Why Does Medieval Chant Sound Otherworldly

Music Appreciation midterm review wk.2 Flashcards

In what ways did Hildegard bring music back into her monastery after the authorities had prohibited it? She cited Bible texts concerning music and told authorities that they were jeopardizing their own destiny in paradise if they didn’t take action. What is it about medieval chant that makes it seem “otherworldly” or “strange” to modern ears? There are two modes utilized in the compositions: major and minor, which are distinct from the two that are most commonly used nowadays. What exactly is liturgical plainchant?

On average, how many church services did nuns and monks attend each week?

What was the primary goal of plainchanting, exactly?

Throughout northern Africa and the Middle East, it is frequently utilized.

  • Is there a country that presently encompasses the region where “he who happily serves” originates?
  • He was a king who commissioned works in a wide range of fields, including music, as part of his reign.
  • two sharms, two drums, and a bass drum a lengthy note played beneath the melody line that is kept in place.
  • The violin’s ancestor was the viola.
  • -considered herself to be a conduit through whom the Holy Spirit spoke with humankind.
  • During the Middle Ages, both polyphonic and monophonic textures were used in the composition of music.
  • During the Middle Ages, monks and priests in monasteries enjoyed a virtual monopoly on knowledge.

The lute, trumpet, clappers, and drums were some of the instruments that were employed during the Middle Ages.

It has not been proven, hence this is false.

Which of the following statements about Gregorian Chant is FALSE?

In addition, it gives the words an air of serenity and otherworldliness, which increases their significance.

The melodies have a tendency to move in a stepwise fashion with a limited range of notes.

Its texture is always polyphonic, regardless of the mode.

Satan is compared to Darth Vader in the Star Wars series in Hildegard’s play.

It is the repetition and contrast of two relatively brief melodic units that results in the formation of the expression “he who willingly serves.” It is important to note that the devil does not sing in Hildegard’s play in order to underline that Satan should not be given this heavenly gift from heaven.

In Hildegard’s play, the monophonic texture is as follows: This enabled the performers to project the words with exceptional clarity.

what kind of music did hildegard von bingen write

Saint Hildegard of Bingen OSB
Region Western philosophy
School Neoplatonism
Main interests mystical theology, medicine, botany, natural history, music, literature
Notable ideas Lingua ignota, humoral theory, morality play, viriditas

What contributions did Hildegard of Bingen make to knowledge and the arts discuss her music in your answer?

She is credited with writing the first book on gynecology, which was published in 1848. She composed more than 70 poetry, chants, and songs, and her drama “Ordo Virtutum” (Play of Virtues) is often considered to be a distant predecessor of opera.

Did Hildegard write the words for some of the music she composed?

Plainsong chant is the term used to describe the sort of music that was sung in churches throughout the Middle Ages. Hildegard’s compositions, on the other hand, are unusual in that they were composed specifically for female voices. She frequently said that God inspired her music and writings and that she got them straight from him.

What is the melody of O Successores?

In the sense that it is homophonic, it is composed of a melody line that is complemented by relatively basic harmony. The female voice is the most prevalent timbre. The violin, which is a bowed string instrument, provides the necessary harmony.

What does polyphony mean in English?

Polyphony is defined as a kind of musical composition in which two or more melodic lines are played simultaneously but are largely independent of one another: counterpoint.

Which genre of vocal music was used in Renaissance church services?

The choral music of the Renaissance was a development of the Gregorian chants of the past. It was performed a cappella and in the Latin language. During this time period, motets were quite popular. A motet is a polyphonic composition in which four or five vocal sections chant a religious text in unison.

Who was Hildegard de Bingen What were her contributions to music and society?

Hildegard was chosen magistra by her sister nuns in 1136, and she went on to create the monasteries of Rupertsberg in 1150 and Eibingen in 1165. Hildegard was born in Rupertsberg, Germany, around 1136. One of her compositions, the Ordo Virtutum, is considered to be the earliest surviving example of liturgical theater as well as the oldest existing morality play.

Which type of music was created by the Notre Dame School of composers?

Historically significant for producing the oldest repertoire of polyphonic (multipart) music to attain international recognition and circulation, the Notre Dame School is a key figure in the history of music.

How many poems of her own did Hildegard of Bingen set to music?

Many influential and powerful persons sought her advice on issues pertaining to the church and the state. She also composed poetry, with at least 77 of them being put to music. During Hildegard’s time, the church’s music was composed of chants sung by male monks, which she considered to be appropriate.

What was Hildegard von Bingen best known for?

In the 13th century, Hildegard of Bingen (also known as Hildegarde von Bingen) was a German nun who… Along with her enormous amount of work and ethereal musical compositions, Hildegard is perhaps most recognized for her spiritual idea of Viriditas – “greenness”– the cosmic life force that permeates the natural world and is embodied in the natural world.

Who wrote Gregorian chants?

Although popular tradition attributes the invention of Gregorian chant to Pope Gregory the Great, experts think that it emerged as a result of a later Carolingian synthesis of Roman and Gallican chant in the ninth century. Scalar modes are used to categorize Gregorian chants. There are eight of them.

What language did Hildegard von Bingen speak?

A lingua ignota (Latin for “unknown tongue”) was mentioned by the abbess of Rupertsberg, St. Margaret, in the 12th century…

Lingua ignota
Created by Hildegard of Bingen
Date 12th century
Purpose constructed language artistic language Lingua ignota

Was Hildegard of Bingen and anchoress?

Hildegarde of Bingen, usually known as St. Hildegard of Bingen, was born in Ruperstberg, Germany, in 1179.

After being born as the tenth child of an aristocratic family, Hildegarde was entrusted in the care of a Catholic anchoress called Jutta when she was eight years old. Jetta lived in seclusion and founded a Benedictine convent just outside of Bingen, where she died in 1547.

Who was Hildegard of Bingen quizlet?

She was a German writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath who lived during the early twentieth century. She lived to be 81 years old.

Where did Hildegard von Bingen live?


How did Hildegard of Bingen instill her music with emotional expression?

As a result, Hildegard of Bingen implanted emotional expression into her music by sensing the energy of her music and linking it with the words, resulting in peacefully lovely music. Her contributions were notable since she placed many of her words to music and wrote with beautiful imagery and imaginative language.

Who was Hildegard of Bingen and what did she do?

Answer: By focusing on the emotional energy of her music and linking it with her text, Hildegard of Bingen implanted emotional expression into her music, resulting in peacefully lovely music. Her works were notable because she placed many of her writings to music and wrote with vivid imagery and imaginative language.

What were Hildegard of Bingen visions?

A vision, Hildegard claims, ordered her to abandon Disibodenberg Monastery and establish a new monastery on the adjacent Mount of St.Rupert in 1148, as her fame and religious order expanded… To men, she was nothing more than a poor, fragile lady who was only uttering what God had instructed her to say.

What musical qualities of Gregorian chant give it an otherworldly or ethereal sound?

Both the church modes and the contemporary scales include seven notes. They were the fundamental muscial scales that were employed throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The employment of church modes contributes to the “otherworldly” quality of Gregorian chant’s distinctive tone.

How did Hildegard von Bingen change the world?

Hildegard von Bingen transformed the way we think about the world and ourselves. She is well known for her thesis of Viriditas, which she describes as a supernatural force that governs the natural world. Hildegard was a pioneer in the field of natural medicine. She paid special attention to human problems and cures, and she meticulously chronicled them.

What was important about the play of the virtues written by Hildegard of Bingen?

During the building and relocation of her Abbey at Rupertsberg, Hildegard of Bingen wrote Ordo Virtutum (“The Play of Virtues”) as a means of demonstrating her independence and expressing her religious beliefs. In many aspects, the play symbolizes Hildegard’s midlife transition, as well as her separation from numerous Benedictine formality, which are depicted throughout the play.

Which of the following sacred music genres do we associate with Hildegard von Bingen?

Over the course of her life, Hildegard von Bingen gained considerable notoriety as a performer of polyphonic motets.

Is chant a type of vocal music that is sung without accompaniment?

In the same way that the bulk of secular vocal music from the Renaissance is an example of a cappella singing, the Gregorian chant is an example of ensemble singing.

Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?

What is it about Gregorian chant that makes it sound so distinct from other styles of Western music? There is no sense of harmony. When it comes to the Mass, what is the predominant language? Identify which of the following women was a religious leader who was also a well-known figure in literature and music.

What type of song is Dame de qui toute ma joie vient?

It is composed in the style of the ballade, which was originally a dance form on the theme of love, but had evolved into a more formal polyphonic form by the fourteenth century, which was presumably performed mostly for the intellectuals and nobility.

Ballade No. 42 is the number assigned to it by Schrade.

What is the tempo of O Successores?

O Successores is a song written by Hildegard von Bingen that has a pace of 135 beats per minute. It can also be utilized at half-time at 68 BPM or double-time at 270 BPM, depending on the situation. The tune has a duration of 1 minute and 58 seconds and is played in aAkey and aminormode. With a time signature of three beats per bar, it has a low level of intensity and is not very danceable.

What type of composition is O Successores?

As a result of their fortissimi successors leonis

Track Title: O successores fortissimi leonis
Performer: Oxford Camerata; Summerly, Jeremy
Date of Composition:
Genre: Choral – Sacred

Hildegard von Bingen ~ Music History for Kids

Hildegard von Bingen’s contribution to music how did Hildegard von Bingen come to be hildegard von Bingen: visions hildegard von Bingen’s most renowned works hildegard von Bingen’s contribution to music Interesting facts about Hildegard von Bingen include her birthplace and the year she was born. See more entries in the FAQ category.

What is the name of the dog in Outlander?

  1. Which character’s dog’s name is it in Outlander? What is the significance of Hildegard of Bingen? Is the Ordo virtutum a monophonic piece? What were the three areas of expertise that Hildegard von Bingen had
  2. Who was the author of Ordo virtutum? Who was the author of Ordo virtutum? What does the Latin phrase Ordo virtutum imply in English? What was the intended audience for the Ordo virtutum
  3. Who was it written for? What is it about medieval chant that makes it sound exotic or unique to modern ears
  4. Why is chanting still practiced in certain places today
  5. What is a grand entry quizlet, and how does it work? What does the term syllabic mean
  6. The distinction between syllabic and melismatic is explained below. What does the term “melisma” signify
  7. What are the syllabic words in this sentence
  8. What is the number of syllables in English
  9. Are glides syllabic in nature? What is the definition of a syllable in English
See also:  Gregorian Chant Originated From Which Pope

What is the name of the dog in Outlander?

Young Ian’s canine buddy, Rollo, was a half-wolf mix.

Why is Hildegard of Bingen important?

Hildegard was a pioneer in the field of nutrition. Creativity is both an expression and a kind of prayer, as Hildegard of Bingen taught us centuries ago. Hildegardof Bingen was one of the most prominent composers of the Medieval Period, and her work is being studied today. Ordo Virtutum, a morality drama and opera, is the only Medieval piece that has survived to the present day with both text and music.

Is Ordo virtutum monophonic?

One of her most well-known works, Ordo Virtutum(Drama of the Virtues), is a morality play…………………….. The morality drama is comprised of monophonic tunes for the Anima (human soul) and 16 Virtues, which are interspersed throughout.

What three things did Hildegard von Bingen specialize in?

In addition to being a Christian mystic and Benedictine abbess, Hildegard of Bingen (also known as Hildegarde von Bingen, l. 1098-1179 CE) was a polymath who was knowledgeable in philosophy, musical composition, herbology, medieval literature, cosmology, medicine and biology, as well as theology, biology, and natural history.

Who composed Ordo virtutum?

The writings of Hildegard of Bingen

Who wrote Ordo virtutum?

Hildegard of Bingen (Hildegard of Bingen)

What does Ordo virtutum mean in English?

The Virtues are arranged in an order of importance.

What was the intended audience for the Ordo virtutum?

TheOrdo Virtutumwas composed particularly for an audience of nuns, and it is likely that it would have been played predominantly—though not exclusively—in Hildegard’s own Rupertsberg Convent. This does not imply, however, that the performance would only have been witnessed by women, as visiting males would have have been included in the general audience at the time.

Why does medieval chant sound otherworldly or different to our ears?

What is it about medieval chant that makes it seem “otherworldly” or “strange” to modern ears? In contrast to the major and minor scales that we are used to hearing today, the melodies employ modes.

Why is chant sometimes still used today?

It is preferable to chant rather than say a word. Why is chanting still practiced in various parts of the world today? It provides vocalists with the option to improvise melodies and harmonies on the fly while performing. The decision to use an all-male ensemble for the performances of “Caro mea” shows a desire to

What is a grand entry quizlet?

What exactly is a “Grand Entrance”? the ceremonial beginning of a powwow, during which all participants are welcomed into the arena What criteria do Native Americans use to choose which vocables to sing?

They think that they have been conveyed from the spirit realm through a dream or a revelation to them. In terms of melodic contour, this chant may be defined as follows:

What does syllabic refer to?

(This is the first of two entries.) the element that makes up a syllable or the nucleus of a syllable a: a vowel asyllabicconsonant that is not followed by another vowel asyllabicconsonant in the same syllable. When the initial vowel of a falling diphthong, such as I issyllabic, its vowel quality is more pronounced than the vowel quality of another vowel in the same syllable, it is called issyllabic.

What is the difference between syllabic and melismatic?

A neume is a sign that represents two to four notes in the same symbol, which means that each word is sung to two to four different notes depending on the language. This style contrasts with syllabic, in which each syllable has just one note, and melisma, in which a single syllable contains several notes.

What does melisma mean?

1. A combination of sounds or tones sung on a single word in plainsong is known as a cadence.

What are the syllabic words?

In English, an asyllabic consonant (also known as a vocalic consonant) is a consonant that may either stand alone and form a syllable, as in the English words rhythm, button, and bottle, or can act as the nucleus of a syllable, as in the r sound in the American pronunciation of job.

How many syllables is English?

2 syllables are used.

Are glides syllabic?

All vowels, glides, liquids, and nasals are accompanied by the +Sonorant sound. Vowels are always followed by a syllable. Liquids and nasal sprays CAN be either + or -Syllabic in composition. Whenever they are used as syllable nuclei (huddle, button), they are referred to as plus Syllabic.

What is a syllables in English?

In English, an asyllable is a segment of a word that comprises sounds (phonemes) from a single word. It is generally punctuated with a vowel. A syllable is also referred to as a ‘beat,’ and teachers frequently instruct students on how to recognize syllables by clapping the ‘beats’ in phrases. Another way to think of a syllable is as a’mouthful’ of a word or phrase.

What makes Gregorian chant uniquely itself — with recommended recordings

Today, I’ll talk about what distinguishes chant from other musical styles, and then I’ll share some of my favorite chant recordings with you. Last week, I provided a (short!) overview of the history of Gregorian chant in the Catholic Church’s liturgy. Today, I’ll talk about what distinguishes chant from other musical styles, and then I’ll share some of my favorite chant recordings with you. If we can identify the unique characteristics of chant, it will be simpler to understand why it organically developed alongside the liturgy and why the Church has praised it so highly throughout history, including in our own day.

1. Primacy of the word

Chant is music that is used in the service of God’s message. The majority of chants are based on God’s own words from Scripture, which are chanted in melodic phrases that bring out the depth of meaning of the words. Anexegesis of the text is what chant is: the melody and rhythm are not only incidentally tied to the text, but unpack and relish its reality, highlighting this or that part of it, lingering over this line, probing that one. Chant may be described as anexegesis of the text.

2. Free rhythm

As a result of the aforementioned, chant is classified as “ametrical” or “non-metrical,” making it the sole music of this type in the Western tradition. Because Scripture is not written in poetic meter, the musical lines in this piece follow the natural rhythm of the text. Given that chant is not restricted to a preset grid of beats, such as duple or triple time (think: march or waltz), but rather adheres to the syllables of the words, it gives the impression that its phrases float, flow along, meander, and soar.

Unconstrained fluidity and freedom of motion, which appear to break away from the dominion of earthly time symbolized by the beat, are responsible for much of the “magic” that chants evince.

3. Unison singing

It is sung in unison —that is, everyone sings the same tune at the same time — because the emphasis is on the word of God and how it unites us as one Body in Christ. Chant is performed in unison because the word of God unites us as one Body in Christ. The delicate rhythm of chant, as well as the much-admired ingenuity and intricacy of its melodies, are only conceivable as a result of this concentration on unison singing, which is both practical and symbolic. Nothing speaks more powerfully of the Church’s unity, antiquity, and universality than a vast crowd saying the Creed as a group during Mass, indicating in action that the Church is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.

4. Unaccompanied vocalization

Chant is typically performed “a cappella,” that is, without the accompaniment of an instrument. With its singularly authentic, sincere, modest, and concentrated quality, the sound of the bare human voice offered up to God in prayer is far less susceptible to the kinds of distractions that occur with the use of instruments, especially whether performed virtuosically, rambunctiously, or just noisily.

5. Modality

Modality is the second most distinguishing quality of Gregorian chant, after only free rhythm as the most unique trait. It is possible to define a mode as a certain series of full steps and half steps, among which there is a dominating (or repeating) tone and a concluding tone on which the music comes to rest. Based on the options provided by the eight-pitch Western scale, chant evolved into what may be characterized as eight ways of performance. Two of the modes (in a manner; I’m simplifying) acquired prominence as music progressed in the late Renaissance and into the Baroque eras, eventually becoming known as the “major” and “minor” keys, respectively.

For this reason, and because our ears have become so accustomed to the major/minor key system (which has been in use for hundreds of years), Gregorian chants, which employ eight modes that rarely conform to our modern musical expectations, strike us as otherworldly; introspective; haunting; incomplete; “brightly sad.” Cry becomes for us, in a sense that was doubtless not as required in the Middle Ages, an antidote, a health-giving purgative, a summons to more interiority, as well as a promoter and protector of the proper spiritual hierarchy.

6. Anonymity

Anonymous monks, cantors, and canons created the great bulk of the chants that were performed. In this life, we will never be able to learn their names. Wow, such a wonderful counter-balance to the egotism that so frequently accompanies creative invention and performance! It is impossible to distinguish oneself when singing chant in a group or congregation because we do not know who wrote it or who composed it.

We also cannot “shine” or stand out in a rock-star style because we do not know who wrote it or who composed it. It works against the need to be on display, supports the submersion of one’s uniqueness in Christ, and causes us to act and feel like members of the Mystical Body, among other things.

7. Emotional moderation

It would be erroneous to claim that chanting is devoid of emotion. The melodies are both immensely pleasurable to sing and to listen to, and they are quite catchy (when well executed). This group delves into the depths of joy and elation, bitterness and sorrow, desire and trustful surrender. They convey a wide range of subtle emotional undertones. They have the ability to bring tears to the eyes of those who are spiritually sensitive. The emotions expressed in chant, on the other hand, are modest, peaceful, noble, and polished.

The “temperance” of chant takes on a special significance in these times, when so many people live a fast-paced existence, busy running over the surface of things, agitated and even worn out from too much stimulus.

For us, chant serves as a therapeutic treatment, a health-giving purgative, a call to more interiority, a promoter and protector of the proper spiritual order, and all of this in a way that was clearly not necessary in the Middle Ages

8. Unambiguous sacrality

Despite the fact that this is likely the most obvious truth, its significance is rarely completely appreciated: Gregorian chant was created only for the sake of heavenly worship, and it lends itself to no other (profane) application. It is intrinsically sacred, that is, it is reserved exclusively for God’s use. For the purposes of worship, it is the musical counterpart of incense and vestments, which are not normally utilized. This kind of event is Christ’s privileged “honor guard” and “attendants,” forcefully invoking His presence while also seamlessly directing us into His presence in our lives.

As a result, it stands in stark contrast to secular types of music, which, when introduced into the church, have an uncertain connotation: are we dealing with our Lord or with the world (or even worldliness)?

The following are the chant recordings that are suggested.

See also:  Nam Myoho Renge Kyo How To Chant

The tiny variances in the manner in which the chant is sung demonstrate that there is a real range of interpretations of this old art form available.

Benedicta (The Monks of Norcia)

This is by far the finest value available for a collection of genuinely superb recordings. For $23.15 (at the time of writing), you may acquire six CDs of chant that cover the major feasts of the Catholic calendar year. Listed below is a sampling of their music:

Choralschola der Wiener Hofburgkapelle

V0206.ANONYMOUS 4:Celestial Light:Music Of Hildegard von Bingen (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4:Celestial Light:Music Of Hildegard von Bingen) (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4:Celestial Light:Music Of Hildegard von Bingen) (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4:Celestial Light:Music Of Hildegard von Bingen) (V0206.ANONY Telarc 80456. Robert Kyr. Telarc 80456 A copy that has been minimally worn seems to be brand new. �089408045622 REVIEW BY CRITICS: “I first learned about the controversial seeress and prophetess Hildegard von Bingen a few years ago and was immediately intrigued, leading me to learn more about her life.

  • It’s impossible not to be convinced after listening to this CD, which is based on her acclaimed “Symphony of the Harmony of Celestial Revelation.” Take a listen and make your own decision.
  • The song is vocalized by a group of ladies known as “Tapestry,” who use their voices to weave spells and create enchantment.
  • While listening, you’ll lose track of the fact that you’re hearing four different voices; the music will make you forget everything as the “light” fills your head and you transcend earthly distractions.
  • Due to the fact that our modern ears are accustomed to hearing vocals in conjunction with music, experiencing this musical ecstasy is quite refreshing.
  • Hildegard’s music, like most of the medieval music that makes use of unmeasured chants, has a variety of unique and magnificent expressions of pace and emotion.
  • The motets are performed by the ensemble Tapestry.

“Celestial Light” fills you with light, just as it is designed to do. Make a note of it under the category of “otherworldly and inspirational music that is excellent for the soul.” – Enrique Torres is the author of this article.

Austin Community College MUSI 1306 Review of quiz 1

Celestial Light: Music of Hildegard von Bingen (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4: Celestial Light: Music of Hildegard von Bingen) (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4: Celestial Light: Music of Hildegard von Bingen) (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4: Celestial Light: Music of Hildegard von Bingen) (V0206.ANONYMOUS 4: Celestial Light: Music of Hildegard TELARC 80456 – Robert Kyr A copy that has been minimally worn seems to be brand new. �089408045622 THE OPINION OF THE CRITICS The controversial seeress and prophetess Hildegard von Bingen initially came to my attention some years ago, and I got interested with her and began researching her life.

  1. This CD, which is based on her “Hymn of Celestial Revelation,” will leave you with little question about what she means when she says she is inspired by the celestials.
  2. While the music is based on the notion of light, the sound is very stunning.
  3. The harmonizing and solo performances are both wonderful and inspiring to see..
  4. The fact that you are simply listening to voices is astonishing in and of itself because the voice catches your attention and keeps you so concentrated that you are not aware of the absence of any musical background.
  5. This is a medieval chant that is done with a high level of ecstasy and exuberance.
  6. This CD has a special cycle of motets composed just for ‘Tapestry’ to play on it, dubbed ‘Circling Wheel,’ with text by Hildegard of Bingen, which is performed in Latin because she never put them to music.
  7. “Celestial Light” does exactly what it says on the tin: it illuminates you.

Austin Community CollegeMUSI 1306Review of quiz1)Which of the following is NOT true of medieval dance?Most medieval composersWhat does the term “syllabic” refer to?What was the primary purpose of plainchant?Why does medieval chant sound “otherworldly” or different to our ears?Why would a composer use a melisma?In a musical section with the text “o you most brave and glorious knights, come and help me to conquer that deceitful one,” where will the cadence be heard?In general, the two differing approaches performers today can take to the rhythm of plainchant areThe liturgical chant of the early church grew out of which repertory?Although the written score of Play of Virtues was for only voices,On a given day, if she were not busy composing, Hidegard would most likely beWhich of the following best sums up Hildegard’s message to religious authorities who had banned music from her covenant?Which of the following is not true about chant?What is a “grand entry”?How do Native Americans decide on which vocables to sing?The melodic contour of his chant can describe asWhich of the following would NOT likely be seen at a powwow?Why might the use of percussion instruments be perceived as also “singing” the chant?Most of the Eagle Dance is in what meter?In San Ildefonso culture, the eagle is a symbol ofIn ancient times, when might the Eagle Dance have been performed?In the Eagle Dance, when there are different vocables or the vocables are in a varied order, what is happening?What is the text for the Alleluia about?Chanting (as opposed to speaking) a wordWhen was the Alleluia sung?Composers of medieval plainchant wereThe first section (A) of this chant hasHow many times is the music to the opening word “Alleluia” sung?What particularly heightens expression in the B section of the Alleluia?Which of the following would NOT be a reason why chant is sometimes still use today?The choice of an all-male ensemble in performance of “Caro mea” reflectsWhich of the following would be found in a song in courtly love tradition?“Behold, Spring” is polyphonic because theA “strophe” is another word forIn music, a “cadence” is equivalent to a(n)The melody of “Behold, Spring” is mostlyThe Squarcialupi Codex can best be described as aWhat is balata?What is it called when different voices sing the same note?Landini was famous not only as a composer but also a(n)Landini organized the rhythms in “Behold, Spring” around what kind of steady pattern?The musical counterpart to a period in a sentence is aWhich of the following is NOT part of the Mass Ordinary?Machaut spent much of his lifeThe Pygmalion mythThe purpose of cadences is toHow did Machaut adapt the story of Pygmalion to the Courtly love tradition?What well-known song uses AAB form?In the Mass, bread and wine represent or become theIf a piece of music began with one section, followed by another section, and this second is repeated, the form would be labeledWhat would be one way to make a lower voice easier to hear, among several independent voices?The form of the melody of “He Who Gladly Serves” isWhat is a drone bass?Which of the following is NOT a double reed instrument?Composers in the Middle Ages typicallyDescribe usage of the shawm todayHow are modern jazz musicians similar to medieval musicians?Why can we be fairly sure the Songs to the Virgin Mary were not composed strictly vocal performanceWhich modern instrument is most closely related to the shawm?How do we know that drums were central to many esembles?When played alone, a single instrument can only produce what kind of texture?

Austin Community CollegeMUSI 1306 is a music program at Austin Community College. Review of quiz 1)Which of the following statements about medieval dancing is NOT true?

  1. The majority of medieval composers
  2. What what is meant by the phrase “syllabic”
  3. What was the primary goal of plainchanting, exactly? What is it about medieval chant that makes it seem “otherworldly” or “strange” to modern ears? What is the purpose of a melisma in a composition? The cadence will be heard in a melodic part with the line “o you most courageous and wonderful knights, come and aid me to overcome that deceitful one,” which will be heard after the text. For the most part, the two distinct approaches that performers today might take to the rhythm of plainchant are as follows: Which repertoire was responsible for the development of the liturgical chant of the early church? Despite the fact that the published score for Play of Virtues was solely for voices, Hidegard would be most likely to be seen composing on any given day if she was not already doing so. In your opinion, which of the following best summarizes Hildegard’s message to religious leaders who had prohibited music from her covenant
  4. Which of the following statements concerning chant is not correct
  5. What exactly is a “grand entrance”? What factors influence Native Americans’ decision on which vocables to sing
  6. His chant has a melodic contour that may be described as follows: At a powwow, which of the following would be most unlikely to be seen? Why may the usage of percussion instruments be construed as “singing” the chant as well? What meter is the majority of the Eagle Dance in? The eagle represents a number of things in San Ildefonso culture, including
  7. Is it possible that the Eagle Dance was done in ancient times?
  1. What is happening in the Eagle Dance when there are various vocables or when the vocables are in a different order? What is the subject of the text for the Alleluia
  2. Making a phrase a chant (as opposed to saying it out loud)
  3. When was the Alleluia sung, and where was it held? The following were the composers of medieval plainchant: The first portion (A) of this chant has the following words: There are a total of how many times the melody to the opening word “Alleluia” is sung
  4. What is it about the B portion of the Alleluia that makes it especially expressive? Which of the following would NOT be a cause for the continued use of chanting in some circles today
  5. The selection of an all-male ensemble for the performance of “Caro mea” reflects the following: Which of the following would be featured in a song written in the tradition of courtly love? Because of this, the song “Behold, Spring” is polyphonic. A “strophe” is a slang term for the following: In music, a “cadence” is the same as the letter a(n)
  6. The majority of the music in “Behold, Spring” is
  7. As an example, the Squarcialupi Codex is best summarized as
  8. What exactly is balata? If two or more voices sing the same note, what is the term for this? It is not just as a composer that Landini is renowned, but also as a(n)
  9. What type of continuous pattern did Landini use to structure the rhythms in “Behold, Spring”? The musical equivalent of a period in a sentence is the letter a
  10. Identify which of the following does not form part of the Mass Ordinary
  11. Machaut spent the better part of his life at this place. The legend of Pygmalion
  1. The goal of cadences is to
  2. Explain how Machaut adapted the narrative of Pygmalion to the tradition of courtly love
  3. And describe how he did it. Which well-known song use the AAB form? In the Mass, the bread and wine symbolise or take on the characteristics of
  4. Suppose a piece of music begins with one portion, then moves on to another section, and then the second section is repeated
  5. This would be referred to as the form. What would be one method of making a lower voice easier to hear amid a group of several independent voices
  6. The melody of “He Who Gladly Serves” takes the following form: What exactly is a drone bass? A double reed instrument is any of the following that does not have two reeds: Middle-eighteenth-century composers were generally
  7. Describe the way the shawm is used now
  8. What similarities and differences exist between current jazz artists and medieval musicians
  9. For what reason can we be reasonably certain that the Songs to the Virgin Mary were not produced solely for vocal performance? Which current instrument is most closely linked to the shawm in terms of sound and appearance
  10. So, how do we know that drums played an important role in numerous esembles? When performed alone, a single instrument can only generate one type of texture
  11. But, when played in groups, the texture may be varied.

Not the old school Gregorian chants

It takes us to another time and place when we listen to Gregorian chant, which has a haunting, otherworldly tone. The problem is that that time and location may have never been in the first place. This is due to the fact that the type of chant we are accustomed to hearing was really developed in late nineteenth-century France, during the height of Romanticism, by the Benedictine monks of the monastery in the northern town of Solesmes. There were no records of chant in the medieval period, says Alexander Lingas, founding music director of the Portland, Oregon-based vocal chamber ensemble Cappella Romana.

See also:  What Is The Ouija Board Chant

In this concert, a significant event in the history of Christianity will be highlighted.

A few decades later, as the Ottoman Empire threatened Constantinople – the spiritual capital of the Eastern church – the Easterners became ready to mend the rift, if only to assure that they would get military assistance.

There, the West promised assistance, but it never came through.

People back home were adamant in their opposition to the terms negotiated for reunion.

Despite the bitterness of the rivalries between the two faiths, individuals from both sides coexisted and interacted with one another on a daily basis.

“One of the things that comes out of this event is the ability to compare the two different musical traditions.” The contrasts are particularly noticeable near the extremities of the spectrum.

Western music, on the other hand, layered voices and lyrics vertically, sometimes with remarkable intricacy….

Was anyone really supposed to be able to tell the difference between the terms of the multiple texts in such circumstances?

Even more astonishing to us was the fact that the polyphony was generally spontaneous.

“What we have now is merely the top of the iceberg,” says the researcher.

All of this, however, was at the extremes.

As a result, a Greek hymn penned in honor of a Catholic saint, St.

Instead of using a staff or lines to indicate pitch and time, the Byzantine notation specifies what is to be sung by placing marks above the words of a chant, similar to how Western notation does.

As Powell points out, “the interstices are perfectly obvious.” “However, Byzantine notation also informs you as to how those notes are sung.

“Greek tradition is a living tradition,” Lingas asserts emphatically.

It becomes clear from reading the treatises on the manner chant was sung that it was performed with greater bravura, resonance, and a great deal more flexibility in the voice.

“In this way, we make a statement.

It will take place at St.

The cost is $20. For further information, call (949) 733-2366. Also located in Los Angeles is the J. Paul Getty Museum, located at 1200 Getty Center Drive. When: 7 p.m. Saturday (Eastern time). Price: $15 and $20Contact: (310) 440-7300 or visit www.getty.edu for more information.

o Hildegard von Bingen’s – Cloud Object Storage

  • Early 15th Century: The Church controlled intellectual and cultural life during the Middle Ages (476 CE-early 15th Century). Music was viewed as a method of worshipping God by those who practiced it. Plainchant (also known as Gregorian chant) was a type of music that consisted of monophonic, unaccompanied melodies sung in unison by a single voice or choir. From the 10th century onward, polyphony became increasingly significant in both holy and secular music. Scales are different than they are now, and most instruments are no longer utilized in the modern day. Music for Sacred Spaces (Music for Sacred Spaces): The era of enormous, gothic cathedrals and massive constructions, intended to inspire and raise the gaze to the heavens. This is the purpose of sacred music: to enhance the beauty of the scriptures that are being sung while also inspiring worshipers with the beauty of their voice. All of the services in the church were accompanied by suitable musical accompaniment. · A wide range of services, with the most significant of these being Mass. Special efforts were made to accommodate the numerous chants of the Mass. Plainchant and new poetry combine in Hildegard von Bingen’s “Play of Virtues” (Ordo virtutum) to convey lessons in understanding the differences between good and evil. Medieval castles were symbols of the secular, and music was used to entertain the people who lived there. Kingdoms, duchies, and fiefdoms of varying sizes were established throughout medieval Europe, each ruled by a Lord who was also in charge of tax collection. The best poets, dancers, and singers were sought after by the rulers. They traveled from town to town performing poetry, song, acrobatics juggling, and other forms of entertainment for the people. Love songs, heroism, and pastoral life were sung and played by Troubadours, Trouvres, and Minnesingers, among others. The presence of music was always present at nearly every courtly gathering. Medieval secular music was sung to texts in the language of the people, and it was known as chanting. Music for Dancing: Dancing was a very important social activity in the past. Most dances were group activities (like present day line-dancing) and featured a drummer providing a basic beat Information Technology 1.0: Until the 10th century, music was transmitted orally, not in written form Early plainchant manuscripts show symbols above texts indicating motion of the pitch up/down Making manuscripts were expensive: parchment was not readily available and ink was expensive
  • s Hildegard von Bingen and Play of Virtues Morality play, dramatized allegory of good and evil16 virtues
  • Charity, obedience, humility, chastity, victory, etc. Music exerts a powerful pull on the human spirit o Hildegard noticed that Play of Virtues is powerful but could be even morepowerful with music Music was perceived as a divine gift from heaven, so the devil in Play of Virtues had no lines but shouted words Hildegard builds on long tradition of liturgical plainchant o Plainchant grew out of chants of Jewish services of worship, mainly themelodic recitation of the psalms Hildegards chant is similar to more florid types found in worship services Clarity of Monophonic Texture Monophonic texture allows performers to project text with great clarity o The musicians towards the end added the sound of distant bells at the endto emphasize the moment of dramatic triumph Musicians probably added instruments to give variety to musics timbre Preserved music from the middle ages was monophonic and in the church, it because known as plainchant because of the textural simplicity Plainchant was well suited for performance in the large, resonant spaces of medieval churches Medieval Melody Hildegards flowing melodies move primarily by step (conjunct) but the occasional leaps (disjunct) provide variety and give text clear profiles A sentence of text in plainchant almost always ends with a cadence What makes plainchant sound otherworldly is the scales where melodies are basedo Medieval composers had four additional modes (including major and minor) each using a sequence of whole steps and half steps Each scale (mode) was given its own Greek name o Dorian (on D) o Phrygian (on E) o Lydian (on F) o Mixolydian (on G) o Aeolian (on A) o Ionian (on C) (on C) Projecting Words through Music Two basic choices in setting words through music o 1. Syllabic:one note per syllable, ensures words will be heard withspecial clarityo 2. Melismatic: a melisma is a syllable sung to many notes, providing variety and emphasizing key words in a text
  • Free Rhythm Two general approaches to how plainchant was performed
  • Free or measured o Free rhythm has individual notes lengthened or shortened according to thelength of the syllables in the words being sungo Measured performances adhere to consistent meter San Ildefonso Indians of New Mexico and Eagle Dance Eagle dance is part of an ancient Native American rain ceremony and is always accompanied by chant Chant has been, and remains essential to sacred rituals throughout the worldChant is predominant form of music in Native North American Indian cultureWhere it hasnt died from 19th century wards with Euro-Americans, it survives on reservations Heard at powwows where Native Americans express their mutual bond and identity Eagle dance portrays life cycle of an eagle, creature regarded as the connecting link between heaven and earth Two men in eagle feathers dance movements imitating eagles turning, flapping and swaying in the airo The feathers arent allowed to touch the groundTexture: Monophony Eagle dance consists of one melodic line Sung by male voices in unison o Percussion instruments are perceived as singing the chant
  • Soundspunctuate the rhythm of the chant Nearly all Native American music is monophonic and accompanied by percussion Word-Music Relationships: Beyond Language Songs are believed to have come from spirit world Song is transmitted through a person who hears it in a dream or revelation and teaches it to others Native American chants make use of vocablesmeaningless sung syllables, the sound of which serves like a melodic instrument Form: ABAEach section has its own melody, built of smaller repeating units Varied vocable at the end of each melody group creates contrast within each section Terraced Melody Although A and B contrast in their rhythms and sung syllables, they are similar in the overall downward contour of their melodies Both descend the scale in terraced stages, eventually resolving a low tone
  • Francesco Landini: Behold, Spring In Behold, Spring, we hear two voices singing independent and equally important lines It is a balata for two voices (balata means danced) (balata means danced) Landinis setting captures the feeling of bodies in motion Served as an organist at church in Florence and was renown as a poetBelieved to have written more than 150 secular songs, which represent 1/3 of all Italian music survived from 14th century The Richness of Polyphonic Texture Two or more voices of equal importance combine in a way that each voice retains its own identity Although our ears draw to upper line (because high pitches stand out more), the lower line is just as melodious Earliest polyphonic work was created in 8th/9th century by adding new lines above or below the existing plainchant melodies Some early works of polyphony were extraordinarily long and intricate but were based on an existing liturgical melody Perotin, wrote long and intricate works known as organum o These used plainchant in long note values in the lowest voice, with faster-moving voices layered above plainchant Behold, Spring, is actually a new secular composition Rhythm: The Pulse of Meter Behold, Spring, is set around a steady pattern of triple meter (1-2-3|1-2-3 etc.) The length of individual notes vary but music falls into consistent units of 3 beats Units of Melody Conjunct melodic lines were subdivided into smaller units, each ending with a cadence Cadences were used in second and fourth lines in each four-line strophe Landini always cadences on unison (both voices sing exactly the same note) (both voices sing exactly the same note) At times, two voices move in same rhythmic pattern while other times the rhythms diverge. They always coincide just before each cadence Form: Turning Poetry into Music Consists of three verses, known as strophes (or stanzas) with the first repeated at the end Form is ABAAO nce A is introduced, it can be repeated, varied, or contrasted though intro of new idea He used all of the above Word-Music Relationships: Syllabic vs. Melismatic Text is largely syllabic
  • sMelismas used on line 3 of first strophe and in third line of second strophe This creates a degree of variety Guillaume de Machaut: I Can All Too Well Compare My Lady Song gives voice to medieval art of courtly love Pygmalion in text refers to mystic sculptor of antiquity who carved statue so realistic he fell in love with it and it came to life Love songs are as old as songs themselves Three-Voice Texture Song is for 3 voices and has 3 independent lines that are completely different from one another Uppermost voice is easiest to hear, it is the most rhythmically active and fluid The lower voices move at slower speeds and sing longer (and fewer) notes A Melody Punctuated by Cadences There is a total of 5 cadences Length is as little as 7 seconds to as much as 19 seconds AAB Form: Text consist of 4 sentences Opening sentence is repeated for second sentence Has same form as star-s

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