CalmLife muzieknieuws, gezondheids- en welzijnsartikelen, stressvermindering
People in the vicinity of the music
De Legende van de Jazz – Duke Ellington
Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington was one of the most legendary jazzpianists, jazzorkest directors, and jazz composers to have emerged throughout the twentieth century. As a result of one of… Continue readingMen in the background of the music
Het Tijdperk van Barok Muziek: Een Korte Geschiedenis
The Baroque period began in Rome, Italy, at the beginning of the 17th century. The style spread quickly throughout Europe, reaching France, Spain, and Portugal. Continue readingMen in the background of the music
De Legendarische Jazz Muziek van Oscar Peterson
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, sometimes known as “The King of Inside Swing,” was one of the most influential and successful jazzartiesten of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. … More information may be found here. People in the vicinity of the music
Het Fascinerende Leven van Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) is unquestionably the most well-known fiddler in the history of Western classical music, and he has received several awards for his work. He was given the title “The Vader of… Check out the Gezondheid section. Wellness
HELPT wat je Eet bij het Slapen, of juist Niet?
In many traditional evening rituals, you’ll find yourself slaap in the road, leading to sluggish eating and living habits as a result. In the event that they are consumed for slapening, these 5 voedzame food additives may be used to slapen… More information may be found here. People in the vicinity of the music
De Magie van het Mozart Effect
Allow us to explore the benefits of listening to classical music, namely from the perspective of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s works, whenever we have the opportunity… Continue readingMen in the background of the music
De Oorsprong van Jazz Muziek
During the year 1917, the Jazzmuziek celebrated its 100th anniversary since its inception. It has also had an unmistakable influence on the way the collective has been operating since its inception… Continue readingGezondheidWellness
Kalm Lichaam, Kalme Geest: Hoe Je Kunt Stretchen naar Betere Gezondheid
The menselijke lichaam was designed for regular movement, yet long-term sitting has become the new normal for many people in recent years. During the day, a few uncomplicated stretches may be beneficial… Continue readingGezondheidWellness
Helpt Muziek en Geluid je Echt om Beter te Slapen?
It might be difficult to relax and enjoy a good slap when one’s mind is always racing with thoughts. This is the location where slaapmuziek or geluiden from the… Continue readingGezondheidWellness
Hoe Kantoorgeluiden te Overstemmen met White Noise (witte ruis)
Due to the continual influx of thoughts, it might be difficult to relax and enjoy a good smack on the wrist. Slaapmuziek or geluiden from the local area are played here. Go to Gezondheid en Wohlbefinden for further information.
Planten en Mensen Samenbrengen Met Meer dan alleen Muziek
With the continual stream of thoughts, it might be difficult to relax and enjoy a good slap. This is where you may hear slaapmuziek or other sounds from the… Read more about Gezondheid and Wellness.
Creëer Thuis De Perfecte Spa Dag
With the continual stream of thoughts, it might be difficult to relax and enjoy a good slap. This is where slaapmuziek or geluiden from the… Continue readingGezondheidWellbeing
De Eens en Toekomstige Armonica
Is the glasharmonica half-vol or half-leeg, or both at once?
This was a question that the musical history society posed to themselves for two centuries. The beginning of the time of Classical Music, the emergence of… More information may be found here. People in the vicinity of the music
The Other Piano Man
There are just a handful of piano composers who have worked with Peanuts, The Doors, Hawaiian Slack Key Guitar, and the Velveteen Rabbit, among others, and who may be heard in many forms, styles, and projects… Continue readingPlaatsen
Klinkt als de Echte Newfoundland
For many Canadians, the term “Newfoundland music” refers to shanties, jigs, ballades, and rollen — as well as liedjes and dances from traditional folk music from England, Scotland, and Newfoundland… Continue readingPlaatsen
Viool Spelen In Cape Breton
A fictionalized account of Cape Breton’s unique historical past. Cape Breton is a Canadian island located off the coast of Nova Scotia near the country’s east coast. The province of Cape Breton… Check out the Gezondheid section. Wellness
De voordelen van muziekmeditatie
The music is enthralling. The findings of the research point to the possibility that music might alter a person’s mood and behavior, as well as their physical appearance. As a result, the… Continue readingGezondheidWellness
De gevolgen van kantoorgeluid
Depending on your field of expertise, there may be evidence of an unabated continuous level of noise at your workplace, such as light gezoem van lichten, ventilatiegeluid, overmatig gebabbel, or kantoormachines… Depending on your field of expertise, there may be evidence of an unabated level of noise at your workplace. More information may be found here.
New Age Gregorian Chant
I remarked to my family a few weeks ago, while I was home for the holidays, that I was going to have to be able to recognize distinct Gregorian chants in some capacity for a hearing quiz I was about to take. Some members of my family chuckled and questioned how I would be able to pull anything like that off. My uncle, on the other hand, went over to his computer and put on a tune that sounded like a Gregorian chant to distract us. The sound of several voices singing a monophonic, non-metric chant frightened me because I feared it would simply confuse me more by adding yet another unrecognizable Gregorian chant to my already-confusing mental landscape.
- It was Enigma’s “Sadness Part 1,” a new age track by the band Enigma.
- This morning, I was chatting with a friend about the classes I’m taking, and I mentioned this music class, bragging about how I’ve learned to distinguish the difference between different opera tunes and different Gregorian chants based on their varied musical technicality.
- I’m going to have to perform this song just for you!
- In some portions of the song, the drum beats and background melodies don’t seem to fit with the Gregorian chants, and it’s a little uncomfortable to listen to as a result.
- The music began to sound more natural as time went on, and I began to love it.
Gregorian chant dominates the beginning of this song, which progresses to rock music in the background, then whispered singing with a peaceful-sounding background band and background Gregorian chant is rather unique and well worth listening to.
Tom Kelly: Ambrosian Chant
Thomas Kelly, Morton B. Knafel Professor of Music, talks about his experiences studying and teaching chant using the Houghton resources in this episode of Houghton75. Specifically, we look at the music of Ambrosian chant, which is the sole competing tradition to Gregorian chant that has survived to the present day in the metropolitan region of Milan, Italy. Ambrosian chants performed by Antifonale Ambrosiano (LIM, Lucca), conducted by Giovanni Scomparin, as background music Transcript of the podcast as well as musical notes Alex Csiszar: Houghton is a truly fantastic place to live and work.
- Stephen Greenblatt: I’d want to thank you for your time.
- Stephanie Sandler (interviewer): In addition, it’s very awesome.
- Hello and welcome to Houghton75.
- Hannah Ferello (HF): I’m Hannah Ferello, and I’m a writer.
- JC: The Houghton Library at Harvard University first opened its doors in 1942.
- A rare peek into some of Houghton’s most valued possessions and the manner in which they inspire academics and students is provided through this podcast, which is only one of several opportunities to engage in our year-long schedule of activities.
- JC: As soon as we hear the phrase “chant music,” our minds immediately jump to the monastic musical style linked with Saint Gregory, Gregorian chant.
Ambrosian chant is the only one of these early traditions that has survived.
Thomas Kelly, Morton B.
But, first and foremost, what exactly is Ambrosian chant?
Now, Ambrosian chant is similar to Gregorian chant, and perhaps other types of chant as well, in that it is performed one note at a time, like Gregorian chant.
And it’s in Latin, and the most of the passages are taken from the Bible, so they’re all the same in that respect.
“No, we have our music that derives from the great Saint Ambrose, and you have your music that descends from the great Saint Gregory,” they remarked in Milan and the surrounding area.
Thank you so much for your assistance.
As a result, all of the manuscripts that include this music are from that region.
A manuscript of Ambrosian chant, one of the three manuscripts on display, was previously researched by Professor Kelly and his students in a previous seminar.
TK: Our third manuscript has been in the collection for quite some time, and it was recently displayed at the Houghton Library as part of a special exhibition.
The majority of Ambrosian chant manuscripts are substantially longer than 20 folios in length.
We discovered this after traveling to Milan and inspecting all of the microfilms to see whether any of the others have a distinguishing characteristic similar to this one.
However, according to one researcher, the only other manuscript that has this is a text that appears to be a Benedictine manuscript but contains Ambrosian chant instead.
The Gallarate manuscript and this manuscript are essentially two different versions of the same document.
What method did you use to extract them from the manuscript?
The gorgeous initial of Mauritius was placed on the front of the card as well.
A bookstore, on the other hand, who is eager to earn money would presumably put his or her best foot forward by placing the most exquisite miniature at the head of the stack of leaves he or she already has assembled.
JC: Chanting was formerly an oral custom, according to historians.
Eventually, though, the chants were documented in writing.
Whether or not the motivations for recording Ambrosian chant were different from those for recording Gregorian chant is debatable.
It is believed that the earliest written down version of Gregorian chant was created somewhere in the 9th century, and that the first complete volumes of it were created sometime in the 10th century.
Prior to that, there are books with words in them.
All of the earliest Gregorian chant sources that we have are not from Rome, which is surprising given that the chant is claimed to have originated in Rome and that Saint Gregory the Great is associated with it.
And Charlemagne is the one who said to himself, “Hmm, I’ve got this huge polyglot realm here.” They’re all barbarians in their own right.
We’re going to develop a new type of writing that people will refer to as “after my name” once I pass away.
Monasteries will be built in our area.
“From now on, we’re all going to be singing the Roman chant,” he declares.
Consequently, it’s possible that the motivation for writing down whatever this music was, whether it truly originated in Rome or not, was to propagate it and teach it to individuals who were unfamiliar with it.
I’m not sure why the Ambrosians decided to start writing down their music.
This is a really fascinating topic – why do you feel the need to write something down one day and the following day you do not feel the need to write it down the next day.
That is something I seriously doubt.
Do you think it’s because there’s so much Gregorian chant around us that we want to appear authoritative and important, and we want to make sure that things don’t change for the worse?
Consequently, Ambrosian chant has a far longer time of oral transmission than Gregorian chant, which is particularly noteworthy since the wiggly, decorative sound of Ambrosian chant almost sounds like someone is making it up as he goes along, which is quite interesting.
However, we may be able to learn something about how music changes in oral transmission if we conduct enough research since we have one type of music that ceases being transmitted orally in the 9th century and another type that stops being transmitted orally in the 12th century.
What does the notation for Medieval chants look like in relation to contemporary music?
You make a succession of lines on the page.
A dry point line is a line that is not wet.
We presently use a G-clef and an F-clef, but in the past, they used F-clefs and C-clefs, as well as other clefs on occasion.
They seldom utilized more than three lines, and occasionally only four.
When you stop to think about it, three lines equals seven notes, beginning below the bottom line and ending above the top line.
Rather than going up higher, they tend to modify the clef and just lower the whole thing down since there isn’t enough space up above to go very high because the words of the line are up above that point.
In addition, it keeps parchment in good condition.
JC: The binding of Gregorian and Ambrosian chant manuscripts into volumes differs despite the fact that the methods of notation are the same in both.
However, for one year’s worth of music, they both utilize two volumes.
Music for the Mass and music for the Office, which are the eight times a day when monks or clergy in cathedrals and college churches attend to church and pray, are available.
It would be impossible to accomplish if you tried to compile all of the music for the Mass and the Office into a single book.
Consequently, you must decide what you will do in this situation.
The reason for this is beyond me.
As a result, they divide the money in half.
They write all of the music for the Masses and Offices in chronological sequence from the beginning of the year to the Easter Vigil.
As a result, the Ambrosian manuscripts are separated into two parts: the winter half of the year and the summer portion of the year, as the term goes in the industry.
As a result, their year was divided between two churches, and their liturgy was divided between two books.
Professor Kelly believes that the ability of Houghton Library’s unique items to spark and support student research is one of the most valuable aspects of the collection, and that this connection between the collection and Harvard’s institutional mission is one of the most important aspects of the collection.
- Teaching and research are two important aspects of my job.
- “Well, I’m not familiar with this Medieval music,” a large number of people say when they see the genuine thing in person for the first time.
- And all of a sudden, it comes to life and becomes real, and these are actual fellow human beings with whom you are on the verge of coming into physical touch.
- HF: We’d like to express our gratitude to Professor Thomas Kelly for joining us and sharing his thoughts on Ambrosian chant as well as the importance of the library at the University.
- JC: Throughout the episode, you’ve heard instances of Ambrosian chant sung by members of the Cappella musicale di Sant’Ambrogio, directed by Giovanni Scomparin, as well as other musical performances.
- We would like to express our gratitude to Director Scomparin and Professor Kelly for granting us access to these recordings.
- JC: If you are in the Boston area, you may also stop by the library and ask to see this manuscript or other materials from the collection in our reading room, if you are interested.
To get audio transcripts and extensive music notes, please go to houghton75.org/podcast. HF: Please accept our sincere thanks for visiting us today, and we hope to see you again next time for another edition of Houghton75.
The Middle Ages
Historically, the traditions of Western music may be traced back to the social and theological changes that occurred in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, which corresponded to the period roughly spanning 500 to 1400 years before the present. Because of the dominance of the early Christian Church during this time period, religious music was the most common type of music heard. The development of church music began with Gregorian Chant and progressed to a polyphonic melody known asorganum, which was sung at Notre Dame in Paris around the eleventh century.
- Before the Middle Ages, music had been a part of the world’s civilizations for hundreds of years, if not thousands of years.
- The term music stems from the ancient Greek muses, who were nine goddesses of art and knowledge who were worshipped in ancient Greece.
- Pythagoras and others were responsible for establishing the Greekmodes, which are scales composed of entire tones and halfsteps.
- The early Church was able to assert ultimate control over these feudal lords primarily via the use of superstitious terror.
- In these days and times, western music was almost the exclusive property of the Christian Church.
- Christianplainchant, like all music in the Western culture until to this point, was monophonic: that is, it consisted of a single melody with no harmonic support or accompaniment.
- The melodies are loose and appear to roam, as if they are being guided by the Latin liturgical texts to which they have been composed.
In the sixth century, it was claimed that Pope Gregory I (reigned 590-604) standardized them, ensuring universal usage across the Western Church.
In the Easter hymn, Victimae paschali laudes, you may get a sense of the clear, floating melody that it has.
(Insert audio clip) The Ars Antiqua and Notre Dame are two of the most famous buildings in the world.
Organum was the name given to the hollow-sounding music that resulted as a result of this process during the following hundred years.
This was followed by a slow singing of the original chant tune in the tenor voice, with additional melodies weaving around and embellishing the resultant drone.
1163-1190), who produced organa for two voices, and his successor Pérotin (fl.
Pérotin’s work is an exceptional example of this extremely early type of polyphony (music for two or more voices that sound at the same time), as may be heard in his arrangement of Sederunt principes (Sederunt principles) (sound clip).
The Trouvères and the Troubadours are two types of street performers.
There were no restrictions on this music because it did not follow the traditions of the Church, and it was not even written down until sometime after the tenthcentury.
Even so, hundreds of these songs were written and performed (and much later recorded) by bands of musicians that flourished across Europe during the 12th and 13th centuries, the most renowned of whom were the French trouvères and troubadours, who were the most famous of all.
It is love, in all its incarnations of joy and agony, that is the theme of the vast majority of these songs.
Additionally, he has been recognized as the author of a large number of songs and verses, someof which take the form of themotet, a musical composition in which two or more separate lines are stitched together at the same time, without regard to what we now consider normal harmonies.
(sound clip) is an example of such a work.
Guillaume de Machaut and the Ars Nova Guillaume de Machaut was born in the Champagne area of France about 1300 and died in Rheims in 1377.
He remained at the court of John until the monarch’s death in battle at Crécy in 1346, during which time he worked as the king’s secretary.
Several significant patrons, including the future Charles V of France, sought out his talents as a composer and conductor.
Machautis is arguably most known for being the first composer to construct a polyphonic setting of the Ordinary of the Catholic Mass, which he did in 1845.
The “Gloria” from Machaut’s Messe de Notre Dame exemplifies the new style of the fourteenthcentury, which was dubbed theArs Nova by composers of the time (sound clip).
Despite the fact that the Mass is perhaps his most well-known work today, Machaut also penned scores of secular love songs, many of which were in the manner of the polyphonic Ars Nova or “new art,” which he admired.
The secular motets of the Middle Ages eventually developed into the massive quantity and outpouring of music produced by the great RenaissanceMadrigalists of the Renaissance period. Jason R. Ogan conducted research in 2001.
Meditating on the power of music
According to research, music may aid in meditation by delving into emotions as well as aiding in the development of attention. CLODAGH MULVEY is a fictional character created by author CLODAGH MULVEY. WAVES CRASHING INTO EACH OTHER There are a variety of noises you could hear originating from the CD section of many health food stores, like the sound of water sinking into silent pools, the sound of the tide lapping at the coast, and the sound of mother whales singing birthing melodies. These so-called “meditation music” albums are frequently available for purchase alongside angel cards and self-help books, and they are widely seen as belonging to the “new-age” approach to healing – and as such, as lacking in substance, depth, or significance.
- Although not only regarded legitimate, it is also believed to be a psychological trigger for relaxation that is buried deep within the human subconscious mind.
- However, he claims that music is not required for meditation; rather, it is only a tool to assist you in accessing what he refers to as a “naive state of happiness.” It has been shown that the emotional life of music may be highly beneficial to attaining a meditative state.
- While music provides pleasure, it is not the purpose of pleasure.” He argues that the Catholic church speaks of a “unique link” between Gregorian chant and the liturgy when it comes to Gregorian chant.
- “However, there’s more to it than that,” he explains further.
- “The chant does not have a metrical beat; instead, it has a more flowing rhythm.” It has a beat that is similar to the sound of waves smashing on the beach.
- Because it gives “a technique of coping with time,” Gregorian chant is particularly well suited for meditation.
- “When it comes to meditation, we need both the left and right brains working together: the left brain is good at focusing, while the right brain is good at relaxing,” he explains.
- However, he notes that occasionally people get so relaxed that they fall asleep and are unable to return to meditation.
Doherty believes that individuals of all ages, from moms to business professionals, come to his program seeking a method to “stop the relentless thinking.” During Doherty’s meditation sessions, he focuses on opening the “brain, heart, and stomach,” as well as discovering a “connection to everything, to source” through his practice.
In his words, “Sanskrit is a musical language, created to have a musical influence on the body’s system.” He believes that “A lot of the music I employ is heart-opening, but various musical definitions have different effects on different people’s systems.
Nevertheless, there is another side to it: “Music has a vibratory quality to it, and tones resonate with the mind, heart, and stomach,” he adds.
According to him, “you can genuinely feel that you’re living.” In terms of how music may either anchor or open up a person, there is an entire science behind it.
‘The music serves as an excellent counterpoint to the quiet.’ As a musical metaphor for the group’s frantic thinking,” In Wicklow town, a monastic community called The Servants of Love is composed of Celtic musicians, and their music, according to Brother Séamus Byrne, is designed to be a kind of meditation.
In his words, “I produce a type of music that I believe is calming, that conjures natural noises such as water, rain, and waves, that is strong and therapeutic.” According to him, “a lot of individuals find it difficult to meditate because their brains are so active.” While beautiful and engaging music engages you on the level of beauty, it also liberates you from the constraints of your intellect, since it does not draw you into thinking.” Byrne claims that his meditation music works by drawing the listener’s attention away from their thoughts – using the sounds of the Irish box flute or the apache spirit flute, for example.
Following that, it takes you on a spiritual trip – notably through the use of nature’s sounds – before guiding you into a state of relaxation and, eventually, serenity.
“However, you can’t meditate unless you’re completely calm.” THE IMPORTANCE OF CHILDREN’S STILLNESS During the last five years, the Sanctuary holistic center in Stoneybatter, Dublin, has been offering an after-school program for youngsters that incorporates meditation practices in order to bring them to “a moment of silence.” According to Niamh Bruce, the “Sanctuary for School” programs are mostly geared toward secondary schools.
They urge kids to participate in gardening, singing, story-telling, and sensory experiences throughout the course of ten weeks, drawing on knowledge from diverse traditions.
The ability to relax and concentrate are therefore critical for them in order to achieve a moment’s calm.
Under the guidance of Brother Richard Hendrick, a member of the Dublin Gospel Choir, they learn to focus on the breath and enjoy the sounds of different tones, gongs, and even Buddhist singing bowls.
According to Bruce, students have gained enhanced communication and focus abilities as well as the ability to work in a more collaborative and open manner after experiencing the quiet of a moment. www.sanctuary.ie
Why do some people hate Gregorian chant?
If one considers church music to be a living tradition, and chant to be a part of that tradition, one cannot help but see the upheavals of the early twentieth century, sparked by the Motu Proprio, as being partially responsible for the abandonment of plainsong in its entirety in the minds and hearts of so many members of the faithful. While living in a modern “EF” environment, it can be alluring to look back to the music of the immediate pre-conciliar period and consider this to be “the” tradition, one that stretches back to St.
- According to this point of view, the only significant rupture in that tradition in recent memory would have occurred in the 1960s.
- Following the Motu Proprio reforms, there was an unprecedented revolution in Catholic music that was both far-reaching and ambitious, and it was only partially effective.
- Parallel to this, much of the popular music of the day, as unpleasant it may be to think of it in that manner, was deemed improper, and “acceptable” pieces, by mediocre composers of the time, who were deemed more decorous, were brought in to replace it.
- As a result, the new chant books had already met with some opposition, especially nationalist opposition from non-French Europeans, and were not particularly simple to adopt at the parish level due to their inherent difficulty.
- As a result, it is understandable that the implementation of such reforms has been sporadic at best.
Because the living taproot, no matter how corrupted, that was tied in an organic, decentralized way to the broadest sense of the tradition had been uprooted in 2003 and 2008, and because the “new-old” ways of doing things had not had enough time to take root between generations, it was perhaps inevitable that the attachment to plainsong in its current Graduale form would be tenuous at best.
In addition, without that visceral sense of “this is how we did things” (ask my 60-year choir veterans, who serve in a very musically conservative parish) applying to Gregorian plainsong from the Graduale, an attempt to graft it onto a vernacular liturgy without a real powerhouse of an education program to accompany it will appear strange at best, hopelessly out of touch and alien at worst.
As if it came from another planet, this was an idea. (And while we’re on the subject of planets, what exactly is the conservative obsession with the abridgedplaneta? Gothic is fantastic.)
Clefs in Gregorian chant: complete guide [with examples]
Given that church music and chant are both considered to be living traditions, I cannot help but believe that the upheavals of the beginning of the twentieth century, sparked by the Motu Proprio, were a contributing factor to the widespread abandonment of plainsong in its entirety in the minds and hearts of so many members of the congregation. While living in a modern “EF” environment, it can be alluring to look back to the music of the immediate pre-conciliar period and consider this to be “the” tradition, one that stretches back to St.
- The 1960s, according to this perspective, were the only significant rupture with the tradition in recent memory.
- A revolutionary movement in Catholic music occurred after the Motu Proprio decision that was exceptionally wide-ranging and ambitious, but ultimately failed to achieve success.
- Similarly, in “figured” music, much of the popular music of the day, whatever unpleasant it may be to think of it in that manner, was deemed improper, and “acceptable” works, by mediocre composers of the time, who were deemed more decorous, were brought in to fill in the gaps.
- As a result, the new chant books had already met with some opposition, especially nationalist opposition from non-French Europeans, and were not particularly simple to adopt at the parish level due to their inherent difficulties.
- Because of this, it is understandable that the implementation of such reforms has been patchy at best.
Because the living taproot, no matter how corrupted, that was tied in an organic, decentralized way to the broadest sense of the tradition had been uprooted in 2003 and 2008, and because the “new-old” ways of doing things had not had enough time to take root between generations, it was perhaps inevitable that the attachment to plainsong in its present Graduale form would be tenuous at best.
And, without that visceral sense of “this is how we did things” (ask my 60-year choir veterans, who serve in a very musically conservative parish) applying to Gregorian plainsong from the Graduale, an attempt to graft it onto a vernacular liturgy without a real powerhouse of an education program to accompany it will appear strange at best, hopelessly out of touch and alien at worst.
As though it came from another planet, this idea was made. If we’re talking about planets, what is it with traditionalists’ obsession with the abridgedplaneta? It’s fantastic to be in Gothic mode.
C clef or Do clef
If one considers church music to be a living tradition, and chant to be a part of that tradition, one cannot help but see the upheavals of the early twentieth century, sparked by the Motu Proprio, as being partially responsible for the abandonment of plainsong in its entirety in the minds and hearts of so many of the faithful. While living in a modern “EF” environment, it can be alluring to look back to the music of the immediate pre-conciliar period and consider this to be “the” tradition, one that stretches back to St.
- According to this interpretation, the only significant rupture in that tradition in recent memory would have occurred in the 1960s.
- A revolutionary shift in Catholic music occurred after the Motu Proprio decision that was exceptionally wide-ranging and ambitious, yet it was only partially successful.
- Similarly, with “figured” music, much of the popular music of the day, whatever unpleasant it may be to think of it in that manner, was deemed improper, and “appropriate” works, by poor composers of the time, deemed more decorous, were brought in to replace it.
- As a result, the new chant books had already encountered some opposition, especially nationalist opposition from non-French Europeans, and were not particularly simple to implement at the parish level.
- As a result, it is understandable that the implementation of such reforms has been patchy at best.
As a result, with the living taproot, however corrupt, that was tied in an organic, decentralized way to the broadest sense of the tradition uprooted in 2003 and 2008, and with the “new-old” ways having had insufficient time to take root between generations, it was perhaps inevitable that the attachment of the broad sense of the faithful to plainsong in its current Graduale form would be tenuous at best.
Because the connection to any other type of plainsong had been painstakingly eradicated by the Church, it was probably all too simple to sweep it all away completely when the reforms were implemented.
As if it were an idea from another planet, (And while we’re on the subject of planets, what is it with the traditionalist commitment to the abridgedplaneta? Gothic is a fantastic style.)
F clef or Fa clef
Let me now focus my attention to the F clef and how it was represented in the Gregorian chanting system. Pay close attention to the following musical notation: Located at the top left of the four-line staff, the F clef is represented by a red circle around the sign. A square note and the C clef are combined to make this key in terms of graphical representation. When you look at the sample I’ve picked, the F clef is positioned on the third line of the staff and marks the position of the note F, as you would anticipate.
- However, the great majority of Gregorian musical compositions choose to use the F clef on the third line rather than the first.
- G is placed on the third line, and A is placed on the fourth line, as we progress higher.
- As previously stated, theclefs in Gregorian chant are used to indicate the relationships between half and whole notes, not to indicate an absolute frequency, so you are free to begin the piece at any pitch you want.
- Take a listen to this:
|Overview of the Gregorian Schola||What Gregorian Chant is|
|Leadership and Membership in the Gregorian Schola||The Place of Chant|
|Current Membership||Singing of Gregorian Chant|
|Performances of the Gregorian Schola||Local Chant Links|
|Forthcoming Performances||Page of Chant Links|
|Past Performances||Searchfor which chants have been performed by the Gregorian Schola|
|Joining the Gregorian Schola|
Overview of the Group
This group, known as the Gregorian Schola of St. Joseph Parish, was created in 1993 by Br. Christian Guertin, FFSC as an ensemble for performance and research, with the goal of cultivating, studying, and promoting the Gregorian chant as a musical art form. Performances are typically held in the framework of a Catholic mass, but this is not always the case. The Schola is dedicated to the study of Gregorian chant notation and history. There are several sources for the Latin chanting, including the “square note” neum notation in the Gregorian Missal and other sources.
The St. Joseph Catholic Church in Fayetteville, Arkansas, serves as the home of the Gregorian Schola. It typically sings during the Saturday 5 p.m. anticipatory mass, when it serves as the regular choir, as well as on feast days and other occasions. Each day’s “propers” are performed by the Schola, who also leads the congregation in singing a selection of the “ordinary” hymns of the day (e.g., “Sanctus,” and “Agnus Dei”). When it sings at mass, it distributes a sheet containing the Latin texts of the chants, as well as translations, for the congregation to use in prayer and meditation.
Paul’s Episcopal Church, the University of Arkansas, a few other area churches, and the Fayetteville Square are among the venues where the Schola (or a subset of its membership) has played.
It gave a performance at the Rogers Public Library in March of 2007. First Night in Fayetteville was held in December 2007, and the group played there.
- Performances by the Gregorian Schola in the near future
- Performances by the Gregorian Schola in the past
These links provide information on the hours, dates, liturgical days, and chants that were sung. To return to the top of the page, click here.
Leadership and Membership
Time, date, liturgical day and which chants were sung are all listed on these sites. The page will reload and you will be sent back to the top.
What Chant Is
The term “Gregorian Chant” refers to a massive corpus of liturgical music consisting of around three thousand songs that have been titled after Pope Gregory I over the centuries (reigned 590-604). In the Roman Catholic tradition, he has been attributed with the invention and regulation of plainsong. More information may be found in the list of chant resources. The Schola derives its name from Pope Gregory I, who established choir schools and scholas throughout Europe in order to promote the art of chant and chanting.
Joseph Catholic Church in Fayetteville, Arkansas, and aim to uncover the unique creative, spiritual, and theological elements that distinguish Gregorian music from other forms of music.
The Place of Chant in the Catholic Church
For centuries, Gregorian chant served as the official music of the Roman Catholic Church. Even though Christian chanting derived from Hebrew chants, Gregorian chant, as we know it now, is the most significant contribution made by the Catholic church to the musical legacy of the western world throughout the Middle Ages. The chants we sing now were probably also performed a thousand years ago, despite the fact that there has been substantial evolution throughout the ages. However, during the 1960s, the cry has seen a comeback in popularity, as shown below: Take, for example, the best-selling CD “Chant.” It is an essential element of the history and tradition of the Catholic Church to recite the rosary.
When it comes to the Roman liturgy, the Vatican II document Sacrosanctum Concilium declares that “Gregorian chant is uniquely adapted to the Roman liturgy,” and that “all things being equal, it should be accorded pride of place in liturgical services.” (See Section 116.) To return to the top of the page, click here.
This choir sings in Latin, using the “square note” neum notation found in the Gregorian Missal, among other sources. A capella (that is, without the accompaniment of an organ or other instruments) in unison, it sings the song. While learning Latin and notation takes some time, vocalists are able to catch up on these concepts very fast. We go over the Latin words one more time to aid with pronunciation, and most of the chants we sing are accompanied by English translations. Modern musical notation evolved from the Gregorian neum notation, and the similarities between the two aid in the learning process.
A majority of chants begin with the cantors (a group of two or three singers) intone the chant, which means they sing the first few notes alone, so that by the time the rest of the chorus joins in, they have a feel of where the composition is going.
On the internet, you may find examples of square note neum notation. To return to the top of the page, click here.
Invitation to Join
This choir sings in Latin, using the “square note” neum notation found in the Gregorian Missal and other sources as a foundation. Unaccompanied (that is, without the accompaniment of an organ or other instruments) in unison, it performs. While learning Latin and notation takes some time, vocalists are able to pick up on these concepts fast and effortlessly. For pronunciation practice, we go over the Latin terms, and the translations for most of the chants we sing are provided. Due to the similarity between modern musical notation and the Gregorian neum notation, learning to read and write music is much easier.
A majority of chants begin with the cantors (a group of two or three singers) intone the chant, that is, sing the first few notes alone, so that by the time the rest of the chorus joins in, they have a feel of where the song is going.
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- This choir sings in Latin, using the “square note” neum notation found in the Gregorian Missal and other sources as a guide. It sings in unison, a capella (that is, without the accompaniment of an organ or other instruments). While learning Latin and notation takes some time, vocalists are able to catch up on these concepts quite fast. We go over the Latin words one more time to aid with pronunciation, and most of the chants we sing come with translations. Modern musical notation evolved from Gregorian neum notation, and the similarities between the two make learning easier. The fact that we all sing the same notes at the same time (as opposed to part singing (soprano, alto, tenor, bass)) assists each of us in singing the correct notes. On most chants, the cantors (a group of two or three singers) intone the chant, that is, they sing the first few notes alone, so that by the time the rest of the chorus joins in, they have a feel of where the song is going. There are several examples of square note neum notation available on the internet. Return to the top of the page by clicking here.
To return to the top of the page, click here. You might also check out this website, which has dozens of links to information on Gregorian Chant. These materials have not been approved, sponsored, or given by the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville and are not endorsed by, affiliated with, or approved by the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. The following information was provided by Richard Lee, [email protected], on April 29, 2014:
New York Gregorian Chant Project
John Davis contributed to this article. Come and Sing Chant with us! Which of the following are your top priorities now, after months of disturbances to our way of life? Take advantage of the situation? Accomplish you want to live a healthier lifestyle, do activities that matter, and broaden your horizons? Perhaps more balance, awareness, and opportunities to take deep breaths? More tranquility? When our lives are turned upside down, it might be a good opportunity to reflect. But it’s also a good time to inject a little extra radiance, optimism, and happiness into our everyday routine.
They are a treasure for all individuals, and as you get to know them, you will discover how much they can enhance your life.
Whatever type of person you are, whether you are someone who hums along with your headphones on, shouts out your favorite showtunes while no one is looking, or someone who loves to sing loudly, you will find these ancient chants to be entertaining and intriguing.
This music is from the first century, and it is old, meditative, and profoundly spiritual in its expression and meaning.
The words are in Latin (don’t be intimidated by this; it’s not difficult to learn how to pronounce them!).
It is widely regarded and loved by both music experts and the general public for its repertoire of medieval Latin chant (also known as “Gregorian chant”).
Its sublimity and elegance are reflected in its expressive and meditative nature.
Singing with other people adds the dimension of being a part of a group, and it may even lead to the formation of new and intriguing friendships.
A community-oriented event dubbed “Come Sing Chant!” will be held on November 16 as part of the New York Gregorian Chant Project, which will be animated by Lawrence Harris.
The chants will be interspersed with brief film projections that will give an insight into the history, manuscripts, and aesthetic evolution of the chants.
It will take place on Tuesday, November 16, at 7:30 p.m.
John’s-in-the-Village, and it is open to the public (corner of 11th St.
There is no entry fee.
For further information, please contact [email protected]
A variety of choirs and groups, including the Conference of Roman Catholic Cathedral Musicians, have benefited from his chant seminar expertise.
Lawrence Harris took this photograph in 2021.
srcset=” 600w, 500w, 324w” sizes=”(max-width: 600px) 100vw, 600px”>Gregorian chant illuminated manuscript in the Library of the Cathedral of Siena, Italy. Lawrence Harris took this photograph in 2021.