentagon until it became orange and began to vibrate, at which point the Vietnam War would come to an end.
Some demonstrators attempted to surge into the Pentagon, but were stopped by security. After then, tear gas and rifle butts were deployed to disperse the throng. Protesters clashed with troops using bayonets for hours before forces drove the majority of them out after midnight.
- Protesters moving through the streets. A demonstrator presents a flower to a trooper
- A protester is being removed from the scene by US Marshals. Activists huddled around a bonfire on the Capitol Mall
- “How this anti-Vietnam War demonstration in 1967 sowed the roots of American polarization.” The Guardian, published on October 21, 2017. On November 3, 2020, it was retrieved
- The day that the Pentagon was supposed to launch into space had come and gone. Archived via the Wayback Machine on December 19, 2005
- Abcd A rag-tag group of acid-dropping activists attempted to “levitate” the Pentagon fifty years ago.ab”Fifty Years Ago, a Rag-Tag Group of Acid-Dropping Activists Tried to “Levitate” the Pentagon.” The Smithsonian Institution, published on October 20, 2017. Obtainable on November 3, 2020
- Ab Klaus Fischer is the author of this work (2006). America shown in three colors: white, black, and gray The turbulent decade of the 1960s. P. 196 of Continuum International Publishing Group’s publication
- Peter Braunstein is a well-known author and journalist (2004). Legacy Publishing, p. 16.ISBN141271009X
- Abc It was “the day before the Pentagon was scheduled to launch into space”. December 19, 2005, courtesy of American Heritage. The original version of this article was published on December 19, 2005. The date was April 10, 2017. bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- “Abbie Hoffman.” Teaching.com. 1997. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- On February 7, 2006, the original version of this article was archived. 1 April 2006
- Retrieved 1 April 2006
I Defended the Pentagon in 1967, but I Was Torn Between Duty and Conscience (Published 2018)
During the month of October 1967, simmering hostilities erupted in the United States on two significant sociopolitical fronts: liberal civil rights activists were engaged in a battle with conservative segregationists, while antiwar demonstrators took to the streets to call on President Lyndon B. Johnson’s administration to bring the Vietnam War to an end. Demonstrators in their twenties and thirties from coast to coast adopted the most iconic chant of the year: “Hey, hey, L.B.J., how many children did you kill today?” An oral history of the March on the Pentagon was published in The New York Times on Oct.
- Afterward, I went back and reread the entire thing from beginning to end.
- Bob Gregson was another interview subject.
- My attention was drawn to the installation in part because it operated like a time machine, sending me back five decades in space and time.
- Gregson was my commanding officer on that particular day, albeit he was not the officer who was engaged in the incident that would have such a lasting influence on my brief military service.
- Gregson probably didn’t have me in mind when he wrote it, but I might have served as a poster boy for those antiwar sentiments.
- For several months before to the Pentagon incident, we men in the Old Guard were constantly admonished by our noncommissioned officers, who instilled in us the belief that antiwar demonstrations in general were inherently disloyal and anti-American acts.
- My approach was to present a corrected story to everyone in my organization who was ready to listen.
Some of my platoonmates, who were unconvinced by my perspective, appeared to be looking forward to going head to head with the demonstrators.
A mystical phrase chanting by demonstrators, according to activists Abbie Hoffman and Beat poet Allen Ginsberg, will force the Pentagon to be ejected from its foundations.
They were well-versed in the art of drawing media attention, and they understood how an absurd assertion might gather a throng.
It was surrounded by barbed wire and guarded by sentinels.
The drill sergeant issued his commands via an olive-drab bullhorn, saying, “Advance, advance.” Do not step forward with your left foot.
The rest of us moved forward with our guns tucked close to our chests.
When individuals start acting out, the drill sergeant instructed us to use the bayonet and go for the hands first, then the belly, if necessary.
For them, there was a specific maneuver: a fast whack on the head with the buttstock of the rifle was all they needed.
Whenever we were called upon to protect the Pentagon from an external danger, we would be prepared to do it without hesitation.
By the time our truck convoy reached the Pentagon’s north parking lot, we could see that uniformed police officers had already ringed the structure.
My unit was a member of the M.P.s’ disaster relief team.
Initially, there were just a few clashes.
At one point in the afternoon, all of the major networks were in attendance — ABC, NBC, CBS, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and the BBC — and on both sides, the artists made at least some attempt to play well for the television viewers.
The majority of the time, it was pitch black.
Soon, two adolescent couples were laying a blanket at my feet.
She greeted hello and asked for a cigarette.
My lieutenant overheard us conversing and grabbed my arm, dragging me away from the front of the line.
Is that what you’re saying?” We were about ten yards away from them at this point, but his voice was loud enough for them to hear everything.
The Army has a heart.” I couldn’t keep a smile off my face.
“Pull yourself up by your bootstraps.
“Put your feet squarely beneath them and raise them up.” I couldn’t comprehend what was going on, but I moved forward, following the rest of the line and stopped only when my boots came into contact with the curved back of the girl who had previously asked me for a smoke.
After passing past our lines, one of the sergeants moved among the seated and sleeping protestors, urging them to step back away from his soldiers.
Some protestors backed off a little, but within a few minutes, we were back in the thick of things.
The girl was laying there, facing me, her arms now out of the sleeping bag, which was folded in front of her.
Then I felt the presence of an officer at my shoulder.
“Get away from this man’s weapon,” he screamed at the girl, his voice blazing in the process.
His boot slammed into the ground with force.
Two rapid steps are taken, and then the right foot kicks in with a deadly blow.
The girl’s body was arched back like a bow, and she let out a soprano groan as she did so.
Her eyes were wide open when she rolled over, and I could tell that she was in pain.
I broke ranks, turned around, and confronted him.
Those well-known phrases redirected his rage away from me and toward me.
The officer may not have realized the several levels of significance contained inside that phrase, but it was instantly apparent to me.
I was told to report to one of the approved rest locations, which happened to be a vast snack bar on the Pentagon’s lower ground floor.
Black wooden billy clubs and white helmets are strewn over the room, strewn on plastic chairs and tables that have accumulated.
I stood there and watched it all take place.
I stood there watching the gang to my left, wading through the throngs, stomping on blankets, kicking over crates, and homing in on a little bonfire on the outskirts of town.
It began in the darkness, far to the left, with only a few voices, far away to the left.
According to the demonstrators, one soldier dropped his gun and helmet and crossed over to their side of the line after having been in the wrong position at the wrong time.
Despite the fact that I was incompetent and even unwilling to protect the Pentagon against peace activists on that particular day, I was able to defend myself with the assistance of a few supporters among my fellow troops when I found myself in legal jeopardy for my activities.
As he claims, it is exactly what was written in the first military court-martial referral that was presented against me.
My company commander was informed of my communication with the A.C.L.U., and I explained that it was a precaution for my own protection that I had taken.
Colonel Conmy’s office, according to a friend of mine, was keen to avoid any negative press.
Colonel Conmy informed me personally that I would be moved to another position immediately and that I would be elevated to the rank of sergeant as a gesture of goodwill, which I later came to regard as a peace offering. I did not raise any objections; the matter is closed.
Military officials were unaware of potential danger to Pence’s ‘nuclear football’ during Capitol riot
During the violent Capitol insurrection on January 6, military officials in charge of overseeing the authorization process for nuclear weapons launches were unaware that Vice President Mike Pence’s military aide, who was carrying the “nuclear football,” was in danger as rioters got close to him, according to a defense official. The vice president is usually accompanied by a backup unit known as the “football,” which is equipped to carry out instructions to launch a nuclear attack. It must be available at all times and must be similar to the one carried by the president in the event that he becomes disabled.
- On Wednesday, Del.
- According to a video taken inside the Capitol, the throng can be heard yelling “Hang Mike Pence” as they stand at an open doorway.
- In the early hours of January 6, the military commander was able to keep control of the backup “football” at all times while the President was inside the White House, according to the official.
- Given that they never lost control of the “football” and that then-President Donald Trump was unharmed, there was no need to deactivate Vice President Mike Pence’s system.
- “The risk involved with the insurrectionists getting their hands on Pence’s football was not that they would launch an unlawful attack on the presidential candidate.
Reif went on to say that such a result would have constituted a security breach of “almost inconceivable magnitude.” This should raise more issues about the logic for keeping the football, which is a 20th-century anachronism.” In light of the sensitivity of nuclear weapons problems, the Pentagon has declined to comment on Vice President Mike Pence’s video.
In a statement to reporters, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said, “I would refrain from discussing particular command and control over nuclear strategic assets.” The Defense Department’s inspector general has been looking into the events of January 6, but it’s not clear whether the “football” incident is part of that investigation.
The presentation also included never-before-seen Capitol security video, body camera footage from the Washington Police Department, and police radio dispatches.
According to the presentation, it was the most comprehensive account yet of how the Capitol had been overtaken, as well as the tremendous threat that the rioters presented to everyone in the building, even the senators who are now serving as the jury in Trump’s impeachment trial, until now.
The films contained pictures of police officers being pummeled by the rioters, as well as photographs showing exactly how close the throng inside the Capitol had gotten to approaching members of the House of Representatives. Senate members exiting their chamber, with Capitol Police officers standing between them and protestors only a few feet away, were seen on CCTV tape shown by House administrators. Commentary from nuclear weapons policy specialist Kingston Reif has been included in this story’s revised version.
U.S. Marshals Service
This Week in Universal News: The March on the Pentagon, 1967
To October 21, 1967, an estimated 100,000 people assembled in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., to protest the Vietnam War and march on the Pentagon, according to historical records. The march, which was organized by the Nationwide Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, was the first significant national demonstration against the Vietnam War. Activists Abbie Hoffman, Allen Ginsberg, Ed Sanders, and Jerry Rubin planned an exorcism to coincide with the anti-war demonstration, which included signs, chants, and other elements typical of anti-war demonstrations.
- While the exorcism was primarily intended to serve as political theater, the group claimed to have met with authorities from the General Services Administration and secured authorization to try a three-foot levitation in the process (reduced dramatically from their original plan of 300 feet).
- While the daisies were intercepted and confiscated by the FBI at the airport, they played a role in one of the most memorable pictures of the late 1960s–that of a teenage demonstrator inserting a flower into the barrel of a National Guardsman’s gun.
- Hundreds of protestors were arrested and scores were taken to local hospitals by the time the demonstration came to a close.
- Despite the fact that it would be nearly seven years before the conflict in Vietnam came to an end, the march on the Pentagon had a long-lasting influence on public debates around the war.
- According to the release sheet: DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF WASHINGTON, D.C.
- Anti-war demonstrators march in a “three-hour parade across the Potomac” to the Pentagon to show their opposition to the war.
- The following are some facts about the NARA’s Universal Newsreel Collection: The Universal Newsreel Collection at the National Archives and Records Administration is one of the most frequently utilized motion picture collections in the country.
- Each release consisted of five to seven tales, each of which had an average of two minutes in duration.
The newsreels were left incomplete since many of the soundtracks were discarded by Universal, although supplemental information such as screenplays, shot lists, and event programs may be discovered in the production files, which are available for research at Archives II in College Park, Maryland.
More information on the Universal Newsreel Collection may be found in this post and in this Prologue piece. Other Universal Newsreels can be viewed in our research room, in the OPA, and on this playlist as well.
Getty Images is the source of this image. Following a storming of the Capitol building in Washington DC on the day when Congress was gathering to ratify Joe Biden’s election victory, the United States is in disarray. The mayhem that followed a pro-Trump demonstration outside the White House led lawmakers to seek refuge, and the facility was placed on lockdown. Four people died as a result of the ensuing chaos. Here’s a rundown of how everything went down on Wednesday afternoon.
Trump rallies supporters
Thousands of people gathered at the Ellipse, near the White House, just before noon local time (17:00 GMT) to hear President Barack Obama speak at a “Save America” rally just before midday. He informs them as follows: “In order to get there, we’ll be walking down Pennsylvania Avenue. as well as to the Capitol, where we will attempt to deliver… our Republicans, the weak ones, what they deserve. the type of dignity and confidence that they will require to retake our nation for ourselves.” Getty Images is the source of this image.
Clashes begin outside Capitol
Large crowds assemble at the Ellipse, near the White House, just before noon local time (17:00 GMT) to hear President Barack Obama speak at a “Save America” event. They are informed by him of the following: “We’ll take a stroll down Pennsylvania Avenue today. as well as to the Capitol, where we will attempt to provide… our Republicans, who are the most vulnerable. a sense of pride and self-assurance that will enable them to retake our nation” Getty Images is the image source. In as soon as the speech comes to a close, the masses begin to make their way towards the Congress building, which is around one mile and a half away, where they are greeted by police barriers.
Crowds break police lines
Thousands of people converge on the Ellipse, outside the White House, just before noon local time (17:00 GMT), to hear President Barack Obama speak at a “Save America” rally. He tells them the following: “We’ll take a stroll along Pennsylvania Avenue. and we’re going to the Capitol to attempt to provide… something to our Republicans, who are the weak ones. the type of dignity and confidence that they will require to retake our nation.” Getty Images is the source of the image. In as soon as the speech comes to a close, the masses begin to make their way towards the Congress building, which is around one mile and a half away, where they are greeted by police barriers.
Gunshots are claimed to have been heard within the building shortly before 15:00. Female protester is shot as she attempts to burst past the closed doors of the Speakers’ Lobby, according to photos and video footage released after the incident. The woman is subsequently claimed to have died despite efforts by police and others present at the site to save her life.
Protesters storm into the Senate chamber on the other side of the building, with one taking a seat in the Speaker’s chair, according to witnesses. Several more protesters were captured close, sitting in Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s office with his foot propped up against the table.
Trump, under pressure from demonstrators, asks for calm and tells them to go quietly after a swelling chorus of denunciation “Please return home. We adore you, and we think you’re incredibly unique.” By 17:40, the building has been removed and secured in preparation for the 18:00 curfew imposed by DC Mayor Muriel Bowser on the city. Several thousand National Guard troops, FBI officers, and members of the United States Secret Service have been dispatched to assist. Getty Images is the source of this image.
At 3:41 p.m.
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — “Pigs in a blanket, cook ’em like bacon,” said one group of protesters at a Black Lives Matter march conducted outside the Minnesota State Fair over the weekend, prompting some law enforcement authorities to believe the group was referring to police officers. According to an organizer behind the march, the group’s call to “cook cops like bacon” is still valid, and law enforcement officers are cherry-picking a 30-second segment of the song to take issue with an otherwise peaceful demonstration.
- The Harris County Sheriff’s Department According to Dave Titus, President of the St.
- Paul fairgrounds was said by participants.
- “I don’t believe that yelling or singing songs that are essentially advocating the execution of police officers is peaceful,” Titus stated.
- Paul, told the Associated Press on Monday that no one was inciting violence against police enforcement.
- Turner said that the outcry should not be focused on the group’s chant, but rather on recent police deaths of unarmed black men and women, such as those in Ferguson, Missouri, Cincinnati, and Baltimore, rather than on the chant itself.
- The organization is planned a demonstration outside the house of Gov.
- Turner stated that Dayton should apologize and address the concerns of the organization.
According to Turner, if the governor does not come out to speak with them, protestors intend to stop down traffic on Summit Avenue in St. Paul, Minnesota.
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THE CITY OF ST. PAUL, MN- “Pigs in a blanket, cook ’em like bacon,” said one group of protesters at a Black Lives Matter march conducted outside the Minnesota State Fair over the weekend, prompting some law enforcement officials to believe the group was referring to police officers. Although the march’s organizers have defended the group’s call to cook officers “like bacon,” they claim that law enforcement authorities are cherry-picking a 30-second segment of the march to take issue with an otherwise peaceful demonstration.
- Police Department of Harris County However, according to Dave Titus, President of the St.
- Paul on Saturday, the chant was stupid and ugly.
- It is hardly peaceful, in Titus’ opinion, for people to be singing or shouting slogans that promote the murdering of police officers.
- Paul leader Rashad Turner told the Associated Press that no one was inciting violence against law enforcement officers.
- Turner said that the outcry should not be focused on the group’s chant, but rather on recent police deaths of unarmed black men and women, such as those in Ferguson, Missouri, Cincinnati, and Baltimore, rather than on the chant itself.
- Mark Dayton, who called the organization’s plans for a fair protest “inappropriate” just a few days earlier.
- The governor’s mansion, according to a Dayton spokeswoman, is open to protests by any group that adheres to local rules.
The day anti-Vietnam War protesters tried to levitate the Pentagon
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) – “Pigs in a blanket, cook ’em like bacon,” said one group of protesters at a Black Lives Matter march conducted outside the Minnesota State Fair over the weekend, prompting some law enforcement authorities to believe the group was targeting police officers. Although the march’s organizers have defended the group’s call to cook officers “like bacon,” they claim that law enforcement authorities are cherry-picking a 30-second chant to take issue with an otherwise peaceful demonstration.
- Deputies from Harris County Sheriff’s Office Dave Titus, President of the St.
- Paul, the chant was both dumb and filthy.
- “I don’t believe that yelling or singing songs that are essentially advocating the assassination of police officers is peaceful,” Titus stated.
- Paul leader Rashad Turner told the Associated Press that no one was pushing for violence against police officers.
- Turner said that the outcry should not be focused on the group’s chant, but rather on recent police deaths of unarmed black men and women, such as those in Ferguson, Missouri, Cincinnati, and Baltimore, rather than on the slogan.
- The organization is planned a demonstration outside the house of Gov.
- Dayton, according to Turner, should apologize and address the group’s concerns.
According to a Dayton spokeswoman, any organization has the right to demonstrate outside the governor’s mansion as long as they adhere to local rules. Turner said protestors intend to close down Summit Avenue in St. Paul if the governor does not come out to speak with them.
Pentagon Didn’t Delay Aid to the Besieged Capitol on Jan. 6, Watchdog Says
According to an investigation by the Defense Department’s inspector general, the Pentagon responded correctly and did not postpone urgent calls for National Guard personnel when pro-Trump protesters burst into the United States Capitol on January 6. A report released Tuesday by the Inspector General found that ex-Department of Defense secretary Chris Miller and ex-Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy acted reasonably in “light of the circumstances that existed on that day” when they dispatched additional soldiers more than three hours after numerous calls for assistance poured in from Washington officials and other federal officials.
- According to the Associated Press, the commanding general of the D.C.
- Capitol Police, delaying assistance for hours when it could have been delivered in minutes if the Pentagon had responded immediately.
- The IG, on the other hand, found no evidence to substantiate the assertion.
- Read on: The Navy warns vaccine-refusing sailors that they have less than a week to get the shot or risk being discharged.
- “Specifically, we searched for a role or obligation for the Department of Defense to intervene preemptively in order to avoid or discourage what transpired later at the Capitol.
Following a rally by Trump, who falsely claimed that the presidential election had been rigged, hundreds of people marched to the Capitol, where they broke through sparsely guarded security barriers, smashed Capitol windows, assaulted police, and eventually forced their way into the Senate chamber and legislators’ offices.
- Rioters attacked 140 police officers and caused $1.5 million in damage to the Capitol building in a single day.
- As the chaos unfolded, the Pentagon and the District of Columbia National Guard began receiving calls for support and immediate assistance at 1:49 p.m., according to the Inspector General, who conducted interviews with senior military, U.S.
- At 2:20 p.m., Steven Sund, the former head of the Capitol Police, issued a formal request for National Guard assistance at the Capitol during a conference call with Army officials and representatives from the District of Columbia administration.
- At 3:04 p.m., Miller gave his approval for the activation of the D.C.
- McCarthy, on the other hand, proceeded to the Metropolitan Police Department headquarters in Washington, D.C., where he collaborated with authorities to develop a Guard deployment plan, which was promptly authorized by Miller at 4:32 p.m.
- Armory east of the Capitol at 5:15 p.m.
- Following that, the reaction force went to the Capitol, where it arrived at 5:55 p.m.
- Public criticism of the reaction in the days following the violence prompted officials to cast the finger at one another.
- In testimony before the House of Representatives in May, Miller stated that he stood by all of his actions from that day.
- Travis Tritten may be found on Twitter at @Travis Tritten.
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Vietnam War Protests at the White House
On November 1, 1963, a group of military officers toppled the government of South Vietnam and killed President Ngo Dinh Diem when he refused to resign—all with the implicit consent of the John F. Kennedy administration, which had been in power at the time. 1 However, while the United States has been involved in Vietnam since the Dwight Eisenhower administration, the escalation of the war during the 1960s and 1970s dominated national politics, tarnished the United States’ international reputation, and resulted in the deaths of 58,000 Americans and more than 3 million Vietnamese.
- Kennedy was slain only three weeks after the overthrow of the South Vietnamese government, his plans for the future of Vietnam remain a mystery to this day.
- 2 Former President Lyndon B.
- Even more concerning, Johnson and many of his aides were concerned about a widespread communist conspiracy in the broader context of the United States’ Cold War with the Soviet Union, which was at the time.
- By 1968, more than 500,000 troops had been sent to Vietnam.
- The discussions remained at a standstill, in part because then-presidential candidate Richard Nixon persuaded the South Vietnamese officials to refuse to accept an agreement until he was officially inaugurated as president.
- When the North Vietnamese took Saigon, the capital city of South Vietnam, the war was formally declared over two years after it began.
- Benjamin Spock, among others.
Johnson Presidential Library and Museum Please Show Me More From the very beginning of the war, there were people of the United States who were opposed to the participation of American armed forces in the battle.
Early protests were organized by peace activists who were opposed to American participation in foreign affairs during the Cold War, as well as students who were at risk of being drafted into the military.
The scale of the protests fluctuated from day to day, although the numbers occasionally rose to tens of thousands of participants.
6 When asked if they could hear the demonstrations from within the White House, the Johnsons admitted that they could.
In addition to the White House, protesters marched through the streets of Washington DC.
Employees at the White House have reportedly expressed concern over recurrent episodes of automobile damage, break-ins, and indecent exposure.
A mass fair on the South Grounds of the White House, organized by President Lyndon Johnson on June 14, 1965, was the highlight of the president’s first term.
Lowell canceled his presence at the event two weeks before it was scheduled in a highly known letter to President Johnson, citing the United States’ engagement in the Vietnam War as the reason.
8 On January 18, 1968, during a luncheon, Eartha Kitt addressed President Johnson with a question.
Johnson Presidential Library and Museum Please Show Me More Lowell was not the only entertainer to bring up the subject of politics when speaking with the first family.
Kitt spoke out in support of anti-Vietnam demonstrators during the event.
Johnson — we raise children and send them to war,” she said in her remarks about the Johnsons and the war: “They feel they are going to raise sons — and I know what it’s like, and you have children of your own, Mrs.
Next the meal, the Secret Service sought a report on Kitt’s background and ties, which was sent the following day.
9 On January 19, 1968, a group of anti-Vietnam War demonstrators marched in front of the White House in support of singer Eartha Kitt and her open opposition to the war in Vietnam.
Please Show Me More Activists staged demonstrations around the country, with schools and institutions serving as focal points of dissent.
Other demonstrators concentrated their efforts on draft offices, raiding offices, seizing draft cards, and setting them ablaze.
Unlike the early protests, which were primarily directed at the White House, later demonstrations were directed against Congress and the military.
They thought that if the president would not heed their pleadings, they might be able to persuade Congress to defund the war or exert influence over military strategy.
About half of the audience marched to the Pentagon following the rally, breaking through military policy lines and fighting their way into the Pentagon.
Please Show Me More After President Richard Nixon took office and proposed an expansion of the conflict into neighboring Cambodia in 1970, the demonstrations continued unabated.
The law was eventually passed.
The Secret Service asked for the authority to enforce the regulations and seek criminal charges against demonstrators who disobeyed the guidelines in order to protect the public.
Nixon glanced out the windows in the southwest corner of the White House during the early morning hours of May 9, 1970, and noticed a crowd of demonstrators assembled around the Washington Monument.
Following that, he spent an hour talking with demonstrators and listening to their points of view.
in early May 1971 with the slogan “If the government won’t stop the war, we’ll stop the government,” Nixon’s administration became the most vocal opponent of the war in the United States.
More than 25,000 protesters descended on the streets and erected makeshift barriers to stop vehicular movement.
While the demonstration did not prevent traffic from moving for long, the sheer scale of the demonstration compelled Nixon to speed the United States’ withdrawal from Vietnam.
National Geographic Service photographer James P.
Blair captured this image of a gathering of ladies protesting the Vietnam War outside the North Gate of the White House in June 1966, according to the photographer’s attribution. Washington, D.C.: The White House Historical Association, Inc. Please Show Me More
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