What Is A Haka Chant


Haka (Maori for “dance”) is a traditional Maori dance. Maoriposturedance is characterized by forceful rhythmic motions that include the full body, including swaying, slapping of the chest and thighs, stamping, and gestures of stylised aggression, among other things. When it is performed, there is usually some sort of chant accompanying it, as well as intimidating facial expressions such as bulging eyes and sticking out of the tongue. In spite of the fact that it is frequently connected with the traditional combat preparation of male warriors, haka may be performed by both men and women, and numerous variants of the dance serve social roles within Maori society.

One of the wives of the sun godTamanuite-ra, Hine-raumati, who symbolizes the essence of summer, had a son namedTane-rore, who is also known as Tane-rore the sage.

This light, fast movement is at the heart of allhaka, with the performers’ trembling hands in particular reflecting Tane-dance rore’s for his mother.

Examples of occasions forhaka in the modern age are birthdays, weddings, funerals, and other types of celebratory gatherings.

Since 1972, the performance of hakahas been one of the highlights of the hugely popularTe Matatiniperforming arts festival, which is held biennially in New Zealand and attracts thousands of visitors.

Located in Washington, D.C., the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection/Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-112686) The most well-known haka is “Ka Mate,” which was penned in 1820 by Maori chief Te Rauparaha and is still performed today.

John M.

What is the Haka, and why do the All Blacks perform it before every match?

Welsh rugby players will have the opportunity to confront the world-famous ‘Haka’ when they take on New Zealand in the autumn internationals. And they’ll have to be careful not to break any of World Rugby’s rules, after England was fined £2000 for doing so in 2019. 3 Large quantities of yelling are used in conjunction with the usage of the arms and legs in order to terrify the opponent during the Haka. Image courtesy of Getty Images

What are the lyrics to the Haka and is it always the same song?

In New Zealand, a song called Ka Mate, which is a Maori battle cry created in 1820 by a Maori chief named Te Rauparaha, was historically sung at all times. Until 1986, it was exclusively performed by the All Blacks in away matches, and it was the first time they did it in 1888. It is also done during high-profile funerals and to meet visiting foreign dignitaries, among other occasions. However, in 2005, they created a fresh version of the song called Kapa O Pango, which is only played by the All Blacks rugby team and is only performed during specific matches.

No one knows which variation of the Haka will be performed by New Zealand when they hit the field these days when they play a game. During the team’s performance of Kapa O Pango against South Africa, Read and Perenara were the leaders.

Ka Mate Maori Lyrics

Kikiki! Kakaka! Kualana kei waniwania, taku tarakei tarawahia, toku te rua toku toku toku toku toku toku toku! He pounga rahui te uiraka rarapa ketekete kau anaTo peru kairiri mau au e koro e! He pounga rahui te uiraka rarapa ketekete kau anaTo peru kairiri mau au e koro e! Hi! Ha! – If you have a wehi or ka matakana, then you should know that the rere ure tirohangang’ rua’ rerarerang’ rua kuri kakanui I raro! Aha! That’s right! Ka mate, ka mate! Ka ora, ka ora! Ka mate, ka mate! Ka mate! Ka mate!

  1. Ka ora!
  2. Ka mate!
  3. ka upane!
  4. ka upane!

Ka Mate English lyrics

Allow your courage to soar! Allow your valour to rage! We’ll keep these spectral hands at bay while still shielding our wives and children! When I’m fighting for thee, I defy the lightning bolts of hell while my opponents look on in disbelief! O God, to think that I would cower in the presence of a pack of wolves that were frightened or fleeing, for they would undoubtedly fall into the pit of humiliation and become food for the dogs who chow down in joy! Oh, what is it with the name…? It’s the end of the world!

  • (or: I’m about to die)’ ‘It’s life!
  • (or: I have a chance to live)’ It’s the end of the world!
  • It is the way of life!
  • Another step forward, and another stride forward!
  • The sun is shining!
  • Image courtesy of Getty Images – Getty Images

Kapa O Pango Maori lyrics

Kapa o pango kia whakawhenua au I ahau! Kapa o pango kia whakawhenua au I ahau! Hello, Aue! Hello, Aue! Ngunguru nei ko Aotearoa e ngunguru nei! ‘Au, au, aue ha!’ says the narrator. Ko Kapa o Pango e ngunguru nei! Ko Kapa o Pango e ngunguru nei! ‘Au, au, aue ha!’ says the narrator. I had a good laugh! Ihiihi ka tu te ihiihi The word “wanawana” means “new beginning” in Te Reo Mori. “Ka” means “new beginning,” “wanawana” means “wanawana,” and “wanawana” means “new beginning” in Te Reo Mori. Ponga ra, ponga!

Kapa o Pango, kapa o Pango!

Aue hey!

Kapa O Pango English lyrics

Please allow me to return to my first gulp of air. New Zealand is the one who is thundering right now. And now it is my turn! It’s my time to shine! The flames of desire are stoked! This is what distinguishes us as the All Blacks. And now it is my turn! It’s my time to shine! The excitement builds to a climax! Feel the force of it. Our domination is increasing, and our supremacy is emerging. to be elevated to a high position Silver Fern, indeed! All-Blacks on the field! Silver Fern, indeed! All-Blacks on the field!

Why were England fined for their response to the Haka?

When confronting the Haka, the vast majority of teams form a straight line on their own ten-metre line. England, on the other hand, lined up in a V shape for the semi-final and were fined £2000 for it. However, rather than being imposed because of their answer, the punishment was imposed because six Red Rose stars wandered over the halfway point of the competition.

“England have been penalised for a violation of World Cup competition regulations dealing to cultural challenges, which dictate that no players from the side receiving the challenge may move beyond the halfway line,” according to a World Rugby statement.

Who leads the Haka?

There are no established guidelines for who should take the lead during the Haka. It is frequently led by the captain, as was the case when Richie McCaw was the captain, but it may also be led by players with Maori descent who are fluent in the language and who put in the greatest performance. Perenara and captain Kieran Read shared the responsibility of leading the Haka in prior matches, but against the Springboks, New Zealand switched things up and had Perenara and Read lead it jointly. Perenara also expressed his admiration for Read’s new leadership position.

Image courtesy of Getty Images

The Haka: Poetry in Motion

The Maori dancers, who are dressed in little more than stunning face tattoos, take center stage. Following the eerie sound of a conch shell, a yell heralds the start of the battle dance. In unison, they smack their chests, stamp their feet, leap high and fall with a crash as they scan the crowd with menacing eyes and their tongues protruding out. A traditional Maori performance art and one of New Zealand’s most well-known cultural experiences, kapa haka is being demonstrated here. Haka (dance) is a collection of dances, postures, gestures, chants, songs, and stories that originated in the classic kapa (to stand in a row) dance.

“Whether it’s through the use of the eyes, hands, legs, voice, or tongue, the entire body is employed in communication.” Whenever I perform the haka, I feel alive and connected to my tupuna.

“I have the ability to rejoice, mourn, support, or protest.” There are several possibilities for visitors to witness the country’s unique dancing genre.

You can catch a glimpse of the dances near Lake Taupo’s Wairakei Terraces, or you might read more about them in Wellington’s magnificent Te Papa Museum.

What is the Haka?

The haka is to Maori culture what the hula is to Hawaiian culture in terms of popularity. During a birth or wedding, Maoris may choose to dance to express their happiness, or to convey a feeling of purpose while meeting a group of strangers for the very first time. War dances, which are characterized by wildly gesticulating bodies and scary face expressions, are intended to get the blood pumping.

War dances performed by the Maori were traditionally used to terrify and subdue opposing tribal groups. Not only did the violent motions strike fear into the hearts of their opponents, but they also energised Maori warriors and brought them together in combat.

Haka Peruperu vs Haka Taparahi

Historically, battle dances have been classified into two categories: combat and ceremonial. The haka peruperu is done using weapons held in the hands of the performers. The haka taparahi, which is the variation of the dance that most tourists see, is an unarmed version of the dance. When the All Blacks, New Zealand’s national rugby team, do a passionate haka taparahi before international matches, you might think you’re seeing things. If you’re a rugby fan, you could think you’re seeing things.

One of the most popular includes the poi, which is a little, lightweight ball that is linked to a string.

Women used poi during lengthy canoe trips before the arrival of the Europeans to assist male paddlers in maintaining their rhythm.

In most cases, the guitar is the only musical instrument utilized to accompany dance performances.

Maori Chants and Their Meaning

Maori dance can be fierce, gently flowing, or joyful, and it is always accompanied by music, songs, or chants. These songs, known as waiata, are used to communicate emotions and narrate events from the past. “Ka Mate!” narrates the story of Chief Te Rauparaha and is one of the most well-known songs in the world, owing to the All Blacks rugby players once again. When he was a young man, the leader hid in a food storage hole in order to avoid being pursued by warriors. At first, he thought he was bound to failure.

Fortunately, according to the song, he was rescued by a figure known as “the hairy man” (perhaps an allied chief, the notoriously hirsute Te Wharerangi), who diverted the pursuers’ attention away from the hole and then dragged the chief to safety.

Haka Dance Meaning: Legendary Beginnings

How did all of the giggling, wagging of the tongue, and stomping of the feet come to be recognized as the quintessential New Zealand experience that it is today? It all started off innocently enough. According to Maori folklore, the sun deity, Te Ra, had two wives at one point in his life. One wife represented the spirit of summer, while the other represented the spirit of winter. Te Ra and his summery wife had a son named Tanerore, who they named after the god of the sun. Tanerore used to dance around the house to entertain his mother when he was a child.

  • As a result, haka was born.
  • An similarly amusing tradition connects the origins of comedy in dance back to ancient Greece.
  • These ladies were dispatched by the ancestor Tinirau to apprehend the person responsible for the death of his pet whale.
  • The women created a brilliant strategy to encourage their audience to laugh by dancing, making funny expressions, and otherwise entertaining them.
  • Naturally, the end product is a more lighthearted version of the haka.
  • People communicate their ideas via the use of words and sounds produced by their tongues.

The use of an exaggerated tongue, in this context, symbolizes mastery over one’s words and thoughts. The traditions, chants, and songs of the Maori kapa haka are carried down from generation to generation through the use of gifted languages, which are passed down down the generations.

Ever wondered what they’re saying in the haka?

The ritual, which was conducted by the Maori, the indigenous inhabitants of New Zealand, was an ancient posture dance that was done right before soldiers were sent into combat. Haka can be performed in a variety of ways. For the first time since 1888, the All Blacks have done the identical Haka – Ka mate, Ka mate. The words “Ka Mate!” and “Ka Mate!” are synonymous with “Ka ora!” Ka ora! Ka ora! Ka ora! Ka Mate!” and “Ka ora!” When the Kapa O Pango was performed in 2006, it sparked controversy, with former Wallabies coach John Connolly spearheading a petition for a ban on a particular haka ceremony that involved players executing a throat-slitting motion.

  1. ka upa…ne, ka upa…ne!
  2. Hi!
  3. I’m going to die!
  4. I’m still alive!
  5. I’m going to die!
  6. I’m still alive!
  7. One more step forward!
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An upward stride, another…

Te Rauparaha, a Maori warrior chief in the early 1800s, is credited with writing the song Ka mate, Ka mate, which means “Ka mate, Ka mate.” According to legend, he was on the run from an opposing tribe and hiding in a hole when he came up with the phrases.

Kapa O Pango kia whakawhenua au I ahau!

Hello, Aue ii!

Au, au, aue, aue, aue ha!

‘Au, au, aue ha!’ says the narrator.

Ihiihi ka tu te ihiihi “I’m sorry, but I don’t know what you’re talking about.” Etu Iho Ni Iho Ni Iho Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ni Ponga ra, ponga!

Ponga ra, ponga!

This is our territory, and it rumbles with activity.

It’s my time to shine!

It’s my turn now!

Our preeminence Our superiority will triumph, and we will be rightly recognized and elevated to a position of honor.

All-Blacks on the field!

All-Blacks on the field!

When the All Blacks performed their two hakas, their opponents employed a variety of strategies, including warming up on the other side of the field and marching straight up to the New Zealand players during the dance.

Loading Several other rugby teams, including those from Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga, do war dances before to their games. Tomorrow night, the Wallabies will take on the All Blacks in a Bledisloe Cup match at ANZ Stadium in Sydney.

The Haka

For most non-Maori New Zealanders today, their awareness of the Haka is likely confined to the song “Ka mate, Ka mate,” which was created by Ngati Toa Chieftain Te Rauparaha about 1820 and is the most often performed version of the Haka today. Many sports teams and people representing New Zealand in foreign countries include the haka “Ka mate” as part of their overall program when they travel. Internationally, the All Blacks, who do the haka before their matches, are the sports team that has given the haka the most recognition and exposure.


Tamanu tora (the Sun God) was said to have had two wives: Hine-raumati (the Summer maid) and Hine takurua (the Winter maid), according to Maori lore and mythology. Tane-rore was the kid born to him and Hine-raumati, and he is widely regarded as the father of the dance’s inception. During the summer months, tane-rore refers to the shaking of the air that can be observed on hot days, and it is reflected in the dance by the quivering of the hands. The term “haka” refers to any and all Maori dancing forms.

The majority of haka performed nowadays are haka taparahi, or haka performed without weapons.

The Haka was not just a Maori pleasure, but it was also a highly socially significant habit in the welcome and entertaining of visitors.

The haka expressed the worries and issues of the time, acts of defiance and protest, as well as actual incidents and events occurring at the time of the performance.


The importance of the haka in the heritage of All Black rugby is not a recent development in the country. Since a visit by the “New Zealand Natives” headed by Joseph Warbrick in 1888, the haka has been intimately identified with New Zealand rugby, particularly the All Blacks. With the ferocious determination, devotion, and top level talent that have always been the hallmarks of New Zealand’s National game, the game’s allure has become stronger. With the haka, you may add a distinctive element to your performance that is drawn from the indigenous Maori of New Zealand and is aligned with the larger Polynesian cultures of the Pacific.


The famous haka, Ka Mate Ka Mate, was composed by Ngati Toa Chieftain Te Rauparaha around 1820, with the story of its composition being well known within the oral histories of Ngati Toa and Ngati Tuwharetoa, the two iwi (tribes) most associated with its origins. The story of its composition is well known within the oral histories of Ngati Toa and Ngati Tuwharetoa, the two iw While Te Rauparaha was being followed by warriors from a rival iwi, he was taken refuge in a kumara (local sweet potato) pit dug by Te Wharerangi of Tuwharetoa, with Te Wharerangi’s wife Te Rangikoaea being instructed to sit on top of the hole.

Te Rauparaha remained undetected by the Tohunga thanks to the spiritual powers of both food and the woman above him, and when the searchers passed overhead, he whispered “Ka ora Ka ora” (It is life, it is life).

Hi!) When the New Zealand Native team went on their long and hard tour of the United States in 1888/89, they played Ka Mate, and the “Original” All Blacks did the same in 1905.


Prior to the Tri Nations Test against South Africa in Carisbrook in August 2005, the All Blacks performed for the first time ‘Kapa O Pango,’ a new haka written for and about the All Blacks and performed for the first time at Carisbrook. Kapa O Pango was created for the squad by Derek Lardelli, an expert in tikanga Maori (Maori culture and customs) from the Ngati Porou iwi who has been studying tikanga Maori for over a year. Its words and deeds pay homage to the country of New Zealand, the silver fern, and the soldiers in black who protect it.

Tana Umaga, who was captain of the All Blacks when Kapa O Pango was introduced, explains why it was included in the game in the video below.

Kapa O Pango is a traditional Hawaiian dance that is performed from time to time at the team’s discretion.


Right on, Kia! Right on, Kia! Greetings, Mau! Hi! I ahau, kia whakawhenua o te ahau! Hello, Aue! Hi! We, the people of Aotearoa, salute you! Hello, au! Au! Aue, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, Hi! Ko kapa o pango, e ngunguru nei! Ko kapa o pango, e ngunguru nei! Hello, au! Au! Aue, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, Hi! I had a good laugh! I’m from Te Rangi, and I’m from Ki runga, and I’m from Tu Iho Nei, and I’m from Tu Iho Nei, and I’m from Tu Iho Nei, hey! Ponga ra, ponga! Ponga ra, ponga!

  • Allow my life power to be returned to the ground if you will.
  • And now it is my turn!
  • The flames of desire are stoked!
  • And now it is my turn!
  • The excitement builds to a climax!
  • Our supremacy continues to grow.
  • to be elevated to a high position Silver fern, indeed!
  • Silver fern, indeed!
  • Hello, aue!

Kapa O Pango explained

Several wedding guests’ screams, grunts, and stomps, combined with their chest thumps and tongue wagging, recently reduced a New Zealand bride to tears, according to reports. It also inspired her and the groom to participate in the boisterous tradition alongside their loved ones. When Aaliyah and Benjamin Armstrong got married, a huge number of guests, headed by the best man and the groom’s brother, performed a traditional Maori haka as part of the wedding festivities. The couple was inspired by the intensity and emotion displayed during the dance, and they, along with the bride’s closest friend and a bridesmaid, joined in at the conclusion.

  • This is why we stepped in at the end to express our gratitude and respect for them.
  • With loud yells, chest thumps, exaggerated facial features and motions, hakas (traditional battle cries and songs) were originally meant to terrify tribal opponents and adversaries.
  • Westone Productions Limited is a limited liability company.
  • RELATED: Check out this video of Prince Harry doing a traditional battle dance with New Zealand soldiers.

Aaliyah, 21, said, “It’s a typical haka that most people are familiar with, so it offers individuals the opportunity to step in and show their appreciation regardless of whether they are young or old, or whether their knowledge of this haka is strong or poor.” A haka that “has the ability to bring a large number of people together,” says the narrator.

  • Westone Productions Limited is a limited liability company.
  • The couple, who met a year ago at a Mormon church convention, are thankful for the attention their Maori culture has received as a result of the video’s release.
  • According to Aaliyah, “He’s definitely a little more Maori than I am.” “I come from a diverse cultural background.
  • They would describe myself as “a fruit salad” down south.
  • Westone Productions Limited is a limited liability company.
  • While he has been overwhelmed by all of the recent attention, he is encouraged by the increased interest in Maori culture that is being shown.
  • “People from all over the world, including the United States, who were previously unaware of the haka have made the decision to learn more about New Zealand culture, as well as the haka itself and what it represents.
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Stacey Leah Photography is a professional photography company.

The film was created as a wedding gift for the couple, who then shared it with their friends and family on Facebook as part of their celebration.

In spite of the fact that Hettig wishes the organization had reached out to him before posting the video, he is pleased with the large amount of support he has received thus far.

Little old New Zealand is getting a lot of love from all over the world.

Hettigalso, like his cousin, is pleased to see the haka, as well as Maori culture, get more attention in the media.

“It’s quite popular,” he remarked. “They like the richness of culture and variety on display here.” That is more important than everything else.” Follow Eun Kyung Kim, a writer for TODAY.com, on Twitter at @eunkim.

All you need to know about the iconic haka performed by the All Blacks

Every rugby match in New Zealand begins with the haka, a scary dance performed by the New ZealandrugbyAll Blacks before each match. It has become an iconic sight in the world of sport. Learn about the haka’s history, the meaning behind it, as well as the significance of the phrases associated with the dances performed by the All Blacks in this article.

What are the origins of the Haka?

Every rugby match in New Zealand begins with the haka, a scary dance performed by the New ZealandrugbyAll Blacks before each match. It has become an iconic sight in the world of sports. You should be aware of the haka’s history, the significance of the dance, as well as what the phrases associated with it imply when the All Blacks execute it.

What do the words of the haka mean?

Ka mate, Ka mate, Ka mate In the period between 1888 and 2006, the All Blacks executed the haka. Greetings, Mate! Greetings, Mate! Greetings, Ka ora! Greetings, Ka ora! Greetings, Mate! Greetings, Mate! Greetings, Ka ora! Greetings, Ka ora! Tenei te tangata puhuru huruNana nei te tangata puhuru huruNana nei te tangata puhuru huru I tiki maiWhakawhiti te raA upa… ne! ka upa…ne! ka upa…ne! ka upa…ne! We have a new upane kaupane, and it’s called Te Ra! Hi! I’m going to die! I’m going to die!

  1. I’m still alive!
  2. I’m going to die!
  3. I’m still alive!
  4. One more step forward!
  5. An upward stride, another…
  6. There are two forms of the haka that the All Blacks do on the field (Getty Images) Kapa O Pango is an abbreviation for Kapa O Pango (the specially written haka performed by the All Blacks since 2006) Taringa whakarongo!
  7. Right on, Kia!

Greetings, Mau!

I ahau, kia whakawhenua o te ahau!


Hello, au!

Aue, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, Hi!

Ko kapa o pango, e ngunguru nei!

Hello, au!

I had a good laugh!

Ka tu te wanawanaKi runga I te rangi, e tu iho nei, tu iho nei, hi!

Kapa o pango, oh my!

Ponga ra, ponga!

Hello, Aue!

Please allow me to return to my first gulp of air.

New Zealand is the one who is thundering right now.

It’s my time to shine!

This is what distinguishes us as the All Blacks.

It’s my time to shine!

Feel the force of it.

Our superiority manifests itself.

All-Blacks on the field!

All-Blacks on the field!

Join the Rikkud: Dance the Chanukah Haka

Dec1 The question is what to do when a tiny tribe engaged in combat with an opposing greater military force desires to triumph despite all obstacles. We may consult with our New Zealand counterparts. They were the ones who came up with thehaka. It’s possible that you’ve never seen a haka before, so you might want to go to the internet right now and enter in you can see an example from the Maori tradition known asKa Mate, Ka Ora to witness one performed. The words are translated as follows: “It is death!” It is the fact of life!

  1. It’s possible that you’ll feel a little uneasy.
  2. It’s possible that you’ll be inspired.
  3. Rabbi Haka is described as “a form of ancient Mori military dance that was typically employed on the battlefield, as well as when people joined together in peace,” according to Google.
  4. Violent foot-stamping, tongue protrusions, and repetitive body slapping are all used to complement a loud chant, among other things.
  5. As did his cry and the haka, which he invented to rally his people and challenge the enemy, both of which were saved.
  6. Indeed, its proponents point out that when the little country of New Zealand fields its national rugby team, the “All-Blacks,” against teams from larger countries, it finds the strength to overcome via the performance of the haka.
  7. Just keep scrolling around on YouTube until you find something you like.

Is it really true that we’re so much more advanced and sophisticated than our Kiwi counterparts?

After some thought, I remembered the “haka,” which was essential in helping the Maccabees victory against the bigger Seleucid Greek army in the 2ndcentury BCE.

In the same way that they did with the haka, they formed tight, tiny, cohesive units of combatants in military formations.

Similarly to the haka, they were able to retain and express their own culture during their tribulations.

The most well-known of them serves as the inspiration for the nameMaCCaBEE–MiChamochaBa’eilimAdonai (adonai symbolized by the letter “yod,” which is now transliterated as “ee” in English).

Who, after all, is like You?

This is a miracle in and of itself.

Come and play with therikkud! When we gather for our Shabbat LightsMiracles service on December 27 at 7:00 PM, we want to see you there to participate in our own Chanukah Haka. Wishing everyone a happy Chanukah.

The Maori Haka: Its Meaning & History

Without a doubt, if you have learned anything about New Zealand culture, you have heard of the Haka, which is a traditional dance performed throughout the country. This mesmerizing chant, which can be heard before many key New Zealand events, most notably before a rugby match against the All Blacks, has piqued the interest of people all over the world in Maori culture. Of course, one of the best ways to learn more about Maori culture is to visit New Zealand and immerse yourself in it for yourself.

It is recommended that you immerse yourself in Maori culture by participating in a cultural display, eating a hangi feast, learning about greenstone carving, and many other activities.

Where Did the Haka Come From?

Because Maori history has been passed down via songs and oral tradition, there is no definitive account as to when and where the haka first appeared on stage. A few of well-known anecdotes about the haka are, nevertheless, related with the dance.

The Haka in Maori Legend

There are several Maori traditions that speculate about the origins of the Haka, but one of the most popular is the story of Tama-te-nui-ra, the sun god. On sweltering days, his summer maid, Hine-raumati, would make the air appear to dance and quiver with her movements. The quivering motion made by haka performers with their hands reflects this.

The Haka Meaning – Haka Translation

However, although there is no direct translation for the haka, the word itself may be found in other Polynesian cultures, where it means “dance.” So, when it comes to understanding what the haka dance means, it all boils down to the meaning of the haka dance itself, which we shall go into further detail about below.

The Haka is Maori History

Chief Tinirau and the ladies of his tribe performed an early rendition of the haka, which is still in use today. He was out for vengeance against a tohunga (priest) named Kae, who he believed was responsible for the death of Tinirau’s pet whale. He dispatched the ladies of his tribe to track down Kae, but all they knew about him was that he possessed crooked teeth. When they arrived at their adversary’s camp, they did the haka in order to make the men grin and display Kae’s teeth, therefore revealing his identity.

NZPocketGuide.com is an online resource for New Zealanders.

The Different Types of Haka

While there are many more forms of haka than the ones mentioned here, here are some of the most common types of Maori haka to get you started.

Peruperu Haka

Traditionally, it was performed before a fight as a “war dance,” and the Peruperu is one variety of haka that is done in this manner.

It is characterized by jumps in which the legs are pushed beneath the torso, and it is frequently accompanied by weapons. The protruding tongue and bulging eyes are intended to scare the opponents while also invoking the God of War, according to the legend.

Ngeri Haka

Traditionally, it was performed before a fight as a “war dance,” and the Peruperu is one of the most well-known types of haka. A characteristic of the style is the employment of weapons and the usage of jumps with the legs pressed under the torso, among other things. Aiming to terrify the opponents while also invoking the God of War, the opponent’s tongue is protruding and his eyes bulge.

Manawa wera haka

This haka is typically done at funerals or shortly after someone has passed away. Once again, there are no weapons utilized, and the movement is more liberating. Take a look at our te reo Maori pronunciation guide to find out more about how to pronounce Maori terms. NZPocketGuide.com is an online resource for New Zealanders.

Who Can Perform the Haka?

Long answer, short response: anybody can do the haka as long as it is done with sincerity and respect for the tradition. Traditionally, both males and females participate in the haka, however there are some haka that are solely performed by women, and the same is true for the males. The Haka was historically done solely by Maori, but because New Zealand has a mixed population of Maori and Pakeha (non-Maori New Zealanders), the haka has become more popular among the general public as well. In reality, the haka is taught in New Zealand schools as part of the curriculum.

The All Blacks Haka

AKA the Ka Mate Haka, this is the most well-known haka heard all around the world. The All Blacks, the national rugby team of New Zealand, perform this haka as part of their national anthem. In its most basic form, the chant reads as follows:

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Ka Mate Haka

Ka mate, ka mate! Ka ora, ka ora! Ka mate, ka mate! Ka mate! Ka mate! Ka ora! Ka ora! Ka mate! Ka mate! Tnei te tangata phuruhuruNna nei I tiki mai whakawhiti te ru, upane! ka upane! Tnei te tangata phuruhuruNna nei I tiki mai whakawhiti te ru, upane! ka upane! , upane, ka upane, whiti te ra, whiti te ra!

English translation of the Ka Mate Haka

‘It is the end!’ It’s the end of the world! (Alternatively: I may die) It is the way of life! It is the way of life! (or: I have a chance to live) It’s the end of the world! It’s the end of the world! It is the way of life! It is the way of life! This is the one who brought the sun into being and caused it to shine. Another step forward, and another stride forward! One step forward, another… the sun is shining! NZPocketGuide.com is an online resource for New Zealanders.

The History of the Ka Mate Haka

The Ka Mate Haka was penned in 1820 by Te Rauparaha, a war commander of the Ngati Toa iwi (tribe) and a member of the Ngati Toa ancestors. He was running from his opponents, who were from the Ngati Maniapoto iwi and the Waikato tribes respectively. Opotaka, a place on the beaches of Lake Rotoaira, was designated as a safe harbor for him. He took refuge in a kumara hole. In this location, it is said that he said, “Ka mate, ka mate, ka ora, ka ora,” and then continued to compose the lyrics for the Ka Mate haka until his pursuers were unsuccessful in their pursuit, and until Te Rauparaha emerged from the pit and was welcomed by the tribe of Opotaka, where he was befriended.

Te Rauparaha’s haka, rather than being a battle dance, was a celebration of life triumphing over death.


On the North Island, you may see the exact location, as well as the kumara pits, where the Ka Mate Haka was born at Opotaka, which is located on the route between Turangi and the Tongariro National Park. The location is prominently signposted off State Highway 47, approximately 13 kilometers (8 kilometers) south of Turangi.


Robin, one of the co-founders of NZ Pocket Guide, evaluated and approved this content for publication. Before settling in New Zealand, he had lived, worked, and traveled in 16 other countries before settling here. He has now worked in the New Zealand tourist business for more than a decade, participating in more than 600 activities around the country. The NZ Pocket Guide and its YouTube channel are places where he expresses his enthusiasm for sharing his experiences and recommendations. Robin is also a co-founder of numerous additional South Pacific travel guides, including the popular South Pacific Travel Guide.

Haka, The Dance of War, Is Performed at Weddings, Funerals and by Beyonce

Take a look at how this traditional performance, which employs commanding postures, communicates powerful ideas without the need of words. The ancient Mori performance art known as the Kapa Haka is one of the most spectacular instances of how people communicate with one another via body language. It is a form of dance that makes use of all of the body’s components — the hands, arms, feet, voice, eyes, and even the tongue — to communicate a wide range of feelings. A combination of the terms “kapa,” which means to form a line, and the word “haka,” which means to dance, gave rise to the phrase.

We went on a search on YouTube for some of the most stunning and dramatic Haka performances that could be found.

In competition:

The New Zealand All Blacks rugby team, which is featured in the Nature of Things documentaryBody Language Decoded, is famed for performing one of the most well-known Haka routines in the world. Before each international match, the squad performs the “Ka mate, Ka mate” Haka to officially kick off the competition. The “Ka mate, Ka mate,” written circa 1820, recalls the account of how Mori leader Ngati Toa Chieftain Te Rauparaha outsmarted his adversaries by deception. All Blacks players face their opponents and engage in what Amy Cuddy, a social psychologist and associate professor at Harvard Business School, refers to as “strong postures” to begin the dance.

However, according to Cuddy, the most essential thing to grasp about the dance is that it is not intended to terrify, but rather to prepare the performer for the challenge that lies ahead.

To honour a guest:

The Haka is sometimes used to greet a noteworthy guest when they arrive.

Following Beyonce’s performance in Auckland, the local crew paid tribute to her with a special performance. She jumped right in with both feet.

At a wedding:

The bride was reduced to tears by this unexpected Haka performance. Women are not typically expected to participate in the dance, however at weddings, an exception is made to this rule. Wedding party members, including the bride and a few guests, took part in the performance.

At a funeral:

The bride was reduced to tears by this unexpected Haka performance.. Women are not typically expected to participate in the dance, although during weddings, an exception is granted. It was attended by the bride and her bridesmaids, as well as a few other guests.

In solidarity:

In New Zealand, a group of people did a Haka on the beach to demonstrate their solidarity for those who are demonstrating against the Dakota Access oil pipeline at Standing Rock, North Dakota. In the documentary The Nature of Things, you may learn more about how we communicate with our bodies. Decoding the Signs of the Body.

Haka not only a Warrior Dance

The worship of the Sun deity or goddess, such as Ra in ancient Egypt, Huitzilopochtli in the Aztec tradition, or Beiwe in the Saami tradition, is a common thread running through many indigenous civilizations. Each civilisation has and has had its own tale to tell about the significance of the sun in the history of their civilization, and each society has its own rituals centered on the sun, the bringer of light and new life, which are unique to them. Given that we have just passed the Winter Solstice (which occurs anywhere between the 19th and 22nd of December, depending on your location in the Northern Hemisphere), most cultures are celebrating the current re-birth of the sun, which will bring about new life for us over the next half year, reaching its peak at the Summer Solstice (21st of june in the Northern Hemisphere).

  1. Dance, according to Maori mythology, was created by Tane-rore, the son of the Sun deity Tama- nui- te- ra, who was also known as the Sun God of the Moon.
  2. Some think that on instances when the land is so hot that the air shimmers, Tane-rore can be seen performing because the wiriwiri (shimmering air) reminds them of his trembling hand movements.
  3. ‘Ka mate, Ka mate’ is the sort of Haka that the All Blacks execute before combat, and it is translated as “‘Tis death, ’tis death” in the English language.
  4. There is a narrative in it about him hiding from his enemies in a food pit, only to climb out towards the light when he was welcomed by a bearded guy and a chief who were friendly to him.

Despite the apparent fierceness of this battle dance, it is a highly striking demonstration of pride, power, and tribal solidarity; actions include strong foot-stamping, tongue protrusions, and rhythmic body slapping to accompany a loud chant: “We are the people of the land.” This is the man with a lot of hair: Tnei te tangata phuruhuru It’s not certain who brought the sun and caused it to shine, but it’s likely that it was someone named Nna.

  • “Upane!
  • An uphill battle, followed by another uphill battle, which is what it is called in Te Reo.
  • Many others, however, believe that the Ka Mate Haka, which was made famous by the All Blacks, has been culturally hijacked for commercial purposes.
  • Ngati Moa elders consider this to be an important victory.
  • To the Polynesian way of thinking, mana signifies supernatural power that confers authority and the capacity to perform in any given scenario.
  • Mana, on the other hand, may take various forms; it might be your aura, your charm, or the manner in which you establish your case.
  • It signifies that light will always triumph over darkness since the rules of the cosmos dictate that this is the case.
  • In less than a week, a viral video of over 60 individuals performing the Ka Panapana and Ruaumoko became viral, with nearly one million views, 24,000 shares, and nearly 8000 comments from people all over the world.

A tremendous message of support, conveyed via dancing and displays of pride, has been given to the Sioux people in their fight to keep clean drinking water available for future generations.

NZ Folksong * Ka Mate

Haka, poiand peruperu were used for welcoming guests at meetings.The peruperu,a haka perfomed with weapons in hand, was a war dance to demoralise theenemy forces.

“Ereyou go forth to fight, display your legs to your women, young folk,and old men in what is termed a war-dance. Your women will neverfail to observe the omens of the dance – the correctness of attitudesor mistakes committed.When your women are seen by you advancing with distorted faces,.the rising of Tu-te-ihiihi, of Tu-te-wanawana (the war god),you then know that your legs will assail the stars in the heavensand the earth mother below.But should you commit errors and not deport yourself correctly,then assuredly you will not see your women dancing and grimacing,because apprehension has seized them, for from them comes the bloodof the performing men that is to be borne into the fray and pouredforth upon the land. So then you are aware that an error has beenmade in your dancing, therefore be cautious.”Nihoniho, 1913 “Displayyour legs to your women.”

“More than any aspect of Maori culture, thiscomplex dance is an expression of the passion, vigour and identity ofthe race. Haka is not merely a pastime of the Maori but was also a customof high social importance in the welcoming and entertainment of visitors.Tribal reputation rose and fell on their ability to perform the haka.”AlanArmstrong,Maori games and hakas(sic): instructions,words, and actions(A.H.A.W. Reed, 1964)TeHamana Mahuika et al.He Haka Taparahi. Men’s ceremonialdance poetry,Editor, Te Kapunga Dewes.


Narrative of the fighting on the East Coast 1865-71: witha monograph on bush fighting(DominionMuseum, 1913)Reprintedonline ArthurS.

Story of New Zealand: past and present – savage andcivilized (John Murray, London, 1859) EdwardTregear,(1846 – 1931) Maori-Polynesian comparative dictionary(Lyon and Blair, Wellington, 1891)ReprintedonlineKaMate webpage writtenby John Archer.

Revised Jan 2002.Lost, and reinstalled 13 March 2003.

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