Which Of The Following Is Not True About Gregorian Chant

Which among the following statement is NOT true about the Gregorian Chant? a. It is sung by priest and – Brainly.ph

Answer:Which of the following statements regarding the Gregorian Chant is NOT correct? Chants were composed verbally, as evidenced by the answer b. Explanation: The Roman Catholic Church’s liturgical music is known as Gregorian chantis. It might be in monophonic or unison, and it was employed to accompany the text of the mass as well as the canonical hours, or divine office, throughout the centuries. The emphasis is determined by the text, but the phrase is determined by the melodic contour. It was common for composers to set texts to traditional melodies, which they then modified and adapted to the needs of the text; some melodic formulas were used exclusively at the beginning of a chant, while others were used at the end of a chant or in both places; and others were used in either place or both places.

Each text syllable was evaluated in terms of its location within the word to which it belonged, defining variables such as “the syllable has or does not have the major accent,” “the syllable is or does not occur at the conclusion of a word,” and in terms of the specific sounds generated by the syllable (for instance, the syllable contains the vowel “i”).

Gregorian chanting without the use of a rhythm or a normal metric accent is a frequent modern practice that is primarily motivated by aesthetic considerations.

More intricate chants were performed by trained soloists and choruses.

Music Unit 2 Flashcards

Identify which one of the following statements regarding the Gregorian Chant is not correct. Chants were composed verbally, as evidenced by the following:b Explanation: The Roman Catholic Church’s liturgical music is based on the Gregorian chant style. When used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours, or holy office, it can be either monophonic or unison in style. In music, the emphasis is determined by the text, while the phrasing is determined by the melody’s melodic contour.

In Gregorian chant, the text setting is critical since it determines the sounds that will be created.

Also taken into consideration is the length of the syllables, which is measured in hundredths of a second.

This practice is primarily motivated by aesthetic concerns.

A greater variety of chants were performed by trained soloists and choruses. BRAINLYFAST

MUSIC APPRECIATION – Quizzes

Practice Test Number Two DESCRIPTION OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND RENAISSANCE (476-1400) ����Answers Questions with a true or false answer: 1. The term “Middle Ages” refers to a period of European history that spans over a thousand years. The majority of learning during the Middle Ages was monopolized by monks who lived in monasteries. Music manuscripts from the Middle Ages reveal that the majority of medieval music was instrumental in nature. 4. The Gregorian chant has a homophonic structure in terms of sound.

  1. The melodies of Gregorian chants tend to advance in leaps and bounds across a wide range of pitch values.
  2. Organum is a term used to refer to medieval music that comprises of Gregorian chant plus an extra melodic line in addition to the chant.
  3. During the Renaissance, educated individuals were frequently instructed in music, literature, drama, and visual arts.
  4. The texture of Renaissance music is predominantly homophonic in nature.
  5. A large portion of the instrumental dance music written during the Renaissance was intended for use in the ecclesiastical setting.
  6. Troubadours were poets and musicians who lived throughout the Middle Ages.
  7. During the 1400s, there was a decline in the emphasis placed on secular music.

During the Renaissance, solo instrumental music, particularly on the lute, witnessed an increase in popularity.

The madrigal’s text is religious in nature, while the texture is homophonic in nature.

The Renaissance madrigal was very expressive, employing tactics such as word painting to achieve this effect.

The Renaissance Mass was composed in a single movement for singers and instruments.

The creation of the printing press in Western Europe was a development associated with the Renaissance period.

The Second Part consists of the following sections: Fill in the blanks 18.

The few surviving medieval dances, as well as the music that accompanied them, are collectively referred to as_.

Hildegard of Bingen is recognized by the following titles: a.

The mother of Richard the Lion-Hearted was a nun, a church composer, a natural historian, and a poet.

Who has usually been tasked with the task of collecting and codifying the chants of the Catholic Church?

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Single line melodies from the early Christian Church that are performed in unison are referred to as_.

It has a monophonic texture in terms of sound.

It is mostly always not metricated.

24.

Which of the following genres was most popular among medieval entertainers?

Chants of the Gregorian calendar 25.

26.

This was dubbed as_ by the media.

In the Renaissance mass, melodies travel from one voice to another, mimicking one another; this texture is referred as as_.

This is the name given to the expressive method employed by Renaissance composers to musically pictorialize words from sung text.

31.

32.

33.

a.Mass celebrated by Pope Marcellus A Madrigal in the style of “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending Descending” by Thomas Weelkes; c.Organum Leonin’s on the theme of “Benedicamus Domino” by William Byrd; d.Monsiers Almain by William Byrd 34.

This technique is known as_ 35.

a.

dancing musicc.

instrumental music to accompany the singing in church.

There were two forms of Renaissance chansons: the pavane and the galliard.

Raissance danced in the same meter as a couple of Raissance dancers d.

35 Which of the following works was authored by Bernard de Ventadorn?

What is the title of the work composed by Hildegard of Bingen?

Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.

Motet “Quant en moyd.

Troubadour song “La dousa votz 38 Which of the following works was authored by Guillaume de Machaut?

Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.

Motet “Quant en moyd.

Troubadour song “La dousa votz For number forty, which of the following works was written by Leonin or Perotin?

Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.

Motet “Quant en moyd.

Troubadour song “La dousa votz 41.

a.

Lute solo “Fantasia No.

Madrigal “As Vesta was” d.

Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No. 7” John Dowland is the author of which piece of work? a. Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No. 7” c. Madrigal “As Vesta was” d. Pavane “Celeste giglio” a. Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No. 7” Reactions to the question

Gregorian chant

No. 2 of the Practice Exam THE MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE PERIODES (476-1400) ����Answers Questions with a true or false answer include the following: In Europe, the word “Middle Ages” refers to a period of over a thousand years in history. The majority of learning throughout the Middle Ages was monopolized by monks in monasteries. 2. According to the evidence found in medieval music manuscripts, most medieval music was instrumental in character. A homophonic texture can be seen in the textures of Gregorian chant.

  1. The term “Organum” is used to describe a type of medieval music in which Gregorian chant is combined with an extra melodic line.
  2. During the Renaissance, educated individuals were frequently instructed in music, literature, theater, and visual arts.
  3. Eighth, the texture of Renaissance music is predominantly homophonic in nature.
  4. A large portion of the instrumental dance music created during the Renaissance was intended for use in the churches.
  5. A group of Medieval writers and musicians known as Troubadours was born.
  6. There was a decline in the emphasis placed on secular music beginning in the 1400s.
  7. Solo instrumental music, particularly on the lute, grew in popularity throughout the Renaissance.

The madrigal’s text is religious in nature, and the texture is homophonic.

It was a one-movement piece for voices and instruments, entitled the Renaissance Mass.

Western Europe’s Renaissance growth was characterized by the advent of the printing press.

18.

18.

is referred to as_.

is also known as Minnesingerb.

a nun who was also a church composer, natural historian, and poetd.

When it comes to the chants of the Church, who has traditionally been responsible for collecting and cataloguing them?

Single line melodies from the early Christian Church that are performed in unison are referred to as_ Gregorian chant contains the following falsehoods: 23.

A harmonious background is provided.

Most of the time, it is in conjunction with another motion.

Performers and players of which type of music were the most common among medieval entertainers who played instruments, danced, and performed tricks?

Canticle Gregorian 25.

Twenty-sixth, music changed dramatically throughout the Medieval period, with advancements in rhythm, meter, counterpoint, and harmony taking place.

The_, a fretted string instrument with a pear-shaped body that was immensely popular during the Renaissance, was a fretted string instrument that was comparable to the guitar.

Performance refers to the presentation of a vocal piece without the use of an instrument.

The following person played an important role in the Protestant Reformation: 31.

In the Renaissance, what was the predominant vocal genre of secular music?

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33.

a.Mass of Pope Marcellus A Madrigal in the style of “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending Descending” by Thomas Weelkes; c.Organum Leonin’s on the theme of “Benedicamus Domino” by William Byrd; d.Monsiers Almain by William Byrd; 34.

a.

dancing musicc.

instrumental music to accompany the singing in church 36.

two distinct styles of Renaissance chansons, the pavane and the galliard In Renaissance masses, there were a variety of forms to choose from.

Bernard de Ventadorn wrote which piece of literature?

In this section, you’ll find the plainchant “Columba aspexit,” the organum “Alleluia,” the motet “Quant en moy,” and the song “La dousa votz” from the Troubadours.

A.

Organum “Alleluiac.

Troubadour song “La dousa votz” d.

The author Guillaume de Machaut wrote which book, number 39.

Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.

Motet “Quant en moyd.

Troubadour song “La dousa votzd.

A.

Organum “Alleluiac.

Troubadour song “La dousa votz” d.

a piece by Josquin Desprez or Giovanni Palestrina, depending on your preference.

Madrigal “As Vesta was” d.

Mass “Pange lingua” b.

Madrigal “As Vesta was” d.

Pavane “Pange lingua” John Dowland is the author of which piece of literature? 42. As Vesta was” c. Madrigal “As Vesta was” d. Pavane “Celeste giglio” a. Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No.” 7″ c. Madrigal “As Vesta was” d. Pavane “Pange lingua” Questions and Answers

No. 2855: Gregorian Chant

Today, plain and simple. The University of Houston�s College of Engineering presents this series about the machines that make our civilization run, and the people whose ingenuity created them.I t�s easy to take the rich textures of today�s music for granted. Whether listening to a symphony or a rock band, the many layers of instruments and vocals create complex, captivating harmonies. How boring music would be if everything we listened to was mere melody — a lone voice floating on the wind.Yet for much of history that�s exactly what music consisted of. In western civilization we see this quite starkly in the music of the Roman Catholic Church.Cantus planus, orplainchant, refers to the form of music used in Church liturgy for almost a thousand years. Plainchant could be sung by one or many voices, but always consisted of a single, unaccompanied melody.Many different plainchant traditions developed, but central to Church history, and by extension to the history of western music, wasGregorian chant. Gregorian chant is distinguished by its own stylistic elements, but also as the result of formal efforts by the Church to capture and codify plainchant for Church liturgy. It led to the development of an early form of musical notation that bears many similarities to our present notation. Gregorian chant is traditionally credited to the efforts of Saint Gregory the Great, who served as Pope at the turn of the seventh century. However, its actual origins remain open to debate.Much of what is popularly considered Gregorian chant is actuallyorganum. Organum permits the use of more than a single melodic line. The harmonies are often quite simple, but organum proved an important milestone on the road to modern music.The use of Gregorian chant waned in the late Middle Ages as it was supplanted by ever more elaborate musical forms. But it never altogether disappeared. Gregorian chant is no longer required as part of Roman Catholic liturgy, but its use is still encouraged.And it has a following beyond church walls. In 1994 the Angel record label released a recording of Gregorian chants performed by Spanish monks. Marketed as a remedy for stress, it went triple platinum in the U.S. and sold six million copies worldwide. A similar feat was achieved by Austrian monks in 2008, who also sold millions of recordings, mostly in Europe.I for one am glad music�s evolved beyond the limited structures found in plainchant. Still, its haunting simplicity coupled with the acoustics of stone abbeys or cathedrals is admittedly transcendent.I�m Andy Boyd at the University of Houston, where we�re interested in the way inventive minds work.(Theme music)


Notes and references:Gregorian Chant.The Florida Schola Cantorum website. Accessed January 15, 2013.Gregorian Chant. Wikipedia.. Accessed January 15, 2013.The Gregorian Chant: An examination of the ancient musical and spiritual tradition. From theCross Rhythms website. Accessed January 15, 2013.Plain Chant. From the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, taken from thisWikisource website. Accessed January 15, 2013.All pictures are from Wikimedia Commons.This episode was first aired on January 17, 2013.The Engines of Our Ingenuity is Copyright © 1988-2013 by John H. Lienhard.


Free Music Flashcards about MUS 165

Question Answer
The traditional Gregorian chant sung at funerals? Dies Irae
The monophonic chant originally sung unaccompanied in Latin by monks and priests in the Roman Catholic Church? Gregorian Chant
A ritual for public worship? Liturgy
The parts of the Mass that are ordinarily included, regardless of the church season: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei. Ordinary
The portion of the Mass that is “proper” for a designated day in the church year? Proper
The funeral Mass of the Roman Catholic Church? Requim
Two composers at the Nortre Dame Cathederal in Paris who experimented in polyphonic music and were among the first to write in rhythmic modes? Leonin and Perotin
French composer who also wrote poetry and is generally considered to be the first to write a complete polyphonic setting of the Mass Ordinary? Guilllame de Machaut (1300-1377)
A preexisting melody that is used as the basis for a polyphonic vocal work? Cantus Firmus
A low, continuous sound that lasts throughout a piece of music? Drone
An instrumental dance during the Middle Ages? Estampie
A sacred composition for voices? Motet
The constant repetition of certain rhythm patterns, much like poetic meters? Rhythmic modes
Flemish composer who was the highest paid composer of his time, he also perfected the point of imitation compositional technique? Josquin Des Prez (1440-1521)
German woman who believed she received visions from God and wrote music, including Ordo Virtutum, an early morality play? Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
An Italian composer who was the perfection of the Renaissance A Capella style? Palestrina (1526-1594)
An English composer known mainly for his church music and madrigals? Thomas Weelkes (1576-1623)
Unaccompanied choral music is? A capella
A French polyphonic song of the seventeenth century? Chanson
A free, secular, imitative work for voices? Madrigal
A sacred vowel composition developed during the Renaissance? Renaissance Motet
The compositional technique of having the musical sounds reinforce the words being sung? Text (Word) Painting
The music of the early Greeks sounded like? No one knows what it really sounded like
A Greek chorus accompanied dramas with melodic songs. False (The chorus did not sing, however; instead, it chanted in a singsong style.)
A mass for the dead includes all but which one of the following Gloria
Gregorian chant has no? All of these choices (Metrical rhythm, Harmony, Dramatic qualities, Major/Minor scales)
Many of the practices of the Christian church were adapted from? Judaism
The original notation of the Gregorian chant consisted of square notes and no indication of meter. True
Gregorian chants were basically hymns sung by the congregation at worship services. False
The early Greek who discovered the basic acoustical quality of musical sounds was? Pythagoras
An important Greek philosopher who strongly advocated music as essential for an educated person was? Plato
Does not have a metrical rhythm? Gregorian chant
The Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei constitute what part of the Mass? The Ordinary
Hildegard’s Ordo Virtutum is? A morality Play
All parts of Ordo Virtutum were sung except? The devil’s
The approximate years of the medieval period are? 1100-1450
Chivalry was an outlook or attitude that? Glorified women
Polyphony began? When Monks and Priests tired of Gregorian Chant
Polyphony in music is? Two or more different melodies being performed at the same time
Leonin and Perotin had all but which of the following in common? They sought recognition for their music throughout France
This is true of medieval motets. They were based on a phrase of Gregorian Chant.
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What is Gregorian Chant – GIA Publications

Before reviewing the main Gregorian chant books and resources, perhaps it is good to state what Gregorian chant is.Gregorian chant is the church’s own music, born in the church’s liturgy. Its texts are almost entirely scriptural, coming for the most part from the Psalter. For centuries it was sung as pure melody, in unison, and without accompaniment, and this is still the best way to sing chant if possible. It was composed entirely in Latin; and because its melodies are so closely tied to Latin accents and word meanings, it is best to sing it in Latin.

Although Pope St.

Taizé chants, for example, are generally in Latin, similar to Gregorian chant antiphons.

They are much like Gregorian chant psalm tones with their free rhythm and their repeatable melodic formulas.

The Gregorian psalm tones are well suited to the Latin language, but do not work very well with English accents, unless one takes freedom in adapting them.

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