Test 1 Flashcards
University of Bloomsburg’s MUSIC 101: Music Listening In general, the smaller the vibrating part, the higher the pitch of the vibration. A. softer B. lower C. louder D. louder A. softer B. lower C. higher An A. dynamic accent is a term used to describe the gap between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument may generate. B. the timbre C. the range of pitch D. an octave of pitch This transition from one key to another within the same piece is referred to as _quality of sound of an instrument or voice is also known as _a shift from one key to another within the same composition is referred to as A.
any twelve random notes that are played on the instrument D.
The three-part form is represented by the letters A.
- ABA’ D.
- all answers are correctD.
- all answers are right A.
- When it comes to music, A.
- how it makes you feel when you listen to it, all responses are valid.
- whether it is monophonic, homophonic, or polyphonic (n) An arpeggio, a consonant chord transitioning to a dissonant chord, a composer making the decision to construct a piece, and a dissonant chord transitioning to a consonant chord D.
- vibrato B.
There are no other orchestral drums with a consistent pitch than the .
It is the practice of placing a focus in music where it is not anticipated.
kept some features of the Jewish synagogue from the first decades after Christ B.
is set to sacred Latin texts D.
All of the responses are correct.
It is often polyphonic.
the melodies tend to progress in a step-by-step manner within a limited range of pitchesB.
composed all of the Gregorian chants B.
reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during his reign from 590 to 604 D.
reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during his reign from 590-604 D.
reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during his reign from 590-604 D.
types of religious ceremony, B.
the basic scales of western music during the Middle Ages were D.
she sang at all church services; B.
she was not authorized to participate in church services; B.
The travelling minstrels, or jongleurs, of the Middle Ages were known as jongleurs.
they lived on the lowest level of society B.
they performed music and acrobatics at castles, taverns, and town squares D.
the French nobles began to sing hunting songs together B.
Musicians composed new music to accompany dancing The first step towards the development of polyphony was taken sometime between 700 and 900 when: B.
In some ways, the Renaissance may be regarded as an age ofA.
discovery and adventure C.
all answers are correctD.
all answers are accurate It is considered a _Thomas Weelkes’s piece_ when a composition for numerous solo voices is adapted to a short poem, most commonly about love.
The was the most often used instrument in the Renaissance household, according to historians.
the Reformation B.
the Counter-Reformation When it came to the Renaissance, every educated person was expected to: A.
play a musical instrument C.
be proficient in dancing D. all answers are right For example, a large proportion of instrumental music created during Renaissance times was meant for A) the performance hall B) religious services C) dance and singing accompaniment C. dance and musical accompaniment to a song
MUSIC APPRECIATION – Quizzes
Practice Test Number Two DESCRIPTION OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND RENAISSANCE (476-1400) ����Answers Questions with a true or false answer: 1. The term “Middle Ages” refers to a period of European history that spans over a thousand years. The majority of learning during the Middle Ages was monopolized by monks who lived in monasteries. Music manuscripts from the Middle Ages reveal that the majority of medieval music was instrumental in nature. 4. The Gregorian chant has a homophonic structure in terms of sound.
- The melodies of Gregorian chants tend to advance in leaps and bounds across a wide range of pitch values.
- Organum is a term used to refer to medieval music that comprises of Gregorian chant plus an extra melodic line in addition to the chant.
- During the Renaissance, educated individuals were frequently instructed in music, literature, drama, and visual arts.
- The texture of Renaissance music is predominantly homophonic in nature.
- A large portion of the instrumental dance music written during the Renaissance was intended for use in the ecclesiastical setting.
- Troubadours were poets and musicians who lived throughout the Middle Ages.
- During the 1400s, there was a decline in the emphasis placed on secular music.
During the Renaissance, solo instrumental music, particularly on the lute, witnessed an increase in popularity.
The madrigal’s text is religious in nature, while the texture is homophonic in nature.
The Renaissance madrigal was very expressive, employing tactics such as word painting to achieve this effect.
The Renaissance Mass was composed in a single movement for singers and instruments.
The creation of the printing press in Western Europe was a development associated with the Renaissance period.
The Second Part consists of the following sections: Fill in the blanks 18.
The few surviving medieval dances, as well as the music that accompanied them, are collectively referred to as_.
Hildegard of Bingen is recognized by the following titles: a.
The mother of Richard the Lion-Hearted was a nun, a church composer, a natural historian, and a poet.
Who has usually been tasked with the task of collecting and codifying the chants of the Catholic Church?
Single line melodies from the early Christian Church that are performed in unison are referred to as_.
It has a monophonic texture in terms of sound.
It is mostly always not metricated.
Which of the following genres was most popular among medieval entertainers?
Chants of the Gregorian calendar 25.
This was dubbed as_ by the media.
In the Renaissance mass, melodies travel from one voice to another, mimicking one another; this texture is referred as as_.
This is the name given to the expressive method employed by Renaissance composers to musically pictorialize words from sung text.
a.Mass celebrated by Pope Marcellus A Madrigal in the style of “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending Descending” by Thomas Weelkes; c.Organum Leonin’s on the theme of “Benedicamus Domino” by William Byrd; d.Monsiers Almain by William Byrd 34.
This technique is known as_ 35.
instrumental music to accompany the singing in church.
There were two forms of Renaissance chansons: the pavane and the galliard.
Raissance danced in the same meter as a couple of Raissance dancers d.
35 Which of the following works was authored by Bernard de Ventadorn?
What is the title of the work composed by Hildegard of Bingen?
Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.
Motet “Quant en moyd.
Troubadour song “La dousa votz 38 Which of the following works was authored by Guillaume de Machaut?
Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.
Motet “Quant en moyd.
Troubadour song “La dousa votz For number forty, which of the following works was written by Leonin or Perotin?
Plainchant “Columba aspexitb.
Motet “Quant en moyd.
Troubadour song “La dousa votz 41.
Lute solo “Fantasia No.
Madrigal “As Vesta was” d.
Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No. 7” John Dowland is the author of which piece of work? a. Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No. 7” c. Madrigal “As Vesta was” d. Pavane “Celeste giglio” a. Mass “Pange lingua” b. Lute solo “Fantasia No. 7” Reactions to the question
Which among the following statement is NOT true about the Gregorian Chant? a. It is sung by priest and – Brainly.ph
Answer:Which of the following statements regarding the Gregorian Chant is NOT correct? Chants were composed verbally, as evidenced by the answer b. Explanation: The Roman Catholic Church’s liturgical music is known as Gregorian chantis. It might be in monophonic or unison, and it was employed to accompany the text of the mass as well as the canonical hours, or divine office, throughout the centuries. The emphasis is determined by the text, but the phrase is determined by the melodic contour. It was common for composers to set texts to traditional melodies, which they then modified and adapted to the needs of the text; some melodic formulas were used exclusively at the beginning of a chant, while others were used at the end of a chant or in both places; and others were used in either place or both places.
Each text syllable was evaluated in terms of its location within the word to which it belonged, defining variables such as “the syllable has or does not have the major accent,” “the syllable is or does not occur at the conclusion of a word,” and in terms of the specific sounds generated by the syllable (for instance, the syllable contains the vowel “i”).
Gregorian chanting without the use of a rhythm or a normal metric accent is a frequent modern practice that is primarily motivated by aesthetic considerations.
More intricate chants were performed by trained soloists and choruses.
Gregorian chant is a type of liturgical music performed in unison or in monophony by the Roman Catholic Church to accompany the readings of the mass and the canonical hours, sometimes known as the divine office. The Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I, who was Pope from 590 to 604 and during whose reign it was collected and codified. King Charlemagne of the Franks (768–814) brought Gregorian Chant into his country, which had previously been dominated by another liturgical style, the Gallican chant, which was in general usage.
- The passages that are repeated from one mass to the next are included in theOrdinary of the Mass.
- The first appearance of the Gloria was in the 7th century.
- The Gloria chants that follow are neumatic.
- TheSanctus andBenedictus are most likely from the period of the apostles.
- Since its introduction into the Latin mass from the Eastern Church in the 7th century, theAgnus Dei has been written mostly in neumatic form.
- The Proper of the Mass is a collection of texts that are different for each mass in order to highlight the significance of each feast or season celebrated that day.
- During the 9th century, it had taken on its current form: a neumatic refrain followed by a psalm verse in psalm-tone style, followed by the refrain repeated.
As time progressed, it evolved into the following pattern: opening melody (chorus)—psalm verse or verses in a virtuously enriched psalmodic structure (soloist)—opening melody (chorus), which was repeated in whole or in part.
Its structure is similar to that of the Gradual in several ways.
Synagogue music has a strong connection to this cry.
Sacred poems, in their current form, the texts are written in double-line stanzas, with the same accentuation and amount of syllables on both lines for each two lines.
By the 12th century, just the refrain had survived from the original psalm and refrain.
The Offertory is distinguished by the repeating of text.
The song has a neumatic feel to it.
Responses are short texts that precede or follow each psalm and are mostly set in syllabic chant; psalms, with each set to a psalm tone; hymns, which are usually metrical and in strophes or stanzas and set in a neumatic style; and antiphons or refrains, which are short texts that precede or follow each psalm and are mostly set in syllabic The Gradual’s form and style are influenced by the sponsor’s contribution.
Amy Tikkanen has made the most current revisions and updates to this page.
The Middle Ages
Historically, the traditions of Western music may be traced back to the social and theological changes that occurred in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, which corresponded to the period roughly spanning 500 to 1400 years before the present. Because of the dominance of the early Christian Church during this time period, religious music was the most common type of music heard. The development of church music began with Gregorian Chant and progressed to a polyphonic melody known asorganum, which was sung at Notre Dame in Paris around the eleventh century.
Before the Middle Ages, music had been a part of the world’s civilizations for hundreds of years, if not thousands of years.
The term music stems from the ancient Greek muses, who were nine goddesses of art and knowledge who were worshipped in ancient Greece.
Pythagoras and others were responsible for establishing the Greekmodes, which are scales composed of entire tones and halfsteps.
The early Church was able to assert ultimate control over these feudal lords primarily via the use of superstitious terror.
In these days and times, western music was almost the exclusive property of the Christian Church.
Christianplainchant, like all music in the Western culture until to this point, was monophonic: that is, it consisted of a single melody with no harmonic support or accompaniment.
The melodies are loose and appear to roam, as if they are being guided by the Latin liturgical texts to which they have been composed.
In the sixth century, it was claimed that Pope Gregory I (reigned 590-604) standardized them, ensuring universal usage across the Western Church.
In the Easter hymn, Victimae paschali laudes, you may get a sense of the clear, floating melody that it has.
(Insert audio clip) The Ars Antiqua and Notre Dame are two of the most famous buildings in the world.
Organum was the name given to the hollow-sounding music that resulted as a result of this process during the following hundred years.
This was followed by a slow singing of the original chant tune in the tenor voice, with additional melodies weaving around and embellishing the resultant drone.
1163-1190), who produced organa for two voices, and his successor Pérotin (fl.
Pérotin’s work is an exceptional example of this extremely early type of polyphony (music for two or more voices that sound at the same time), as may be heard in his arrangement of Sederunt principes (Sederunt principles) (sound clip).
The Trouvères and the Troubadours are two types of street performers.
There were no restrictions on this music because it did not follow the traditions of the Church, and it was not even written down until sometime after the tenthcentury.
Even so, hundreds of these songs were written and performed (and much later recorded) by bands of musicians that flourished across Europe during the 12th and 13th centuries, the most renowned of whom were the French trouvères and troubadours, who were the most famous of all.
It is love, in all its incarnations of joy and agony, that is the theme of the vast majority of these songs.
Additionally, he has been recognized as the author of a large number of songs and verses, someof which take the form of themotet, a musical composition in which two or more separate lines are stitched together at the same time, without regard to what we now consider normal harmonies.
(sound clip) is an example of such a work.
Guillaume de Machaut and the Ars Nova Guillaume de Machaut was born in the Champagne area of France about 1300 and died in Rheims in 1377.
He remained at the court of John until the monarch’s death in battle at Crécy in 1346, during which time he worked as the king’s secretary.
Several significant patrons, including the future Charles V of France, sought out his talents as a composer and conductor.
Machautis is arguably most known for being the first composer to construct a polyphonic setting of the Ordinary of the Catholic Mass, which he did in 1845.
The “Gloria” from Machaut’s Messe de Notre Dame exemplifies the new style of the fourteenthcentury, which was dubbed theArs Nova by composers of the time (sound clip).
Despite the fact that the Mass is perhaps his most well-known work today, Machaut also penned scores of secular love songs, many of which were in the manner of the polyphonic Ars Nova or “new art,” which he admired.
The secular motets of the Middle Ages eventually developed into the massive quantity and outpouring of music produced by the great RenaissanceMadrigalists of the Renaissance period. Jason R. Ogan conducted research in 2001.
What is Gregorian Chant – GIA Publications
|Before reviewing the main Gregorian chant books and resources, perhaps it is good to state what Gregorian chant is.Gregorian chant is the church’s own music, born in the church’s liturgy. Its texts are almost entirely scriptural, coming for the most part from the Psalter. For centuries it was sung as pure melody, in unison, and without accompaniment, and this is still the best way to sing chant if possible. It was composed entirely in Latin; and because its melodies are so closely tied to Latin accents and word meanings, it is best to sing it in Latin. (Among possible exceptions are chant hymns, since the melodies are formulaic and are not intrinsically tied to the Latin text.) Gregorian chant is in free rhythm, without meter or time signature.Because the liturgy was sung almost entirely in Gregorian chant in the Middle Ages (with polyphony saved for special occasions), every type of liturgical text has been set in chant: readings, prayers, dialogs, Mass propers, Mass ordinaries, office hymns, office psalms and antiphons, responsories, and versicles. Although Pope St. Gregory the Great (590–604) certainly did not play a role in the creation or compilation of our chant melodies, popular legend led the church to name Gregorian chant after this great leader.Many other types and styles of music are similar to Gregorian chant or inspired by it, but one should distinguish them from Gregorian chant. Taizé chants, for example, are generally in Latin, similar to Gregorian chant antiphons. But the musical style is quite different: metered and with choral harmonies and/or instrumental accompaniments.Many psalm tones have been written since the Second Vatican Council. They are much like Gregorian chant psalm tones with their free rhythm and their repeatable melodic formulas. By Gregorian psalm tones, however, we mean a set of particular melodies, one for each of the Gregorian modes, always in the form of two measures. The Gregorian psalm tones are well suited to the Latin language, but do not work very well with English accents, unless one takes freedom in adapting them. For English psalm verses, it is probably wiser to use psalm tones written for the English language. Back to Gregorian Chant Resources|
MUSIC APPRECIATION- The Middle Ages and the Renaissance – Subjecto.com
|Among other causes, why did secular music becomemore important than sacred music in the fourteenth century?||All answers are correct|
|Why does Renaissance music sound fuller thanmedieval music?||All answers are correct.|
|Josquin Desprez was a contemporary of _.||Christopher Columbus|
|A versatile plucked string instrument with a bodyshaped like half a pear, popular during the Renaissance, was the _.||lute|
|Terpsichore, a collection of over 300 dance tunes,was arranged for instrumental ensemble by _.||Michael Praetorius|
|The wandering minstrels, or jongleurs, of theMiddle Ages _.||All answers are correct.|
|The center of polyphonic music in Europe after 1150was _.||Paris|
|A famous French woman troubadour was _.||Beatriz, Countess of Dia|
|The first large body of secular songs that survivesin decipherable notation was composed _.||during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries|
|A virtual monopoly on learning during the MiddleAges was held by _.||monks in monasteries|
|Which of the following statements regarding theRenaissance is not true?||Much of the instrumental music composed during theRenaissance was intended for church use.|
|What did Beatriz, Countess of Dia, compose?||A chantar|
|The _ was the most popular instrument inthe Renaissance home.||lute|
|The word Alleluia _.||All answers are correct.|
|What is the Renaissance motet?||A polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin textother than the ordinary of the mass|
|Guillaume de Machaut was a _ as wellas a musician.||poet|
|The notation of troubadour and trouvère melodiesdoes not indicate _.||rhythm|
|The lute song was widely cultivated in England from_.||the late 1590s to the 1620s|
|An estampie is a medieval _.||dance|
|A new system of music notation that allowedcomposers to specify almost any rhythmical pattern had evolved by the _.||early fourteenth century|
|The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly _.||polyphonic|
|Pope Gregory the Great _.||reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during hisreign from 590 to 604|
|During the Middle Ages, what institution was thecenter of musical life?||The church|
|The use of organs in church _.||bothered the clergy because they distracted thelisteners from worship|
|The first steps in a revolution that eventuallytransformed western music began sometime between 700 and 900 with the _.||addition of a second melodic line to Gregorianchant|
|Which of the following statements is not true ofhumanism?||The humanists were basically atheistic in theirbeliefs.|
|The earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordovirtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by _.||Hildegard of Bingen|
|During the Renaissance, every educated person wasexpected to _.||All answers are correct|
|Which of the following statements is not true ofthe Renaissance?||The Catholic church was even more powerful in theRenaissance than during the Middle Ages.|
|The leading music center in sixteenth-centuryEurope was _.||Italy|
|Which of the following statements is not true?||Medieval music theorists favored the use of triads,the basic consonant chords of music.|
|During the late Middle Ages, the church believedthat instrumental music during religious services should be _.||used only as a discreet accompaniment|
|The church frowned on instruments because of their_.||earlier role in pagan rites|
|Gregorian chant _.||All answers are correct.|
|Which of the following is not a part of the massordinary?||Ave Maria|
|What is the passamezzo?||A stately dance in duple meter similar to thepavane|
|To what does a cappella refer?||Unaccompanied choral music|
|The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period ofEuropean history spanning _.||450-1450|
|What is the Renaissance madrigal?||A piece for several solo voices set to a shortpoem, usually about love|
|Thomas Weelkes’s As Vesta Was Descending is notablefor its _.||word painting|
|One of the major characteristics of ars nova musicis its use of _.||syncopation|
|Gregorian chant consists of _.||melody sung without accompaniment|
|Which of the following composers is not animportant madrigalist?||Josquin Desprez|
|Much of the instrumental music composed during theRenaissance was intended for _.||dancing|
|Which of the following describes a differencebetween English and Italian madrigals?||A lighter and more humorous tone|
|The form of the chant Alleluia: Vidimus stellam is_.||ABA|
|A(n) _ can be defined as two simultaneous,repeated notes at the interval of a fifth, played on a psaltery (a plucked orstruck string instrument).||drone|
|Why are Leonin and Perotin notable?||All answers are correct.|
|An attempt was made to purify Catholic church musicas a result of the _.||deliberations of the Council of Trent|
|Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s _.||music includes 104 masses and some 450 other sacredworks|
|The first steps toward the development of polyphonywere taken sometime between 700 and 900, when _.||monks in monastery choirs began to add a secondmelodic line to Gregorian chant|
|The term ars nova refers to _.||Italian and French music of the fourteenth century|
|Which statement is true about Palestrina’s Pope MarcellusMass?||All answers are correct.|
|Which of the following statements is not true?||Josquin spent most of his life in the province ofHainaut, today a part of Belgium.|
|The intellectual movement called humanism _.||focused on human life and its accomplishments|
|Why are Renaissance melodies usually easy to sing?||The melody often moves along a scale with few largeleaps.|
|Bernard of Clairvaux ordered his monks to sing_.||vigorously with manliness|
|Many prominent Renaissance composers, who heldimportant posts all over Europe, came from what was then _.||Flanders|
|We know from paintings and literary descriptions ofthe Middle Ages that _.||instruments were used|
|Who was Hildegard of Bingen?||All answers are correct.|
|What is the galliard?||A lively dance in triple meter|
|Medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant andone or more additional melodic lines is called _.||organum|
|The Renaissance in music occurred between _.||The Renaissance in music occurred between _.|
|Gregorian chant _.||is monophonic in texture|
|Why did the Council of Trent attack the churchmusic of the Renaissance?||It used secular tunes, noisy instruments, andtheatrical singing.|
|Most medieval music was _.||vocal|
|Lute songs are mostly _ in texture.||Homophonic|
|The medieval jongleurs, important sources ofinformation in a time when there were no newspapers, were _.||on the lowest social level|
|The expression of _, as heard in JohnDowland’s Flow My Tears, was a prominent feature of English literature andmusic in the time of William Shakespeare.||melancholy|
|Guillaume de Machaut’s compositions consist mainlyof _.||love songs with instrumental accompaniment|
|The development of the English madrigal can betraced to 1588 and considered a result of _.||the publication in London of a volume of translatedItalian madrigals|
|In the Middle Ages, most important musicians were_.||priests|
|Which of the following statements is not true ofRenaissance music?||Instrumental music became more important than vocalmusic during the Renaissance.|
|Church officials expected monks to sing _.||with proper pronunciation and tone quality|
|Palestrina’s career centered in _.||Rome|
|As a young student in Paris, Henri de Malines sang_.||monophonic songs in various languages|
|What we know about instruments in church comesmainly from _.||the pictures and literary descriptions of the day|
|Which of the following is not true of Gregorianchant?||It is usually polyphonic in texture.|
|How do Gregorian chant melodies tend to move?||Stepwise within a narrow range of pitches|
|The music the medieval monks sang was called_.||Gregorian chant|
|One function of secular music in the late MiddleAges was to provide accompaniment for _.||dancing|
|The earliest surviving chant manuscripts date fromabout the _ century.||ninth|
|Which of the following is not one of the fivesections of the Renaissance mass?||Alleluia|
|The Renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in_.||Italy|
|Secular music in the fourteenth century _.||All answers are correct.|
|The movement in which the Catholic church sought tocorrect abuses and malpractices within its structure is known as _.||the Counter-Reformation|
|Gregorian chant is named after Pope Gregory I, who_.||was credited by medieval legend with having createdit|
|In the recording of the medieval estampie, themelody is played on a rebec, a _.||bowed string instrument|
|The highlight of the day for monks and nuns was_.||the mass|
|A leading English composer of lute songs was_.||John Dowland|
|The Renaissance may be described as an age of_.||All answers are correct.|
|An outstanding composer of the ars nova was _.||Guillaume de Machaut|
|In most lute songs, the lute accompaniment _.||is subordinate to the voice|
|John Dowland’s Flow My Tears consists of _musical sections that are each immediately repeated.||three|
|Josquin Desprez spent much of his life in _.||Italy|
|Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today?||The Second Vatican Council of 1962 to 1965 decreedservices be in the native language of each country.|
|William IX, Duke of Aquitaine, Prince Jaufre Rudel,Bernart de Ventadorn and Guillaume le Vinier were all famous _.||troubadours|
|The earliest known composers to write music withmeasured rhythm were _.||Leonin and Perotin|
|Which of the following statements is not true ofthe medieval estampie?||It was intended for religious services.|
|Church authorities in the Middle Ages_ their religious services.||wanted music only as a discreet accompaniment to|