Music Quiz 2 – Subjecto.com
|The beginning of the Middle Ages was marked by the_.||fall of the Roman Empire|
|During the Middle Ages, all power came from whichreligious organization?||The Roman Catholic Church|
|Which secular leader in the Middle Ages promoted astrong, centralized government?||Charlemagne|
|The main European port for cultural exchange ofEastern luxuries was:||Venice|
|The violent series of events that took place aspart of an attempt to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims is known as:||the Crusades|
|During the Renaissance, lands new to the Europeanswere discovered, including _.||the Americas|
|One of the major advancements in the Renaissancewas the invention of printing, pioneered by:||Johannes Gutenberg|
|Which of the following was a Renaissance artist?||Leonardo da Vinci|
|The most universally idealized woman in Westernculture during the Middle Ages was _.||the Virgin Mary|
|Who were the most prominent performers of secularmusic in medieval France?||troubadours and trouvères|
|Musicians could find employment in which of thefollowing professions?||instrument building, teaching, copyists|
|The early Christian church had very little power inEurope during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.||False|
|The Middle Ages spanned nearly one thousand years.||True|
|Our understanding of the musical culture of ancientcivilizations is limited by the few fragments of music that have survived.||True|
|Trade flourished in the later Middle Ages, when amerchant class arose outside of feudal society.||True|
|The Renaissance marks the passing of Europeansociety from a predominately secular society to a more sacred one.||False|
|Compared to the MiddleAges, more professional womenmusicians made their mark in society in the Renaissance.||True|
|The literature of ancient Greece and Rome was oflittle interest to artists and writers of the Renaissance.||False|
|The Middle East had no influence on Europeanmusical styles.||False|
|The major narrative of Western musical developmentbegins with notated music.||True|
|Music performed with exchanges between a soloistand chorus is called _.||responsorial singing|
|Which of the following is NOT true of Gregorianchant (plainchant) melodies?||They are in Hebrew and Syrian|
|Hildegard of Bingen was born into a _ noblefamily.||German|
|Modal melodies of the early Christian church aresimilar to melodies and scales from _.||The Middle East|
|In chant from the Middle Ages, if there are manynotes per syllable, the style is called _.||melismatic|
|When multiple people sing a monophonic chanttogether, it is called singing in_?||unison|
|Hildegard’s collection of poetry and visions iscalled:||Scivias|
|How many Gregorian chants survive?||over three thousand|
|What musical aspect is found in Hildegard’s praisesongs, but is not found in most Gregorian chant?||wide leaps|
|What might explain why medieval chants can soundunfamiliar to a modern listener?||they are modal|
|The term liturgy refers to the set order of churchservices and the structure of each service.||True|
|Gregorian chant features regularly phrased melodiclines supported by instrumental accompaniment.||False|
|The chants of the church used only the major andminor scale patterns found in later music.||False|
|Hildegard’s chant Alleluia, O virga mediatrix wasintended for performance on a feast day of the Virgin Mary.||True|
|The text setting in Alleluia, O virga mediatrix ismostly syllabic.||False|
|Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgo mediatrix is aGregorian chant.||False|
|In the Middle Ages, it was assumed that women weredivinely connected.||False|
|Hildegard took her vows at age fourteen.||True|
|Pope Gregory the Great composed all of theGregorian chant melodies.||False|
|Music, mathematics, geometry, and astronomy werethe four topics considered essential to medieval _.||education|
|Which secular medieval musicians entertainedaudiences at the higher social levels?||troubadours|
|What was the period that immediately preceded theArs nova called?||Ars antiqua|
|How does Machaut convey the medieval fascinationfor puzzles in Ma fin est mon commencement?||palindromic structure|
|Which of the following is/are poetic forms used inmedieval chansons?:||all of these choices|
|Which of the following is NOT a medievalwriter/poet?||Pythagoras|
|Where did Machaut work as a priest?||Reims Cathedral|
|Which of the following topics might be found inmedieval lyrics?||unrequited love, politics, songs of the Crusades|
|Machaut’s own poetry often centers around the ideaof:||medieval chivalry|
|With whom did Machaut exchange poems and letters?||Peronne|
|Religious wars and medieval explorations enhancedcultural exchange.||True|
|The last part of the Middle Ages is referred to asthe Ars nova.||True|
|In the Western tradition, music historically hasnot been linked to mathematics and geometry.||False|
|Composers in the Ars nova style wrote both sacredand secular songs.||True|
|Machaut took holy orders, but worked for multipleFrench courts.||True|
|Machaut was the first composer to self-consciouslyattempt a compositional legacy.||True|
|There was an interest in both the regularity andcomplexity of musical patterns during the Ars nova.||True|
|All chansons are monophonic||False|
|The Ars Nova began around the early 1400s in Italy.||False|
|Machaut only wrote sacred music||False|
|The mood of Farmer’s madrigal Fair Phyllis can bestbe described as _.||light and pastoral|
|Farmer’s Fair Phyllis is written for _ voices.||four|
|Farmer “paints” the first line of thetext, “Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone,” through the musicaluse of _.||monophony|
|At which point in the text of Fair Phyllis does thework change to an imitative texture?||“Up and down he wandered”|
|Which of the following instruments was likely foundin prosperous homes during the Renaissance?||lute|
|In addition to the Italian madrigal, what othergenre arose from the union of poetry and music?||French chanson|
|In which of the following ways did Renaissancecomposers enhance the emotional content of madrigals?||through the use of madrigalisms|
|Which of the following composers was influential inthe later Italian madrigal tradition?||Claudio Monteverdi|
|Which of the following statements are true inregard to typical English madrigals?||All choices are correct|
|The performing forces for Farmer’s madrigal consistof a four-voice SATB ensemble.||True|
|The English madrigal preceded the development ofthe Italian madrigal by some twenty years.||False|
|The text of John Farmer’s Fair Phyllis refers toreal historical figures.||False|
|Both Italian and English madrigals often featureword-painting.||True|
|Sometimes humorous madrigals would have a refrainof syllables such as “fa la la.”||True|
The Middle Ages
Historically, the traditions of Western music may be traced back to the social and theological changes that occurred in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, which corresponded to the period roughly spanning 500 to 1400 years before the present. Because of the dominance of the early Christian Church during this time period, religious music was the most common type of music heard. The development of church music began with Gregorian Chant and progressed to a polyphonic melody known asorganum, which was sung at Notre Dame in Paris around the eleventh century.
Before the Middle Ages, music had been a part of the world’s civilizations for hundreds of years, if not thousands of years.
- The term music stems from the ancient Greek muses, who were nine goddesses of art and knowledge who were worshipped in ancient Greece.
- Pythagoras and others were responsible for establishing the Greekmodes, which are scales composed of entire tones and halfsteps.
- The early Church was able to assert ultimate control over these feudal lords primarily via the use of superstitious terror.
- In these days and times, western music was almost the exclusive property of the Christian Church.
- Christianplainchant, like all music in the Western culture until to this point, was monophonic: that is, it consisted of a single melody with no harmonic support or accompaniment.
- The melodies are loose and appear to roam, as if they are being guided by the Latin liturgical texts to which they have been composed.
- In the sixth century, it was claimed that Pope Gregory I (reigned 590-604) standardized them, ensuring universal usage across the Western Church.
In the Easter hymn, Victimae paschali laudes, you may get a sense of the clear, floating melody that it has.
(Insert audio clip) The Ars Antiqua and Notre Dame are two of the most famous buildings in the world.
Organum was the name given to the hollow-sounding music that resulted as a result of this process during the following hundred years.
This was followed by a slow singing of the original chant tune in the tenor voice, with additional melodies weaving around and embellishing the resultant drone.
1163-1190), who produced organa for two voices, and his successor Pérotin (fl.
Pérotin’s work is an exceptional example of this extremely early type of polyphony (music for two or more voices that sound at the same time), as may be heard in his arrangement of Sederunt principes (Sederunt principles) (sound clip).
The Trouvères and the Troubadours are two types of street performers.
There were no restrictions on this music because it did not follow the traditions of the Church, and it was not even written down until sometime after the tenthcentury.
Even so, hundreds of these songs were written and performed (and much later recorded) by bands of musicians that flourished across Europe during the 12th and 13th centuries, the most renowned of whom were the French trouvères and troubadours, who were the most famous of all.
It is love, in all its incarnations of joy and agony, that is the theme of the vast majority of these songs.
Additionally, he has been recognized as the author of a large number of songs and verses, someof which take the form of themotet, a musical composition in which two or more separate lines are stitched together at the same time, without regard to what we now consider normal harmonies.
(sound clip) is an example of such a work.
Guillaume de Machaut and the Ars Nova Guillaume de Machaut was born in the Champagne area of France about 1300 and died in Rheims in 1377.
He remained at the court of John until the monarch’s death in battle at Crécy in 1346, during which time he worked as the king’s secretary.
Several significant patrons, including the future Charles V of France, sought out his talents as a composer and conductor.
Machautis is arguably most known for being the first composer to construct a polyphonic setting of the Ordinary of the Catholic Mass, which he did in 1845.
The “Gloria” from Machaut’s Messe de Notre Dame exemplifies the new style of the fourteenthcentury, which was dubbed theArs Nova by composers of the time (sound clip).
Despite the fact that the Mass is perhaps his most well-known work today, Machaut also penned scores of secular love songs, many of which were in the manner of the polyphonic Ars Nova or “new art,” which he admired.
The secular motets of the Middle Ages eventually developed into the massive quantity and outpouring of music produced by the great RenaissanceMadrigalists of the Renaissance period. Jason R. Ogan conducted research in 2001.
a Greek 2 Hildegard of Bingen was born into a noble family a German 3 Hildegards
A.Greek 2.Hildegard of Bingen was born into a aristocratic family, according to tradition. Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgo mediatrix is sung to the accompaniment of Gregorian chant. 4.Hildegard’s chantAlleluia, O virga mediatrixwas written with the intention of being performed on the Feast of the Virgin Mary. 5.How many Gregorian chants have been preserved? 6.When there are multiple notes per word in plainchant from the Middle Ages, the style is referred to as 7.Which of the following statements about Hildegard of Bingen is NOT correct?
- 9.Beginning in the Middle Ages, monasteries were crucial in the creation of worship music.
- A soloist and a chorus play a piece of music called plainchant, which has all of the following musical characteristics except for the last one:11.
- 14.Can you tell me what the Mass is?
- Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a mostly syllabic text arrangement (see page 18).
- 20.Can you tell me about the everyday offices?
- 22.Can you think of anything that could explain why medieval chants can sound strange to a modern listener?
- What musical feature may be found in Hildegard’s praise songs that is not found in most Gregorian chants?
- _, little ascending and descending symbols printed above the lyrics that suggested the contour of the melodic line, assisted vocalists in recalling the general shapes of the various melodies.
- The term2 refers to a regular pattern of long and short notes that is repeated or modified over and over.
Gregorian chant is a type of liturgical music performed in unison or in monophony by the Roman Catholic Church to accompany the readings of the mass and the canonical hours, sometimes known as the divine office. The Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I, who was Pope from 590 to 604 and during whose reign it was collected and codified. King Charlemagne of the Franks (768–814) brought Gregorian Chant into his country, which had previously been dominated by another liturgical style, the Gallican chant, which was in general usage.
The passages that are repeated from one mass to the next are included in theOrdinary of the Mass.
The first appearance of the Gloria was in the 7th century.
The Gloria chants that follow are neumatic.
TheSanctus andBenedictus are most likely from the period of the apostles.
Since its introduction into the Latin mass from the Eastern Church in the 7th century, theAgnus Dei has been written mostly in neumatic form.
The Proper of the Mass is a collection of texts that are different for each mass in order to highlight the significance of each feast or season celebrated that day.
During the 9th century, it had taken on its current form: a neumatic refrain followed by a psalm verse in psalm-tone style, followed by the refrain repeated.
As time progressed, it evolved into the following pattern: opening melody (chorus)—psalm verse or verses in a virtuously enriched psalmodic structure (soloist)—opening melody (chorus), which was repeated in whole or in part.
Its structure is similar to that of the Gradual in several ways.
Synagogue music has a strong connection to this cry.
Sacred poems, in their current form, the texts are written in double-line stanzas, with the same accentuation and amount of syllables on both lines for each two lines.
By the 12th century, just the refrain had survived from the original psalm and refrain.
The Offertory is distinguished by the repeating of text.
The song has a neumatic feel to it.
Responses are short texts that precede or follow each psalm and are mostly set in syllabic chant; psalms, with each set to a psalm tone; hymns, which are usually metrical and in strophes or stanzas and set in a neumatic style; and antiphons or refrains, which are short texts that precede or follow each psalm and are mostly set in syllabic The Gradual’s form and style are influenced by the sponsor’s contribution.
Amy Tikkanen has made the most current revisions and updates to this page.